The scientific study of natural causes consequences and prevention of criminal behavior of individuals as well as society. It is a branch of science which focuses on the study of crimes and their causes, effects, and social impact. The person who studies and practice criminology is a Criminologist. His/her job involves analyzing data to determine the reason for the crime and what all steps could be taken to predict and avoid such behavior in the future.
What is Criminology?
Criminology is just the study of behavior but also to know the crime rates, reasons for committing a crime, the psychology of the criminals, what types of crimes, what penalty applies to different types of crimes. This course is for those who want to be a part of civil services in a country. The students who want to serve the laws opt for this course and make a fortune in this field.
Since this a law field, the types of laws are :
Natural laws:- laws related to assaults, murder, robbery, theft, larceny comes in the category of natural laws.
Statutes:- laws that prohibit cannabis use, fraud, gambling, conflicts fall under this category
Since ancient times, criminology has been the talk of every social philosopher who has different views on it. It has been a debatable topic on how to avoid crimes and criminals, if severe punishments are justifiable, etc. They have classified crimes into various categories depending upon the types of criminals and severity of the crime – blue-collar crimes, white-collar crimes, corporate crimes, organized crimes, public order crime, state crime, political crime and many more. The punishment of any crime is determined by the crimes committed.
Eligibility for criminology abroad
If a student is interested in studying law, then the universities have various degree programs for him/her. There are an undergraduate program, postgraduate program, and certification program. For the undergraduate program, the student should have passed his 12th standard with art or science stream. And for the postgraduate program, the student should have a bachelor’s degree in arts, or sociology, political science or law. The certification courses are for more weight in the resume. The students who want a career in criminology should be familiar with laws, sociology, criminal psychology, criminology statistics and other areas related to criminology.
Apart from this, the eligibility for enrolling in colleges abroad the student should have another basic criterion too. First of all the good grades in 12th if applying for bachelors and if fulfilling graduation requirements for post-graduation. And the students should be very proficient in English and had to clear English proficiency tests such as TOEFL, IELTS, GRE, SAT to be eligible for applying. The students should be prepared for the best performance in their area of interest. They should know the area of study in Criminology.
Scope offered in Criminology
This includes the phenomenon of crimes and what are the laws related to it. When a student wants to pursue criminology, he/she should know the areas which can be studied which may strike them as interesting and worth studying.
Criminal careers and desistance
Fear of crime
The Interesting Crime Victim Survey
Sociology of law
The students can study any area of criminology as everything about the domain is interesting and they can give a secure and high yielding future ahead of them. The universities from all over the world have degree courses in this field, and they attract some students who enroll every year. The degree programs also have different time durations. Some have 3-4 years course while others have two years course along with which the students can study something extra to earn a few certificates.
The fees for the different disciplines in the course has a different specialization course. The expenses may include the tuition fee, accommodation fees, research fees, exchange program fees, project fees. This may increase the overall fees structure for a year, but studying abroad gives you a perk of a brighter future. The universities all over the world are teaching the best course to the students and groom them through the best expertise guidance. The University at Cambridge, Oxford, Stanford, Harvard are one of the significant universities which provide specialization in every degree course. The students from all over the world try their best to get admissions in these universities.
Top Universities for Criminology
Best way to have a good life is through good education and for good education the students need to get it from the best. Here are some of the best universities which can be worth applying for:
University of Maryland, College Park
The Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice in the University of Maryland ranks number 1 in the nation by the U. S. News and World Report Rankings. This department was initiated in 1969 and has been ever since providing excellent research and education. The students are made to work on current issues to understand the radicalization processes through terrorist threats.
University of Albany – SUNY, Albany, New York
The School of Criminal Justice at the University of Albany ranks 2nd in the world by the U. S. News and World Report Rankings and has recently completed 50 years of its establishment. The program offered trains students to develop research and statistical skills to evaluate policy and practice. Students study the formal concentration in criminal justice information technology.
University of California, Irvine
The University of California is ranked 3rd by the U. S. News and World Report Rankings for its program on Criminology. The program offered in this university focuses on understanding the problem of crime, the social, cultural, economic and political forces that counter with the law. It provides an overview of the legal system. There are field study placements that are integral to the program.
The University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
The course on criminology offered at the University of Cincinnati teaches students about the criminal justice processes and criminal offending. It also emphasizes the interdisciplinary study of criminal justice, crime, crime prevention, and adolescent delinquency. The course can be done online and on-campus.
Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona
The program offered at Arizona State University can be done through both online and on-campus method. The university ranks 5th by the U. S. News and World Report Rankings. It focuses on the fundamental foundations of Criminal justice and criminology by enabling students to think and to contribute to society and towards public safety.
