Social sciences refer to the scientific study of human society and related social relationships. In simple words, it is a category of academic disciplines which is concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. The social sciences include to anthropology, archaeology, economics, history, communication studies, human geography, political science, psychology, public health, jurisprudence, linguistics, and sociology. The term may also be sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of sociology, the original "science of society", established in the 19th century. Positivist social scientists use methods approaching those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and so define science in its firmer contemporary sense. Interpretive social scientists, by contrast, may use symbolic interpretation or social critique rather than constructing empirically falsifiable theories, and thus treat science in its wider sense. In current academic practice, researchers are often diverse, using multiple methodologies (for example, by conjoining both quantitative and qualitative research). The term "social research" has also developed a degree of autonomy as practitioners from various disciplines share in its goals and means.
Social science disciplines are divisions and subdivisions of its knowledge of sub-fields imparted and researched at the college or university level. The different branches of social sciences include Anthropology, Area studies, Business studies, Civics, Communication studies, Criminology, Demography, Development studies, Ecology, Economics, Education, Environmental studies, Gender studies, Geography, History, Industrial relations, Information science, Law, Library science, Linguistics, Media studies, Oceanography, Paleontology, Political science, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Social work, Sustainable development, etc. Anthropology is a science of the totality of human existence, Communication studies deals with processes of human communication, Economics seeks to analyze and describe the production, distribution, and consumption of wealth, Geography is the study of all that lies above the earth's surface, History is the continuous, systematic narrative and research into past human events, Linguistics investigates the cognitive and social aspects of human language, Psychology is the study of behavior and mental processes and Sociology is the systematic study of society, individuals' relationship to their societies.
Social Sciences are a field often ignored in India when it comes to quality education in terms of international standards. Different countries work differently on the development of social Sciences. There are particular countries which teach a particular sub-branch of Social Science the best, like the best countries to study psychology include Italy, France and Australia, for studying anthropology include United Kingdom and United States of America, for studying geology are Australia, Canada and Germany, for studying Paleontology includes United States of America, for studying Communication include England, Italy and Spain, and for studying economics include United Kingdom, Japan and France. Another benefit to studying abroad is the opportunity to discover oneself while gaining an understanding of different cultures. Being in a new place by oneself can be overpowering at times, yet it tests one’s ability to adapt to varied situations while being able to problem solve. One can explore a new country at the same time as one picks up the international skills to gain a decent graduate job. Social science cannot exist without communication and studying abroad implies living in a strange place helps one brush one’s communication skills. Starting with the undergraduate courses, many basic courses are available in many universities around the globe but different regions provide specific courses as well. Some common undergraduate degrees courses of social sciences include Social Science (Honors), Government and Social Science, Anthropology, Cultural Studies, Political Science (Honors), Development Studies, Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Social welfare, Global International Relations, Social Work and Social Administration, Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Human Development and Family Science, etc. An undergraduate degree may include either a Bachelor’s in Arts or a Bachelor’s in Science in the field of social sciences but the latter is preferred more.
Some common courses on which a Bachelor’s degree is available are of Law with Government and Politics by The University of Law Undergraduate Programmes, Social Pathology and Prevention by University of Hradec Kralove, Social Pathology and Prevention by University of Hradec Kralove, Political Science and Public Administration by University of Southern Indiana, Political Science by Bar-Lain University, Psychology by Wabash College, and Politics by Ohio Wesleyan University, Social Sciences in Sustainability, Technology, and Society by Centennial College for a term of 3 years; Asian Studies by Hope College, Human and Social Issues Studies by University of Hearst, Forensic Psychology by Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, Sociology/ Social Work by Hope College and Global Liberal Arts by Ritsumeikan University for a period of 4 years. There are courses of mass communication and journalism popular among masses as well. Some common courses on which a Bachelor’s degree in communication available are of Accounting with Communication Studies and Business Management with Communication Studies by University of Buckingham for a period of 2 years; Creative Writing and Film and Television Studies by Aberystwyth University and Communication (Expressive Arts) by Massey University for a period of 3 years; Communication Design by Robert Gordon University for a period of 4 years, etc.
