A Guide to GMAT Pattern and Syllabus (Updated 2019)


GMAT or Graduate Management Admission Test is a basic entrance test that student needs to clear to get admitted into a graduate management program such as MBA. This particular admission test is meant so that the admissions board of the institution can assess certain analytical skills, writing skills. quantitative knowledge and reading skills as well as writing skills in English. This test is not designed to measure the business knowledge or the intelligence of the candidate but it requires knowledge in English grammar and basic algebra and geometry and arithmetic concepts. Read here to know about the best tips to prepare for GMAT.

Why is GMAT Syllabus and Pattern Important?

Following are five reasons explaining the importance of GMAT

2.Many best programs require a decent  GMAT score for admission
3. More than 5,900 graduate management programs global consider GMAT as the most reliable predictor of success.
4. GMAT will open doors of pursuing a masters program in your dream college.
5. Many reputed universities rely on GMAT for admitting the best candidates.
Having learned so much regarding the GMAT and its importance let us now look at the syllabus covered by this admission test.

GMAT Syllabus and Format 2019

As it was mentioned earlier GMAT is a computer adaptive admission test that is designed to have a clearer picture of an applicant’s potential and by helping the admissions committee to decide whether the candidate is apt for their university or not. This admission test will test various parameters set a reminder candidate’s expertise in various areas. This Admission test is  divided into 4 sections:

1. Analytical writing assessment

This section requires the candidate to find out the reasoning behind an argument. Thus assess candidate’s ability to think critically.

2. Integrated reasoning section

The aim to evaluate a candidate’s analytical skills to solve a complicated problem.

3. Quantitative section

This section is mathematical in nature to check the ability of a candidate to asses the given data systematically.

4. Verbal section

Multiple choice question based on reading comprehension and critical reasoning questions are part of verbal section.

Each candidate appearing for this exam will be given three and a half hours to complete all these four sections.

GMAT Paper Pattern

For your better understanding here is a tabular representation of the GMAT examination pattern.
GMAT Test SectionNumber of QuestionsQuestion TypesTiming
Analytical Writing Assessment1 TopicAnalysis of Argument30 Minutes
Integrated Reasoning12 QuestionsMulti-Source Reasoning
Graphics Interpretation
Two-Two Part Analysis
Table Analysis
30 Minutes
Quantitative37 QuestionsData Sufficiency
Problem Solving
75 Minutes
Verbal41 QuestionsReading Comprehension
Critical Reasoning
Sentence Correction
75 Minutes
Total Exam Time3hrs, 30 minutes

 GMAT Test Format

 Here is a detailed description of the GMAT test pattern:

SECTION 1: Analytical Writing Assessment.

This is the first section of the GMAT examination which is designed to examine the analytical skills of the candidate. As per the GMAT syllabus, this section is meant to test the candidate’s ability to think critically. This section requires the candidate to find out the reasoning behind an argument and write a critique of the same and present his viewpoint by using appropriate examples and explain the answer so as to make it convincing. It is also important to make use of right grammar while presenting the answer.

In this section of analytical writing assessment, the score is measured on a six points scale. In this section, the essay is given two independent ratings and then an average of it is considered.

SECTION 2: The Integrated Reasoning

The section aims to evaluate a candidate analytical skills to solve a complicated problem. This section was introduced in June 2012. This section has 12 questions with has the be answered within 30 minutes. In this section, the candidate is given data in various forms and the candidate has to handle the data and pick up the information that is relevant and choose the right answer to each of the questions. Multiple choice answers are given to the candidates and a candidate has to choose the right option.
The section has four different types of questions
  1. Table Analysis
  2. Graphics Interpretation
  3. Multi-source Reasoning
  4. Two-part Analysis

Table Analysis

The candidates are provided with lots of information in a tabular format and the candidates are expected to choose the right answers from the multiple statements to answer.

Graphics Interpretation

In this section, the candidate is provided with a graph or graphical image and is expected to interpret the graph and complete the statements but using one of the options

Multi-source Reasoning

In this section, the candidate has to get information from various types of information provided to choose right options from the multiple choice options.

Two-part Analysis

In this part, the candidate is provided with choices and has to choose right option and fill the answers in a table form which has two components.

