With science developing constantly, the conventional departments of this field are constantly being departmentalized with new domains and subdomains. Previously biology was limited to zoology and botany. Now another domain has come up under this- Microbiology. There are organisms all around us. These organisms are not visible to our naked eyes and can be just viewed under a microscope. It is important to know about them as they bring out changes in our body and the things around us. Microbiology is a discipline to study this microscopic organism such as bacteria and virus and how they respond to the environment.
What is Microbiology?
Microbiology is the analysis of the microorganism present around us. These microbes have properties that act as a catalyst to bring about the biological and chemical changes in the things around us. There are bacteria involved which cause the curdling of milk and also decomposition of a dead body. The discipline of microbiology leads to the study and research of these microbes to bring about innovations in the field of health and technology
To be certified as a microbiologist, you need to come from a science background. To get into college, you made exceptional grades in chemistry and biology. A Bachelors of Science in microbiology is the basic requirement for entering into the field. If you want to have a specialization and carry out independent research projects as a microbiologist, then you need to have a master’s degree of specialization followed by a PhD.
Types of degree
A bachelor’s of science degree in microbiology is given at the undergraduate level. A master’s degree in microbiology is given on the specialized subject in microbiology. For independent research and entering academia, PhD and post-doctoral degrees are also granted in microbiology.
The most popular majors in bachelors programme in microbiology are:
Specialized 2 years master and PhD are given on these specialized core subjects:
The career scope as a microbiologist is immensely growing with the need for innovation in the Stem field.
After a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree in microbiology students may choose to enter the market and work. As a microbiologist, you can work in hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, agricultural organisations, food organisations, and an international organization such as WHO or FAO. Forensics is another field where you can enter as a microbiologist.
With a PhD or a postdoctoral degree, you can get into academia and be a lecturer at universities. You may also become eligible to carry out independent research for private companies or the government.
Getting a quality education in microbiology is crucial to enter the job market or take up research. Microbiology as a career became noticeable very recently, and only a handful of universities in the world provide the best classroom teaching with hands-on research work. These 20 universities are known for providing excellent education in microbiology. They also have the reputation of global research centers with huge volumes of research publications. These universities have collaboration with the government and many international organisations. Here is a list of 20 best universities for studying microbiology:
1. Harvard University (United States)
2. University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
3. University of Washington (United States)
4. Rockefeller University (United States)
5. University of California–San Francisco (United States)
6. Duke University (United States)
7. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
8. University of Wisconsin–Madison (United States)
9. Johns Hopkins University (United States)
10. Washington University in St. Louis (United States)
Microbiologists work in the labs and conduct intense research projects to bring about innovations to combat an illness. They also test the accuracy of those clinical researches. They also analyze the behavior of different microorganisms in different environments. Their reports help many government and private organisations to prepare new policies in the food and health sector.
Here are the possible careers and their profiles; you can have as a microbiologist:
With the growth and the requirement of qualified professionals in the stem field, the jobs in microbiology are increasing. The job market in microbiology demands highly qualified professionals.
The average annual salary obtained by microbiologist is $65000 dollars. The highest salary is earned by microbiologist hired by the government which is $101200 annually
Here are specific job profiles in microbiology
They take up independent projects in the labs with other scientists as an assistant
This microbiologist work extensively in the food and agricultural industry to check the efficiency and quality of the food products made. They also check the soil quality and the microbes present in the soil to improve soil fertility
This is an upcoming field. With environmental degradation, these microbiologist's are hired to study an area. They report the pollution created and how it has led to the contamination if natural resources. They also study bacteria’s present in industrial waste which leads to health hazards. They also help in policy making
Quality Assurance Technologists
They are most hired by private firms to test the products and assure it quality and the accuracy of the result
Sales or Technical Representative
These microbiologists are working in private industries to analyze the quality of products and how they affect the sales. They also provide technical assistance in the manufacturing of the product.
Clinical and Veterinary Microbiologists
They work in hospital labs to check the stools, blood, urine sample of the patients or animals brought in the clinic. This helps them to create a prognosis of the disease.
They work mainly in the hospital labs to analyze a sample of body fluids and stools to understand the predicament of the disease
They study the behavior of the microbes present in the environment. They also study the cell growth of these organism and their responses when present in a host body
Scientific Laboratory Technician
These people have the technical skills to assist in the laboratory projects when experiments being conducted.
Canada, ranked amongst the top 10 countries of the world by United Nations, is known for its eminent education, excellent institutions and quality of life. It has the top institutions and universities which provide excellent education to students from all over the world, thereby becoming one of the top choices for studying abroad.
A number of Canadian Institutes provide exchange programs for its students, all over the globe, which gives them the right exposure and a great experience to learn and develop as an individual. Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta and Quebec are the top hubs for education in Canada where a number of international students prefer.
The country spends a lot on providing the best education to its students. Various undergraduate degrees, postgraduate courses, diploma, advanced diploma, etc. are being provided in most of the Canadian Universities.University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, University of Alberta, University of Waterloo and York University are counted among the best universities in Canada.
Canada can be a great choice for students planning to pursue higher degrees of education because of the high standards and lower cost of living. The universities provide excellent infrastructure and facilities, which makes it a highly favored study abroad destination.
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