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Veterinary Science - Admissions & Scope

Veterinary science basically deals with the health and welfare of animals. Like other medical degrees, this encompasses everything from preventative care to psychological analysis and complex surgical procedures.

This specific branch of medication deals with the prevention, analyzing, diagnosis and treatment of disorders or diseases of animals.  The scope of veterinary medicine is not narrow, taking into consideration all animal species, both domesticated and wild, with a wide range of situations which can disturb different types of species.

Veterinary medicine is widely practiced both with and without professional guidance. Professional care is usually led by a physician who is a veteran (popularly known as a vet,).  This can be intensified by other paraprofessionals with precise specialism such as animal physiotherapy or dentistry, and roles that are especially relevant or species like farriers.

Veterinary science assists human health also, through the surveillance and supervising of zoonotic disease (infectious disease which is transferred from animals to persons), food safety, and not very directly through personal applications from medical reports. They usually assist to maintain food supply through animal health surveillance and treatment, and even mental health by keeping the pets in nourished health. Veterinary scientists as per study usually collaborate with epidemiologists, and with other health and natural science practitioners depending upon the type of work. Veterinarians are obliged to take care of animal welfare.

Types of veterinarians

Anesthesia: The main task assigned to them is that the animals feel less or no pain during the veterinary procedures or operations, etc.

Animal Welfare: Veterinarians who are skilled and specialized in the training of animal welfare.

Behavior: Veterinarians who have expertise training in animal behavior

Dentistry: Veterinarians who are skilled in performing procedures on animals' teeth

Dermatology: Veterinarians who analyze the diseases and disorders related to conditions of the skin

Emergency and Critical Care: These are the ones who are  "ER doctors" and intensive care specialists

Internal Medicine, which covers specialties in

  • Neurology ( brain, spinal cord specialist)
  • Cardiology( Heart specialist)
  • Oncology ( Cancer and tumor specialist)

Laboratory Animal Medicine: Veterinarians who work on research and development or in practice, confirming that the laboratory of animal (rabbits, rats, etc..) receive enough and proper care.

Microbiology: Veterinarians who are involved in the study of viruses, bacteria, etc. 

Nutrition: The veterinarians who work to confirm that the diets chart which is prescribed for the animals meet their body's needs for nourishment.

Ophthalmology: Veterinarians who are studying diseases and deformities of the eye

Pathology: Veterinarians studying any general type of disease in animals

Pharmacology: Veterinarians analyzing how medications and strong drugs affect health of animals.

Poultry Veterinarians: Veterinarians who are involved in the work with chickens, turkeys, ducks, usually the food in production settings

Preventive Medicine: Veterinarians whose main task is to study how diseases are widely spread and possible measures to be taken for prevention.

Radiology: Veterinarians who focus on the study of x-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography (often called CAT scans), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Degrees offered in the department

  • Veterinary Science
  • Biology
  • Science and Management
  • Bachelor of Animal Science
  • Veterinary Technology
  • Biological Sciences
  • Biological Pre-Veterinary Concentration
  • Pre-Veterinary Science  
  • Biology- Medical Sciences
  • Pre- Veterinary medicine
  • Pre-Bachelor International Year One-pre Medical
  • Animal and Veterinary
  • Dairy Science Pre- Veterinary

Top universities

Cornell University

Cornell University is the best university for the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program. Students get an opportunity to experience clinical studies, engaging lectures, and work with animals from the beginning. This four-year program involves intensive coursework for the initial three years and reserves the last year for the clinical rotations. Some main coursework includes:

  • The Animal Body
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Animal Health and Disease
  • Host, Agent, and Defense

University Of Massachusetts Amherst
The Veterinary & Animal Sciences department at UMass Amherst includes a Pre-Veterinary Science major for students. This program is especially good for the ones who are hoping to go on to graduate school or medical school. The course includes:

  • Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding
  • Animal Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • Veterinary Microbiology Lab
  • Physiology of Reproduction

Michigan State University

MSU offers an undergraduate degree in Veterinary Technology. Students need to complete around eight important courses in the field of chemistry, biology, social sciences, and math before being officially admitted into the program. Following are the main subjects-

