Computers have become the daily parts of our busy lives as they have transformed the society up to a great extent. For scientific researches and daily works, computers have not only revolutionized the old system but have also created new opportunities in different fields regarding how the information will be processed to give valuable data to a user. Computer science basically involves the study and research of the certain predefined set of rules that are necessary for automatic processes and to manipulate data according to the need. This also involves, for example, creating protocols for efficient search of large heaps of data or securing data so that it can be transferred safely over a path between a source and destination. Computer research helps scientists to use computer algorithms effectively and efficiently that have different sets to tell computer what process to execute.
Some computer programs are very tough and need complex algos, computer research scientists try to ease these instructions in order to run the computers efficiently. The algorithm became the base for upgradation in various types of technologies such as machine learning and big data. Computer researcher also works with electronic engineers and computer hardware engineers to work on projects of different disciplines.
There are basically four stages to get involved in this stream of research. In order to get a bachelor degree in computer science (research) one need to have science subjects with mathematics in the intermediate class of the school. The first stage i.e. the bachelor's degree is 4 year course program that help an individual to get admitted to the masters degree stage i.e. the second stage of this computer research stream. As masters’ is done for specialization in particular areas of the computer, one needs to make a final year project on the desired subject to get admitted to a reputed interview.
Some institutions require an overall minimum 6 CGPA to study masters’ in a specific subject. Most of the computer and information researchers have a bachelor's degree with a major in streams like computer science, information technology and/or software development. After a graduating in a 4 year program and specializing in a particular field of computer during masters’ degree, computer researchers earn a Ph.D. in computer science which again require an overall CGPA 6 with references from the university which can be earned through the major projects on computer research.
According to the various reports, jobs in the field of computer research is estimated to grow by 19 percent over the next decade, that is much better than the overall mean for all opportunities. Research and development work of computer and data research experts convert ideas into industry leading technology with unique formats
Types of degrees
There are 4 types of degrees in the Computer research:
The associate degree in the area of Computer Research, an individual studies courses that help to prepare the candidate for entry-level jobs in the computer field, and one can easily earn this degree in less than two years. These associate degrees are mostly offered technical community colleges and schools. The main focus of this degree is to make individuals skilled in computers so that they work as web developers and computer technicians (mainly support technicians).
The bachelor’s degree in stream of Computers Research with various technologies prepare students for a various high reputed job opportunities as well as study in reputed universities for higher degrees. Mostly bachelor’s degree in this stream provides the opportunity to choose a special field for specialization. For example, one can enroll himself in various streams like bachelor’s degree in computer engineering with information systems, pure computer science and data technology.
The master’s degree in Computer Research, prepare students to do research or migrate to mentorship roles in this area. Students basically admit themselves to master’s degree courses after completing their bachelor’s degree in a related area, because Computer and Technology meet in different areas, some of them are mentioned below which belong from the common stream of Computer Research.
Doctoral degrees are generally done by the students who want to make an academic career in the research works of computer and its related streams. It includes working on a specific part of computer technologies with publishing the research papers on the same.
There are many universities around the globe that provide quality education and help students to carry out their research in their desired streams. The top 5 universities and institutes for computer research are as follows:
Stanford University, United States
$17,000 for Undergraduate
$22,500 for Masters
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
$14,300 for Undergraduate
$ 17,000 for Masters
University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
$15,800 for Undergraduate
$ 19,000 for Masters
University of Oxford, United Kingdom
$17,100 for Undergraduate
$ 21,000 for Masters
Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
$15,000 for Undergraduate
$ 18,200 for Masters
Demand is increasing due to which better technology grows and demands for computer experts grow consequently. There is a rapid growth in information collection by firms which lead to an increased need for data-mining jobs.
Computer experts in the future will need to develop algorithms that help industries make sense of very large amount of information and unprocessed data. In today’s world, due to vast amount of data, emphasis on cyber security is increasing day by day which will lead to new jobs and services, because computer experts are needed to find creative ways to counter cyber threats. A rise in the demand of software may increase the need for more scientists for creating new programming languages to make software writing more effective.
Job position & Job Description
Computer and Data System Manager are sometimes called Information technology experts as they plan, cooperate, with direct computer related activities in an industry. These experts help determine the different data technology aims of an industry as they are responsible for implementing system to meet these aims.
These people actually have many different roles in a industry ranging from research and development to testing computer system.
A network architect establishes connections such as local area and wide area network across a city. These networks can range from office to office or across a city. Intranet is also covered by architects of network.
Programmers generally turn the program designs created by software developers into step wise instructions so that a computer can follow up during process execution
They use specialized softwares to maintain the database of an organization so that large amount of data can be found easily while searching. They mostly work on Oracle software to maintain the database.
A analyst analyze the various security situations to protect the sovereignty of different computer networks and systems in an organization. They have the responsibility to maintain various protocols as the number of cyber attacks is increasing day by day.
Computer network form a very critical part of almost every industry. They coordinate networks between different system and reserve final decision to create a network between two devices.
A software developer is the brightest and innovative mind behind working of computer protocols. They develop the software so that user can to do unique tasks on a computer system or other similar devices. A software developer creates underlying systems that run the devices to control different network.
They are responsible for visible features of the site. They are also responsible for the technical aspects of the website, such as its performance and capacity, which are used for the evaluation of a website's speed and how much visitors can be handled. Also, web developers can create content for the website.
Top executives are the people in an industry that decide strategic policies to ensure that an industry meets its aims time to time. They plan to coordinate operational activities of different departments of the company.
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