SECTION 3: Quantitative section

Image result for quantitative section in gre


This is a test part of this admission test that tests the ability of a candidate asses the given data systematically. A candidate has to attempt 37 questions within 75 minutes to complete the section. Here the mathematical skills of the candidate are put to test. Basic arithmetics, algebra, and geometry are involved in the section. This section again have two categories
  1. Data sufficiency questions
  2. Problem-solving question

Data Sufficiency Questions

In this, the ability to assess data systematically of candidates are tested. The candidate has to use logical and analytic skills combined with quantitative knowledge to check what data is required for suffice the answer.

Click here to get a Guide to GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions

Problem-Solving Questions

In this part of the section, the quantitative skill of a candidate to solve a problem using mathematical concepts is tested. In this particular section, the number of problems solving questions is greater in number.

GMAT Quantitative Syllabus and GMAT Maths Syllabus

  1. Maths Formulas List
  2. Integers
  3. Decimals
  4. Fractions
  5. Number properties
  6. Order of operations
  7. Percentage
  8. Ratio and proportion
  9. Profit and loss
  10. Simple and compound interest
  11. Speed, distance and time
  12. Permutation & combination
  13. Linear equations
  14. Quadratic equations
  15. Sets Theory
  16. Statistics: Average, Median, Mode, Range, Standard deviation
  17. Powers and roots
  18. Probability
  19. Pipes, cisterns, work, time
  20. Lines and angles
  21. Triangles
  22. Polygon
  23. Quadrilateral
  24. Circles
  25. Co-ordinate geometry
  26. Volume and surface area

SECTION 4: Verbal Section

The candidate all together has 75 minutes to answer 41 multiple choice questions in the verbal section of the GMAT examination. Questions in this section is divided into categories such as
  1. Reading comprehension
    There will usually be four RC passages on the GMAT, but you might see three or five on your test. Each passage will have three or four questions attached to it, which makes for an average of 16 questions that you’ll have to answer. So, about one-third of the Verbal section of the GMAT will be RC.
  2. Critical reasoning
    A Critical Reasoning (CR) argument is usually structured into facts (also sometimes referred to as premises) and a conclusion. Your job is never to question the facts of the argument.but the gap between the facts and the conclusion.
  3. Sentence Correction
    Sentence Correction (SC) questions are found in the 65-minute Verbal section. There will be around 11-16 sentences, each with an underlined portion that contains 0-2 errors. The job thus is to correct the errors in the given sentences.

Reading Comprehension

The candidate has to answer multiple choice questions based on the comprehension. It is not necessary to have a thorough knowledge of the topic.

Critical reasoning

The candidates have to answer 14 critical-reasoning questions by searching for information and identify the relevant point.
Three major tips on how to solve such questions

  1. Simplify the language of the question in your mind.
  2. Summarise all the important sentences of the passage in your own words.
  3. Understand what is being asked and answer accordingly.

Sentence correction

In this part of the section, it is important to have good knowledge of grammar and construction of sentences. A candidate will b given will be given 5 answer choices.

GMAT  Pattern for Verbal and Grammar

  1. Basic Sentence structure: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
  2. Verb Tense
  3. Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions
  4. Pronoun Agreement
  5. Subject-Verb Agreement
  6. Modifiers
  7. Parallelism

Sign up to study abroad

A great GMAT score will optimize your chances of getting admission into the best colleges. Many business schools globally regard GMAT score as a requirement for admission. A decent GMAT score is required in most of the colleges as important criteria for admission. You can also read about the best universities accepting GMAT scores here. What are your thoughts on GMAT exam? Share in the comments below. Also, please do mention your suggestions and feedback.

Also Visit:-

  1. GMAT- Everything you need to know
  2. GMAT Syllabus
  3. GMAT Registration
  4. GMAT Results and Scores
  5. GMAT Dates
  6. GMAT Test-Centres
  7. GMAT Practice-Papers
  8. GMAT Preparation-Tips
/ GMAT, MBA / Tags: , ,

Search Posts

About the Author

I am a study abroad content expert, associated with the study abroad industry since years. I am a firm believer that study abroad is once a lifetime experience and everyone should get a chance of having this experience.

Share the Post


No comment yet.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *