Human Resource is one of the most-sought after course internationally. Human Resource generally refers to the department of a business or an organization, that deals with the managerial and operational aspects of the organization, such as hiring, administration, and training of staff. Thus, Human Resource is a broad term that is used for both, management and development of the resources of a company.
To be a part of such a setup that includes development and management of an organization, human resources management, industrial relations, employee relations, research, consultancy and policy development, then one needs to have a degree in human resource management. The degree here plays a key role as it induces the art of incorporating people and hones developmental skills of the students, who will be the future human resource professionals. Therefore, those seeking to make careers in any of these such as HR manager, Human resource generalist, Employment services manager, Compensation and job analysis specialist, Training and development manager or Recruiter, Benefits counselor, Personnel analyst, etc ought to have a degree to validate their credibility for human resource professional positions.
What is Human Resource Management?
Since human resource management comprises of both the management and development aspects of an organization, so it focuses on the following tasks.
- Recruiting and staffing
- Compensation and benefits
- Training and learning
- Labor and employee relations
- Organization development
Types of Human Resource Courses Offered Abroad
A human resource specialization and management courses could be of the following types, depending on the country, university course structure and course duration.
- Graduate Certificate or Grad Cert HRM- 1 semester
- Graduate Diploma or Grad Dip HRM- 1 year
- Master’s Degree or MHRM- 2 years
- Masters of Arts MA HRM- 2 years
- Masters of Science MSc HRM- 2 years- 2 years
- Masters of Business Administration with specialization in Human Resources or MBA HRM- 2 years
- Postgraduate diploma PGDip HRM- 1.5-2 years
- Executive Masters ExAM HRM- 2 years
- PhD- up to 4 years maximum
Degrees Offered in the Human Resource Department
Most of the human resource courses aim towards aligning organizational purposes, employee management, recruitment and developmental processes, personnel properties, employee concerns, acquisition, orientation programs, employee value proposition (EVP), etc. The program structure usually focuses on Human Resources, Organizational Behavior, International and Comparative Labor, Labor Relations, Law and History, HR planning, staffing, training and development, performance management, remuneration, and complete a specialized unit that covers analytics and decision-making, etc.
- Graduate Certificate in Human Resource Management- It is professional 1- semester long qualification that includes 24 credit points. It is meant for those seeking to find jobs as human resources, requiring operational, management and decision-making skills.
- Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Management- It is full-time 1 year course that prepares students for entry-level management positions in the industry or governments, by giving skills and knowledge about Human Resource and Industrial Relations. It generally requires a bachelor's degree, or an equivalent or higher qualification, English language proficiency test such as IELTS Academic or TOEFL, with an overall score of 6.5 and above.
- Master of Business Administration in Human Resource Management- It is a full-time 2 years long MBA course that deals with Human Resource Management as a specialization. THE MBA-HRM course teaches general management skills, functional skills as well as specialist skills for the MBA graduate to use when they enter managerial or crucial organizational positions.
- Master of Human Resource Management- It is a 1.5 to 2 years long course, that prepares students for management, general management, human resource and organizational development careers. The course address HR management issues and complexities and prepares aspiring Human Resource professionals by teaching and honing their skills, both in theory and in practicality.
- Ph.D or Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial Relations and Human Resources- It is a PhD course that can stretch upto about 4 years. It is meant for students aiming to make an academic career in field of human resources and industrial relations, that involves study and research of organizations, human resources and labor relations.It includes Human Resource Studies, International and Comparative Labor, Labor Relations, Law, and History, Organizational Behavior, Social Statistics and Labor Economics as areas of emphasis.
Top universities for Human Resource Courses Abroad
The list of the leading educational institutions in the subject of human resource and management are-
- Cornell University, United States of America
- La Trobe University, Australia
- Leeds University, United Kingdom
- New York Institute of Technology, United States of America
- Murdoch University, Australia
- University of Michigan, United States of America
- Glasgow University, United Kingdom
- Texas State University, United States of America
- Massey University, New Zealand
- Pace University, United States of America
- University of Technology Sydney, Australia
- University of Texas, Austin, United States of America
- University of Boston, United States of America
- Flinders University, Australia
- University of Sydney, Australia
- University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
- University of Toronto, Canada
- Queen’s University, Canada
- University of Manitoba, Canada
- Singapore MAnagement University, Singapore
Human Resource Management Courses Abroad
The leading Human Resource courses abroad are as follows-
- La Trobe University’s Masters of Human Resource Management
- Cornell University’s Master of Science (M.S)/Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Industrial and Labor Relations, Master of Industrial and Labor Relations M.I.L.R./MBA - Master of Business Administration, Master of Industrial and Labor Relations and MBA - Master of Business Administrations and Executive Master of Human Resource Management
- Boston University’s Master of Science in Human Resources Management
- Murdoch University’s Human Resource Management graduate diploma, graduate certificate and masters course.
- University of Glasgow’s Master of Science in Equality and Human Rights, Master of Science in Management in Human Resource and Master of Science in International Human Resource Management and Development.
- University of Toronto’s Master of Industrial Relations and Human Resources and Ph.D - Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial Relations and Human Resources
- Flinders University Master’s of Business, Human Resource Management
- Leeds University, UK’s PG course in Work and Employment Relations and Masters of Arts in Human Resource Management
- University of Sydney Graduate Diploma and Masters in Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations
- University of Technology Sydney Master of Business Administration in Human Resource Management
- Massey University, New Zealand’s Master of Business Studies and Human Resource Management and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Human Resource Management
- University of Sheffield’s Master of Science in Human Resource Management
- University of Wollongong, Australia’s Master of Business (Human Resource Management)
- Queen’s University’s Master of Industrial Relations
- Singapore Management University PhD - Doctor of Philosophy in Business (Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources)
Job Opportunities for Human Resource Management Graduates and Postgraduates
As per a survey on HRM graduates, it was found that over 76.3% received employment, whereas a meagre of 6% were unemployed. Moreover, it was found that over 10.2% of the graduate opted for further studies, while about 4% chose to study and work simultaneously. From the survey, it was also concluded that those who preferred to work, 46% of those who choose to work were in Business, HR and financial areas, 18.5% ere secretary and numerical clerks, whereas about 6 % of them were managers and over 9.5% were in retail departments.
Therefore, for Human Resource graduates who wish to opt for higher studies have a sea of courses to choose from, be it MA, MSc or MBA courses, whereas the human resources postgraduates can pursue PhD courses and research studies in the same.
For those Human Resource graduates, postgraduates and MBA graduates,looking for job opportunities, managerial, Operational,General management positions, etc are a few of the several options. The designated jobs that HRM graduates get absorbed into are as follows-
- Human Resource Recruiters
- Human Resource Managers
- Industrial Relations Manager
- Human Resources Manager
- Employee Relations Manager
- Office manager
- Operational researcher
- Recruitment consultant
- Risk manager
- Occupational psychologist
- Training and development officer
- Compensation or Benefit Analyst and/or Manager
- HR Information Systems Manager
- Business adviser
- Life coach
- Management consultant
- Sales executive
- Trade union research officer
- Training and Development Manager
- Labor Relations Manager
- Careers adviser
- Data scientist
- Higher education lecturer
According to Payscale.com, the general salary for a human resource graduate in the United States of America is about $52,130, with the salary range being $39,543 - $69,189. The leading employers for Human Resource graduates in America for Administrative Assistant
Consultant, Human Resources (HR), Director of Human Resources (HR), Director of Operating, Human Resources (HR) Administrator, Assistant, Coordinator, Manager and Specialist and Office Manager are as follows-
- First Service
- Advantage Logistics
- Home Depot
- Cit Group
- Good Will
- The Boeing
For all students who believe that they possess strong interpersonal skills and want to make a career in human resource development, management, industrial relations, employee relations, Labor relations, managerial and general managerial positions, then the go-to course is Human Resource management. For the same, several universities in United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Singapore, etc offer a plethora of courses, ranging from diploma and certificate courses to Masters, MBA and PhD courses along with bright employment opportunities.