Fine Arts

Italian Renaissance poured vision to the aesthetics by letting the artist showcase his full potential through imagination without a tinge of restriction, and that gave rise to the most beautiful and vulnerable thoughts of all time. As a consequence, the movement started bending unidirectional perceptions by limiting stereotypes. Thus, the reflection of the Italian Renaissance was Fine Art, and it started dividing art into two divisions, aesthetic and decorative. As an example, after the movement, you could distinguish between pottery and sculpture. Fine Art follows a chain of genres depending upon the imagination-based creativity. 

Historically, it was divided into five art forms: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Music, and Poetry, including performing arts divided into theatre and dance. Whereas, modern-day fine art is into Film, Photography, Video Production, Designing, and Conceptual Art. Avant-Garde Music is a form of both performing art and fine art. 

The judgment of aesthetics varies from person to person, but the meeting point of every perspective is a good knowledge of taste, which differentiates Fine Art from Mainstream Art. This kind of art does not indulge in the “quality of the artwork”, but emphasizes the creative process. Whereas, in the case of architecture, practical implementation is proportional to the useful application of decorative art. Fine Art respects the creative individualism of an artist that can be of several reflections on an ongoing thought process. 

Cultural Divisions

Fine Art has always been dominative in the West, especially in Europian countries because of its rich cultural effect along with the level of exposure. However, Asian countries like Japan, Korea, and China have always remained anonymous in the field. Calligraphy and Architecture have influenced Islamic Art on an intense level. Whereas, in Africa, fine art has always been an emblem of political and spiritual awakening. 


Derived from the Greek word ‘poiesis’ means making, Poetry has always been an aesthetically pleasing form of literature. Supported by the rhythmic usage of words, metaphors, similes, and phonaesthetics to elaborate a particular imagination, poetry finesse fine art. 


The form of art that transcends using sound as a medium is Music. The common elements are pitch, rhythm, dynamics, and color, which is denoted as the texture of a sound. The aesthetics in music can vary from genre to genre making each of them significant in their respective fields. The two main blending elements of music are the voice and a supporting instrument, and this type of fine art emphasizes the listening skills of the consumer. The word ‘Music’ derived from the Greek word ‘mousike’ meaning “the art of the muses”. Recently, Western and Classical Music is considered to be a modern form of fine art. 

Academic Institutions

Asia being the dark horse lacked enough exposure it deserved. It gained experience with time and fused entrepreneurship skills together, thus, emerging out as one of the most influential continents in mastering the craft of fine art on a large scale through learning. Some of the eminent Fine Arts Institutions located in Japan, China, and India are,

  • Kyoto City University of Arts, Japan offers degrees in Painting, Printmaking, Sculpture, Design, and Crafts. 
  • Tokyo University of the Arts offers graduate degrees in Painting, Sculpture, Crafts, Design, Architecture, Aesthetics, and Art History.
  • The Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts is the eminent University of China located in Guangzhou that provides Bachelor’s, Masters, and Doctoral degrees in Fine Arts.
  • The Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata is a Fine Art Institution located in the coastal city of Kolkata, India.

There are other major institutions in the US, and some of them are listed below,

  • Yale University
  • Columbia University
  • ArtCenter College of Design is a private college located in Pasadena, CA that offers a wide variety of undergraduate programs in art and design, and lists among the top 20 Fine Arts schools in the US. 

Fine Art modifies with time like wine, the older it gets the better it tastes. Artists like Picasso and Salvador Dali fused surrealism with fine art, which broke the conventional barriers of the art by giving rise to numerous concepts. Thus, mastering a form of art is as impossible as it gets with time because art never stops expanding. 

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About the Author

Rachit believes in the power of education and has studied from the top institutes of IIIT Allahabad, IIM Calcutta, and Francois Rabelias in France. He has worked as Software Developer with Microsoft and Adobe. Post his MBA, he worked with the world’s # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group across multiple geographies US, South-East Asia and Europe.

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