Fine arts generally refers to the art form that is basically created for its beauty or the aesthetic or the intellectual value in contrast to its functional or practical or utilitarian value. It is something that derives its value from the abstract definition of art and is not defined by its beauty. Fine arts deals with creating art forms that convey some meaning or idea or an emotion. The field of fine arts initially included drawings, paintings, sculptures, music, poetry and architecture. But over the years, with technological improvements, especially in the field of digitalization, the field expanded to include photography, print making, video making and editing, design, conceptual art and sequential art. The field of fine arts is different from conceptual art. The field requires that the person undertaking the Fine Arts stream has immense passion and interest, apart from a spec of inborn talent, in the particular art in order to become a successful artist.
The Origin of the field of Fine Arts
Prior to the eighteenth century, there was a traditional system of arts that existed in the Western countries. In that system, the art work was considered as a skilled piece of work. The word ‘Art’ in those days meant the same as that of ‘Techne’ in Greek or ‘Skill’ in English. Fine arts varied between cultures of Japanese, Chinese and Latin American as well. An important source of information about the history of fine arts is probably from literary sources such as Larry Shiner’s The Invention of Art: A Cultural History (2003), which locates invention in the eighteenth century. Great personalities of the past like Paul Oskar Kristeller, who was a scholar of Renaissance Humanism, Pierre Bourdieu, the French Sociologist and Anthropologist, and Terry Eagleton, the British literary Theorist have contributed and shared ideas on Fine arts.
Scope of Fine Arts
Fine arts can be often used as a synonym for creativity. The broad spectrum of fine arts includes film, drama, dance, painting, photography, pottery, sculpture, etc. which involves great skill. It is a combination of visual arts and sometimes performing arts as well. As is evident from the above, it is a professional artist that Fine arts education delivers to any society. Fine arts often provides rewarding careers but a great extent of uncertainty does exist. Moreover, artists work as freelancers and on-demand basis and their remuneration depends upon their talent and popularity.
Types of Courses in Fine Arts
Similar to the domestic programs in Fine arts, the courses are of the undergraduate, postgraduate and research level abroad. In the undergraduate or Bachelor’s degree programs, the student is trained in the basic skills of the art and is gradually moulded to a fine artist. Generally the Bachelor’s level programs are of a duration of three or four years. There are also various Post graduate, that is, Master’s level programs being offered in the subject which often culminate in research and internship opportunities. The Master’s level study programs generally range between one to two years of duration. It takes great privilege to complete Doctoral programs offered by even some of the world-class universities and such students find demanding careers as well. Apart from the mentioned degree programs, there is no dearth of short-term diploma courses in the field of Fine-Arts. In fact these diploma courses are more preferred generally for a person who is already a graduate in the discipline. Another supportive argument is the comparatively smaller cost and duration of the diploma or certificate courses.
Considering the various specializations within the program, foreign universities offer fine arts courses in subjects like media, dance, design, film and television, theatre, etc. The courses are much popular in the United States and there are numerous universities that offer multiple specializations of fine arts in the US.
Top Universities and programs in Fine arts
In the US
Career and Job Prospects
Art studios, advertising companies, publishing houses, product design, manufacturing firms, magazines, television, graphic arts, teaching, theatre production, etc. are on the lookout for graduates in the field of fine arts. Some good career roles after a obtaining degree in Fine arts are as follows - Artist, Graphic Designer, Digital Designer, Visualizing Professional, Art Professional, Illustrator, Craft Artist, Animator, Lecturer, Art Museum Technician, Art Conservator, Art Director, Painter, etc. Thus the jobs can be classified under various fields such as careers in journalism, theatre, dance, African studies, Anthropology, Art History, Classical studies, Communication fields, Education, Film Studies, Music, Interior Designing, and more so. The key significance of having to work in the field of arts depends upon the interest of the person. The remuneration or compensation benefits of a successful artist is enormous. Moreover, learning the concept of art is considered to be a totally unique and different talent where out of the box thinking as well as in-born and acquired talents are valued with great respect. One of the main reasons for this field of profession being paid quite high is the demand-based characteristic of the domain. Apart from that, since the Art-profession also involves certain amount of career-risk since professional success percentage is way too less compared to other professions. Hence it is important for a student wishing for a career in this field to possess immense passion and willingness to learn and implement the various techniques of art to come out in flying colours.
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