A whole lot of years ago, our planet came into existence, a bumbling hot mass of elements and gases. Cut to the present and Earth is possibly the only planet in our galaxy that houses life, having been home to a myriad of various creatures and species, some of which no longer walk the face of the planet while others have managed to survive. Out of all the species, the human race is a unique species. Mankind holds many points in common with the other species that inhabit our planet – pack bonding, survival instinct, curiosity and an earnest desire to make life, i.e., survival convenient and comfortable. However, one feature that strongly distinguishes mankind from other species is its tendency to experiment and exploit. For as long as the species has existed, human beings have constantly tried to extract the resources the planet provides and exploit them to the best of their characteristics for human profit and convenience. This is where the essence of chemical engineering lies.
Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that seeks to utilize the principles, methods, elements and techniques of chemistry, physics, mathematics and economics to use, create, transform and transfer materials, chemicals and energy. They are involved in the design, creation, operation, assessment and upgradation of techniques, technology, procedures and processes that convert chemicals, living cells, raw materials, microorganisms and energy into various chemical products that are of use to human beings. This is brought about by altering certain characteristics of the elements and subjecting them to high temperature and high-pressure circumstances. Over the passage of time, the branch has developed from focusing primarily on unit reactors and production to include the other aspects like transportation. Chemical engineering is a dynamic branch of science as it takes new developments into stride in its progression. For instance, the area of chemical engineering takes into consideration the issues of environmentalism while carrying out its operations. In addition to this, chemical engineers were pressurized to undertake proper safety precautions and procedures so as to ensure that any disasters do not ensure, viz a viz the Bhopal tragedy.
Chemical engineering, like all branches of engineering, is a broad, wide-ranged area, concentrating on various aspects and methods. Institutions teaching the subject usually talk about all of the aspects in brief while concentrating on a subject or two in particular. In the professional perspective, engineers gain their expertise in an area and related subjects so as to gain expertise and build up specialization. Some of the topics and aspects that the branch of chemical engineering overlooks:
The process of construction is usually managed by a project engineer and a project manager simultaneously. Often, chemical engineers work as project engineers on both a part-time and full-time basis. Courses of chemical engineering usually do not focus on project engineering in particular but the profession requires certain skills that can be acquired through training modules.
All these steps are carried out by engineers called process engineers. Process design involves defining the equipment and tools that are part of the process and laying out their roles and how the work in connection.
Institutions across the expanse of the world offer education in chemical engineering at all levels – bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate. Education in chemical engineering comprises of calculus, biology and physics. Usually, a chemical engineer can attain employment with a bachelor’s degree and a license. A master’s degree is sought by students looking to further their research in the field of chemical engineering or by students who wish to pursue chemical engineering but studied another subject for their bachelor’s. A doctorate is apt for students who are looking into going into academia as a profession.
Every year, students across the world choose to study chemical engineering. Most of these students choose to go foreign countries like the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Japan and Singapore for their education. The reasons for such a move are multifold.
While universities across the world indulge in meting out education in chemical engineering, there are some institutions that have garnered a reputation for being efficient and excellent in their education pertaining to the field:
Most universities conduct entrance exams for admission purposes while others conduct personal interviews, either at the campus or digitally. These interviews or entrance exams usually center around the caliber and interest a student holds for the subject and related topics such as biology, mathematics and physics. A few universities might also mete out admissions on the basis of 12th-grade scores but that is a rarity. Some institutions might require candidates to submit their family’s financial records for the past few years so as to ensure that the student is capable of paying the tuition fees and handle other expenses for the first year. However, most universities do not require any such information and offer plenty of financial aid to the students through means like grants and scholarships. Many universities also offer students the opportunities to gain internships or part-time jobs in related fields so as to ensure practical application of the knowledge acquired in the subject and to help the student handle a part of their expenses, like travel or stationery. Education in the department costs from 20 lakh rupees to around 40 lakh rupees for the first year. Accommodation, transport and stationery costs range up to around 10 lakh rupees for a year. These expenses, of course, are different over the different regions in the world and sometimes, even in different regions of a country.
Chemical engineering as an educational field is extremely prosperous in employment opportunities. Chemical engineers work to create economic methods of the usage of materials and energy for the purposes of human profit. The field is expecting a 4% rise in employment in the coming years. As has been mentioned before, the field is extremely dynamic, constantly having to take into considerations new developments in the world and upgrade and modify designs and projects accordingly. Since education in the field comprises of bookly knowledge of a plethora of topics and subjects and of practical training, chemical engineering students hold skills and caliber for a multitude of professions. It is important to note that students might take on jobs or work freelance, from project to project. Many universities offer on-campus placement drives and job opportunities to their students. Students are required by employers to apply their knowledge and choose optimal plans of design and operation that would ensure an efficient and economical execution of the required chemical processes. They are also required to assess tools and equipment integral to the process and suggest ways to use them in an efficient manner. Some of the fields available to chemical engineering students are:
Hence, the field of chemical engineering holds great promise both as an educational area and professional spectrum.
One of the most prosperous developed countries in the world, New Zealand is a group of islands located near Australia.The country boasts of an extremely diverse population and its economy is flourishing, varying from extraction industries and tourism to innovation, infrastructure and technological industries.
New Zealand is home to a multitude of universities and colleges providing tertiary education across all fields to students from all over the world. Engineering, law, business, horticulture, agriculture, architecture, language, literature, social sciences, information technology, computing and banking are some of the numerous subjects taught throughout the country by institutes of international esteem. Some of the best universities in New Zealand are:
These educational centers provide studies at the under-graduate, post-graduate and doctorate levels. Universities in New Zealand also mete out vocational and distance education. Moreover, many institutions provide learning programs, certificate courses and job-oriented training. While the government provides subsidies in education for local students, no such subsidies are available for international students.
New Zealand cities like Auckland and Wellington are international centers of commerce, business and arts. The prosperity and growth opportunities further mark NZ’s spot as a major student destination.
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