Counseling is a branch of psychology that focuses on personal and interpersonal functioning across the lifespan of an individual and on emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental and organizational concerns. A counseling program aims to equip students with knowledge, skills, attitude and professionalism to practice counseling in a wide range of area with high level of competence and compassion. It also creates outreach programs to create awareness on wellness and mental health.
The word 'counseling' is of American origin and it was coined by Rogers. During the 19th century, the basic form of counseling was given in the form of advice and information as treatment to emotional problems. In 1896, Sigmund Freud introduced 'psychoanalysis' which is a form of therapy that focuses on a person’s unconscious and belief that mental illness is the result of repressed memories and emotions.
Counseling emerged as an applied specialty by the American Psychological Association (APA) in the 1940s. The two main organizations that are considered in the formation and development of counseling psychology are the Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP) of the APA and the Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP).
In recent times, counseling psychology as a profession has expanded and is now represented in countries around the world.
Counseling as a career has evolved around the years due to the major problems faced in the society. Due to peer pressure, competition, societal pressure etc every individual face some kind of emotional or mental issues. Counseling helps individuals deal with problems which they face in their day to day life. It deals with the personal and inter-personal problems which any individual faces.
The main objective of counseling is as follows:
In recent times counseling is required to solve a variety of social problems. It is necessary in different areas like Juvenile delinquency, Marriage, Weaker sections, Disadvantaged groups, Drug addiction etc. Scope of counseling is very vast as it is concerned with various problems and progress of an individual for example the planning relating to financial and health problems, problems related to family, society and emotional adjustments.
Types of Degrees
There are various types of degrees for students to opt for in counseling. Some of the most common types of degree are as follows:
Apart from the above mentioned common types of degrees, interested students can also study other types of degrees such as Debt counseling, Child development counseling, Eating disorder therapy, Grief counseling, Art therapy and Musical therapy.
Here is a list of colleges for studying counseling courses abroad:
The fee structure for a Counseling course varies as per the degree and the university selected. However, the fee structures of some of the top universities are as follows:
Stanford University: The annual fee for a full time program is $69,109 for all students regardless of their residency. The fee break up includes $48,987 for tuition, $15,112 room and board, $1,455 for books and supplies and $630 for other fees.
Harvard University: The estimated fee cost of Harvard College without financial aid is $45,278 for tuition and $60,659 for tuition, room, board and other fees combined.
Princeton University: For the undergraduate for the year 2019-2020 the estimated tuition & fees at Princeton University is $53,757.
Yale University: The undergraduate 2018-2019 estimated tuition & fees at Yale University is $53,395.
The fee structures mentioned above are estimation and the above fee structure is subject to change depending on the university, degree etc.
Counselors are trained to help people and individuals who are struggling with variety of problems in their lives from marital or family difficulties to career or financial issues.
Hence, the following career prospects are available for counselors:
These are some of the most common career opportunities available for students who have a degree in counseling.
Job Position and Job Description
Below are some job options or positions available for individuals with a degree in counseling:
A counselor has the following duties and responsibilities to perform:
Did you know, over 37 Australian universities have made it to the 2018 QS list of top universities in the world? The Australian education system offers quality education combined with great employer and industry reputation.
The primary and secondary level of education in Australia is no different than the other countries since it sets up the basic concepts of knowledge in the mind of young. What makes a difference is the tertiary education programme in Australia.
Australia has around 43 universities and in order to keep in check the working of these universities the Australian government has initiated programmes such as:
• The Australian Qualification Framework (AQF) established in 1995 as a national policy for tertiary education in Australia.
• The Tertiary Education Quality and Standard Agency (TEQSA) which monitors the quality standards of higher education in Australia.
The top quality institutions in Australia offer a variety of courses. The best courses to study are:
Some of the globally renowned institutes and universities of Australia are:
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