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2 Universities related to Forestry found in New Zealand

1-2 of 2
Campus - christchurch, New Zealand
University Rank - #4
Address - 20 Kirkwood Ave, Upper Riccarton, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand
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Campus - rotorua, New Zealand
University Rank - #21
Address - Waipa State Mill Rd, Whakarewarewa, Rotorua 3074, New Zealand
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About Forestry

                        Forests provide a plethora of invaluable economic, social and environmental benefits and act as Carbon-sinks in the modern world of pollution. With the growing importance and necessity of environmental protection all over the world, the academia sector is now emphasizing on education in the field of natural resources. As a result, courses in Forestry have emerged to be a well-sought after since the recent past.

About Forestry

                        Forestry is defined as the art, science, and practice of studying, managing, conserving and repairing forests and plantations, and related natural resources. It is a field that includes a broad area of focus such as timber-produce, landscape and community protection, wildlife habitat, fuel-wood, biodiversity management, prevention and protection of forests from negative phenomena like erosion, forest-fires, etc. It also includes Arboriculture, which is the study of individual trees, their management and cultivation. A professional who practises forestry as a career is generally termed as a Forester. There is a wide scope for people skilled in forestry in many of the industrialised nations today, for instance more than a million jobs and about €181 billion of value is added by forestry to the German economy each year. There are also supportive organizations like The Institute of Chartered Foresters (ICF), which is the leading professional body for foresters and arboriculturists in the UK.

Types of Forestry

                        Management of the forest ecosystem is one of the key areas of research under the field of forestry. The field also includes timber-processing, starting from the planting of the tree to the extraction and production of timber.

  • Reforestation: An interesting domain under this area of study is Reforestation. The term reforestation refers to the re-planting of tress in areas where the forests have been depleted due to human intervention and other environmental hazards. The aim to provide or develop suitable conditions for natural tree growth. This process includes practises such as ‘Even-Aged’ forestry in which an area of mature trees are cleared in order to expose the new plantations to sunlight. ‘Uneven-Aged’ forestry is another method whereby trees of varying ages are supported to grow for forest regeneration.
  • Controlled Burn/ Prescription burning: This is a method of controlled burning of forest parts to destroy species that threaten the natural environment.
  • Selective Logging and Reduced Impact Logging: This is the method of removing trees of certain criteria, such as of a particular diameter or height. Reduced Impact Logging ensures that there is greater precaution and care taken to account for issues involved in the cutting and replanting processes.
  • Agroforestry: Agroforestry is the concept of mixing of forestry and agriculture. One of the best examples for this type is forest-farming.
  • Alley cropping: It is the type of agroforestry in which certain crops are grown alongside particular type of tree crop.

Scope of the Forestry Sector

                The sector usually involves a huge swell of technical and haulage activity on a specific woodland area. Various job-roles ranging from the Site-Manager to chainsaw operators are in great demand for professionals with skills in Forestry.

Forestry in Academia abroad

                There is quite a difference between forestry education in India and abroad. In India, forestry education is imparted by agricultural universities and Forest-Research Institutes. In countries like the United States, there are post-secondary courses leading to Bachelor’s Degree and Master’s degree programs accredited by the Society of American Foresters. The Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area govern training in forestry in many European countries. Canada has accredited B.Sc. programs in forestry which is recognised by the Canadian Institute of Forestry. The International Union of Forest Research Organizations is the sole organization at a world level that seeks to coordinate efforts towards the cause worldwide.

Types of Degrees and Study Programs offered

                Some forestry positions do not require a college degree but just the value-added skills in the area. But, many of the present-day careers in forestry do require a professional degree in the subject of minimum 2-years. In the US, Two-year programs offer the foundational courses in Biology, physical sciences and chemistry. Students are also required to have completed their general education in Social Science and Humanities. As for any other field of specialization, forestry also has the Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral or Research Degree programs.

Graduate Certificate in Forestry: Apart from the various online platforms that offer courses in Forestry, certain reputed universities worldwide offer value-added certificate programs in the field of Forestry.

Bachelor’s Level: At the Bachelor’s degree level, apart from ecology, life and physical science, forestry courses may also include management dimensions such as recreation management, ecosystem management and resource management. Some programs offer internship opportunities as well.

Master’s Level: The Master’s level programs are structured to be the predecessor of the Research level programs. Master of Natural Resources and Master of Forestry are professional degrees. Tropical forest ecology, biogeochemistry, aquatic ecology and environmental law are some of the coursework included in this program.

Research: Some of the predominant research areas in the field of forestry are forest ecology, environmental and resource law and policy, Silviculture, environmental management and agroforestry. Certain universities also offer Joint Doctoral Programs, combining two or more specializations like anthropology and environmental biology programs.

Top international universities offering study programs in Forestry

In the United States:

  1. Virginia Tech 
  • Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation under the college of Natural Resources and Environment.
  • One of the top programs in natural resource management in the United States.
  1. North Carolina State University - The Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources.
  • Bachelor’s and Graduate Degree programs
  • Around 54% of students receive school-funding scholarships
  1. University of Florida - School of Forest Resources & Conservation 
  • Since 1937 the School has been a unit of the University of Florida.
  • Undergraduate and graduate education focuses on sustainable, multiple-use management of both bio-physical and socio-economic aspects of natural resources.
  1. Michigan Technological University - School of Forest Resources & Environmental Science
  2. University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources
  3. California Polytecnic State University, NRM Department
  4. Colorado State University, College of Natural Resources

In the United Kingdom:

  1. Oxford University - Oxford Forestry Institute
  2. University of Reading - Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Department
  3. Bangor University - School of the Environment, Natural Resources and Geography (SENRG)
  4. University of Wolverhampton - Centre for Rural Development and Training
  5. University of Edinburgh - School of Forestry
  6. University of Cumbria - National School of Forestry
  7. University of Aberdeen - Department of Forestry
  8. Harper Adams University - Crop and Environment Sciences
  9. University of the Highlands and Islands - Scottish School of Forestry

In Canada:

  1. University of Toronto – Faculty of Forestry
  • The Master of Forest Conservation ; MScF and PhD programs
  1. University of British Columbia - Faculty of Forestry
  2. University of Alberta - Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences
  3. McGill University - Department of Natural Resource Sciences

In Australia:

  1. University of Melbourne - Department of Forest and Ecosystem Science
  2. Australian National University - College of Medicine, Biology and Environment
  3. Southern Cross University - School of Environmental Science and Management 

In Germany:

  1. Technical University of Munich - Faculty of Forestry
  2. University of Hamburg - Department of Wood and Forestry
  3. University of Göttingen - Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology

The Job Outlook

                        What the employers like about this field of study is the ways in which the employee can contribute his knowledge and skills to the concept of forest and environment conservation, aiding agriculture simultaneously. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports, the 2014-2024 employment outlook for forestry careers is not so impressive. Also, as per the reports, the 2014 median annual salary for forestry workers was $27,260, for forestry technicians was $35,260 and for foresters was $57,980. The Degrees in Forestry are mostly taken as foundation degree programs in colleges and there are actually only a few people who go into the full degree of the study. Thus, looking at the perspective of competition level, there is an advantage in this field of career for those going for the higher level programs. There are specialist roles that are offered in the forestry management field every year. Organizations and leading bodies like The Institute of Chartered Foresters (ICF), UK provide platforms for professional learning and collaboration in the field of research, news and issues faced by the sector. In order ensure to the continued growth of this dynamic sector, the ICF is working with both industry and higher education institutes to promote forestry and Arboriculture career paths to young people.

About New Zealand

One of the most prosperous developed countries in the world, New Zealand is a group of islands located near Australia.The country boasts of an extremely diverse population and its economy is flourishing, varying from extraction industries and tourism to innovation, infrastructure and technological industries.

New Zealand is home to a multitude of universities and colleges providing tertiary education across all fields to students from all over the world. Engineering, law, business, horticulture, agriculture, architecture, language, literature, social sciences, information technology, computing and banking are some of the numerous subjects taught throughout the country by institutes of international esteem. Some of the best universities in New Zealand are:

  1. University of Auckland
  2. Victoria University of Wellington
  3. Lincoln University
  4. University of Otago
  5. Auckland University of Technology

These educational centers provide studies at the under-graduate, post-graduate and doctorate levels. Universities in New Zealand also mete out vocational and distance education. Moreover, many institutions provide learning programs, certificate courses and job-oriented training. While the government provides subsidies in education for local students, no such subsidies are available for international students.

New Zealand cities like Auckland and Wellington are international centers of commerce, business and arts. The prosperity and growth opportunities further mark NZ’s spot as a major student destination.

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