A Master’s degree preferably is a kind of specialization on the stream or sub-stream chosen during the undergraduate course. But in the case of social science it may include interdisciplinary courses as well. Some courses on which a Master’s degree of social sciences can be available are of Area studies, Cultural Studies, Development Studies, Gender Studies, International Affairs and Governance, European Studies - Governance and Regulation, Women's Studies, Conflict and Dispute Resolution, Social Work, Clinical Psychology, International Relations and Diplomacy, School Counseling, etc. Some universities are famous for providing certain courses for a Master's degree such as a course in Clinical Psychology by Michigan University, Political Marketing by Rome School of Business, and International Relations and Diplomacy (MIR) by The International University in Geneva for a period of 1 year; Social Work at Kennesaw University, Conflict and Dispute Resolution (CRES) by University of Oregon School Of Law, Sociology, Specialization Intercultural Mediation by University of Wroclaw, Philanthropy and Development by Lagrange College, and Global Human Development by Georgetown University for a period of 2 years.
A Doctor of Philosophy degree is generally the highest level of degree that a scholar can receive, though certain scholars even do post-doctoral research. This program requires extensive studying, research, and hard work while lasting from as short as 3 years to as long as 5 years. The degree focuses on the convoluted social relationships of human society. Students may study subjects in an interdisciplinary sense as well like concerning human society as a whole, such as economics or politics. Program participants can receive practical experience while grasping the basic concepts of social sciences. Scholars who earn a PhD in Social Sciences can become influential representatives as well as active listeners who are aware of public issues. They would definitely have gained communication skills, which would benefit them in all aspects of their lives. The price of earning or the stipend provide of a Doctor of Philosophy degree can differ depending on the program, location, and school type. Some popular scholarships for a PhD abroad include Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme for International Students George Washington University Global Leaders Fellowship, DAAD Scholarships in Germany for Development-Related Postgraduate Courses, Scuola Normale Superiore PhD Scholarships in Italy, etc.
According to QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, the top universities for Social Sciences and Management Worldwide are Harvard University, University of Oxford, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), University of Cambridge, Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and University of California, Berkeley (UCB), in order. Studying abroad is fascinating and resourceful but is equally expensive. In order to afford the tuition fees, accommodation fees, and other fees, students seek scholarships. Some popular scholarships for undergraduate courses under this stream include Emile Boutmy Scholarships for Non-EU Students, ENS International Selection Scholarships, Japanese Government Scholarships for International Undergraduate Students, Australia Awards Scholarships, WMF Empowerment Through Education Scholarships for Developing Country Students, to name a few. University Presidential Scholarship, Merit Scholarships For Undergraduate Students, etc. For post-graduation degrees in streams as mentioned above popular scholarships include Chevening Scholarship, Heinrich Böll Foundation Master's Scholarship, University Of Alberta Scholarships, VLIR-UOS Training and Masters Scholarships in Belgium, Radboud Scholarship Programme for International Students, ENS International Selection Scholarships, ETH Zurich Excellence Masters Scholarships, UNIL Master’s Grants in Switzerland for Foreign Students, UWE Millennium Scholarship for International Students, Civil Society Leadership Awards, Commonwealth Shared Scholarship Scheme at UK Universities and IOE Centenary Masters Scholarships.
The job or future opportunities of social sciences are as varied as its various fields. With a degree in a stream of social science the jobs available are of an Advice Worker, Civil Service Careers, Charity Officer, Community Development Worker, Community Education Officer, Equality and Diversity Officer, Family Support Worker, Housing Officer, Human Resources Officer, Immigration, Customs and Border Roles, Intelligence Analyst, International Aid/Development Worker, Advice Worker, Civil Service Careers, Charity Officer, Community Development Worker, Community Education Officer, Equality and Diversity Officer, Family Support Worker, Housing Officer, Human Resources Officer, Immigration, Customs and Border Roles, Intelligence Analyst, International Aid/Development Worker and many more.
One of the most prosperous developed countries in the world, New Zealand is a group of islands located near Australia.The country boasts of an extremely diverse population and its economy is flourishing, varying from extraction industries and tourism to innovation, infrastructure and technological industries.
New Zealand is home to a multitude of universities and colleges providing tertiary education across all fields to students from all over the world. Engineering, law, business, horticulture, agriculture, architecture, language, literature, social sciences, information technology, computing and banking are some of the numerous subjects taught throughout the country by institutes of international esteem. Some of the best universities in New Zealand are:
These educational centers provide studies at the under-graduate, post-graduate and doctorate levels. Universities in New Zealand also mete out vocational and distance education. Moreover, many institutions provide learning programs, certificate courses and job-oriented training. While the government provides subsidies in education for local students, no such subsidies are available for international students.
New Zealand cities like Auckland and Wellington are international centers of commerce, business and arts. The prosperity and growth opportunities further mark NZ’s spot as a major student destination.
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