Veterinary Comparative Clinical Physiology

  • Small Animal Nursing Skills
  • Radiology for Veterinary Technicians
  • Biomedical Research and Regulatory Issues

University of Arizona

Delivered through the School of Animal & Comparative Biomedical Sciences, students here earn a Bachelor of Science in Veterinary Science. This degree includes everything from human and animal changes to microbiology and pathology. Over four years, students combine education courses with academic courses like:

  • Medical-Veterinary Entomology
  • Animal Anatomy & Physiology
  • Equine Nutrition and Management
  • Diseases of Wildlife

Pennsylvania State University

Aspirants complete a total of 124 credit hours for your BS in Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at Penn State. The syllabus leans mainly on biology, organic chemistry, and biostatistics. Internships are available for students during summer semesters. The more specific veterinary classes for  aspirants include:

  • Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
  • Mammalian Physiology
  • Principles of Animal Disease Control
  • Comparative Physiology of Domestic Animals

Clemson University

The Bachelor of Science in Animal and Veterinary Sciences degree at Clemson University gives aspirants three areas of study for this degree: equine business, animal agribusiness, or pre-veterinary and science

Northwest Missouri State University

Aspirants find a more magnified focus at Northwest Missouri State University with the Animal Science major with a Pre-Vet option. This programs focuses on the study of livestock and animal husbandry, Principles of Animal Breeding.

Main Courses include-

  • Beef Science
  • Genetics of Livestock Improvement
  • Principles of Animal Nutrition

Purdue University

The academic curriculum offers both a broad base in the field of science and specific industry-related skills such as anesthesia and diagnostic imaging. Most highlighted subjects are-

  • Large Animal Nursing
  • Dentistry for the Veterinary Technician
  • Parasitology for Veterinary Technicians
  • Nursing of Non-Traditional Pets

Career Opportunities in Veterinary Medicine

Veterinarians are the dedicated women and men whose profession is to take care of the health and welfare of animals and species. This is a wide field and includes many activities  such as the  clinical practice, biomedical research, education, diagnostic laboratories, consultation, or safeguarding our nation’s food supply. The specialty may vary; veterinarians are committed to perpetuate and preserve animal health. They are the ones who understand the prerequisites of animal welfare and the interdependent bond between animals and persons.
Private Practice
About 80% of veterinarians choose to work in private practice, providing health care for companion animals. Private practitioners may work in a one-person practice or as part of a team in a larger clinic or hospital. Private practitioners offer many services including health exams, vaccinations, treatment of ill animals, surgery, and emergency care.
Competent research veterinarians are constantly needed in pharmaceutical and private research laboratories, universities, and various government agencies. These veterinarians investigate basic and applied problems concerning food-producing animals, companion animals, laboratory animals, captive animals, wildlife, and various aquatic species.
Thousands of veterinarians teach in universities and colleges. Wherever you find a medical school, agricultural school, or veterinary school you are likely to find a veterinarian helping to spread the knowledge of animal health and disease. Veterinarians in educational institutions teach students, conduct research, write for scientific journals and consumer magazines, and develop continuing education programs.
Diagnostic Laboratories
Fundamental to treatment of animal diseases is the need to establish a definitive diagnosis. Veterinarians who specialize in diagnostics include those with advanced training in pathology and microbiology. These specialists focus their careers on developing and utilizing state of the art equipment and techniques to analyze samples such as tissue or blood in order to deliver accurate, innovative, and timely diagnostic and consultative services to the veterinary and animal health community.
Various businesses and organizations employ experienced veterinarians as full-time or part-time consultants. To be a successful consultant requires advanced skills developed through years of experience and advanced training and education. These veterinarians advise private businesses such as ranches, dairies, poultry farms, and meat processing facilities.
Public Health and Regulatory Medicine
All states in the U.S. (and many counties and cities) have veterinarians who advise and help control animal diseases. As public health officials, they continually inspect milk and other animal food products to make sure they are safe to consume. In regulatory medicine, public health veterinarians inspect meat, poultry, and dairy products, test for livestock disease, and oversee interstate transport of animals. Public health veterinarians are hired to investigate food-borne disease outbreaks, evaluate the safety of food and water, and study the effects of biological and environmental contamination.

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