Florida State University, Florida
The College of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the Florida State University has a nationally ranked (5th, U. S. News and World Report Rankings) program in Criminology. The university has been producing critical and independent thinkers for society by way of its curriculum structure.
The topmost universities for criminology are mentioned above, though there are other universities as well these are the best institutions if you want a good fortune you should try to take a look at these options too. These are best known for their courses in criminology and provide the best guidance for improvising the future of the students. They not only provide the best education but also helps them in the overall development of the students. Sports, interacting skills, everything is taken into consideration for evaluation. This enhances the overall skills in the students, and they perform better.
Degree Programs for Criminology
The universities provide different degree programs specializing criminology. These are the undergraduate program, postgraduate program, and certification program. At some universities, they provide online or distant courses for the students those who can’t attend college regularly. These courses have flexible timing. Following are the different degree programs for criminology:
It is a postgraduate course on criminology that deals with the development of modern criminological thoughts, and it's used in theory and practice.
Masters in International Crimes and Criminology (postgraduate)
It is a one - year full-time program that deals with international crime in a broader framework. It focusses on individuals from international communities. Subjects taught are based on torture, genocide, rape and many others.
BA (Hons) Criminology and Criminal Justice (undergraduate)
The course enables students to understand why crime has become a dominant problem in recent times and how criminal behavior is related to other social issues.
Diploma in Criminology (diploma)
A diploma in Criminology is a one – year course that deals with aspects of media, forensic science, crime, criminal justice system and crime and deviance. It enhances the knowledge of the students from various fields of discipline like law, sociology, history, and psychology.
The course provides students with solutions to apply from theory to practice and to develop solutions themselves at various places. It deals with subjects like applied forensic psychology, complex criminal investigation and criminal victimization and a few others.
LLB Hons (Law) with Criminology (undergraduate)
The program gives the students insight into the fundamentals of Criminology and legal topics that are used in the criminal justice system. It covers subjects like criminal law, ethics, public law and law of organizations.
The above mentioned are the degree courses available at different universities under different degree programs. The graduate degree is of 3-4 years while the postgraduate is for two years. When it comes to a certification course, these may take up to a few months to a year. These degree programs have specialization according to the interest of the students.
The students are required to have a letter of recommendation, statement of purpose, student's CV, academic essay and student loan information, Mark sheet of diploma, 12th class, and certificates of excellence which will increase the chances of getting enrolled in the college. The students should shortlist the options available and check if you are eligible for applying or not. Prepare for GRE or TOEFL or IELTS whichever is a requirement in the university selected. This proficiency tests and generates a passing certificate which is mandatory at the time of application. Prepare an updated resume that will be used while applying. The students need to acquire a letter of recommendation from the institution where he/she has completed his/her graduate degree. Write a statement of purpose(SOP) stating the reasons for application and the purpose of joining the course. Go through all the procedures to complete the application process. A proper way of applications can enhance more chance of getting admission in the colleges. The students should be very careful while applying for masters, the proficiency in English and proper knowledge of the subject can make it easier to get admission in such universities.
Job Opportunities after Criminology
The field of Criminology is very reliable, and the student who completes the course successfully tends to get high yielding jobs. They can be lawyers, consultants, attorneys, teacher, and many other profiles. The study of criminology exaggerates the student’s smartness and how diplomatic he/she can be. The students who have a degree in criminology has a great skill in communicating with others, they are more presentable and can motivate others in things. People who earn a bachelor's degree can expect to find jobs such as:
A police officer is usually assigned an area and is responsible for the safety and the enforcement of the law in and around the given territory.
Correctional officers are responsible for their safety as well as the individuals’ safety who will be undergoing a trial or have been arrested or are serving a prison term.
Criminologist studies about crime, law, arrests, and convictions to find out any of the traits in a criminal. The seek ways and solutions to stop and prevent ways from any crime to take place. They also study the history of crime in context with the present.
Criminal profilers help enforcement agencies to investigate and identify any suspects in a criminal incident. They use all the details of the crime to determine the behavior and psychological situation of the suspect.
Jury consultants are human behavior experts who select jurors by helping the attorneys and provide them with insight about juror behavior.
Prison psychologists prepare the inmates for release by having a direct conversation with them. They also talk to violent offenders by helping them with therapy and aid the mentally unstable inmates who need help and counseling to deal with hallucination and incarceration.
Also known as a private detective or an inquiry agent, a private investigator is hired to undertake private cases and investigate into them. They are mostly hired by attorneys for criminal and civil cases.
Career Prospects in Criminology
The students can work for organizations or private agencies; they can practice law on their own. They can work in universities and colleges or become a criminal psychologist. There are so many options available for the students who pursue criminology. Many companies hire attorneys for future reference. Thus the course of criminology is a beneficial course for students who want to serve law and order.