Forensic science is an academic discipline in which professional forensic scientists examine the physical crime evidence. Forensic science is the implementation of science to civil and criminal laws during the criminal investigation. It is administered by criminal procedure and admissible evidence. The evidence is then sent to court to aid in finding out the guilty. Forensic scientists utilize mathematical as well scientific techniques to examine the evidence. Forensic means a debate or public discussion but in today’s context, forensic means the judicial system or the court. When the term forensic is succeeded by the term science, it means the application of scientific processes and techniques to resolve a crime. The first forensic science school was established in 1909. The fast growth in the discipline has revealed many mysteries which were not solved for many decades. The rapid development of scientific technology has helped in uncovering many criminal mysteries too. Forensic science is highly evolved and needs professionals with many skills at the same time. Archimedes is known as the world’s first forensic scientist. Forensic science is made up of two Latin words forensics and science. The word forensic is associated with investigation performed in public.
The latter word science relates to the proper manner of gaining knowledge. Forensic Science can be defined as the application of scientific processes in solving mysteries and crimes.
Forensic scientists gather, preserve and inspect physical evidence to ensure justice. Some forensic professionals visit the crime scene by themselves in order to collect the proofs while others work in laboratories where individuals bring them the shreds of evidence.
The ancient world didn’t use to have proper forensic methodologies because of which criminals escaped punishment. Criminal investigations have been dependent witness testimony and forced confessions.
Forensic scientists are responsible to testify as an expert witness in both civil and criminal cases and they can choose to work for either the defense or the prosecution. Forensic scientists are required to possess the necessary aptitude for reasoning. Forensic science influences the justice system in a bigger way because of the pieces of evidence it provides after the examination of objects and materials found at the crime scene.
What are the subfields of Forensic science?
There are many branches in Forensic science. These include Criminalistics, Forensic Accounting, Forensic Anthropology, Forensic Economics, Forensic Engineering, Forensic Etymology, Forensic Odontology, Forensic Psychology, Forensic Psychiatry, Forensic Ballistics, and Wildlife Forensics.
Each of the subfields of Forensic Science is listed below with explanations:
It is concerned with the crime scenes where the victim is an animal. For example, the hunting of endangered species.
It deals with the investigation and examination of firearms used in the crime.
Forensic Psychiatry and Forensic Psychology
Forensic Psychiatry and Forensic Psychology are concerned with the legal aspects of human behavior.
Forensic Odontology is the study of the singularity of teeth.
Forensic Entomology is concerned with the investigation of insects on, in or around human remains to aid in the determination of location and time of death. It can be determined whether the body was displaced after death or not.
Forensic Engineering deals with the causes of failure of structures, vehicles, and devices.
Forensic Economics is the analysis of economic ruin proofs to add current calculations of benefits and earnings lost.
Forensic Anthropology is concerned with the implementation of anthropology in a legal setting for the identification and recovery of the human remains.
Forensic Accounting is the analysis of financial proofs.
Criminalistics is concerned with the implementation of various sciences in criminal examinations.
Which are the top universities for forensic science?
- United Kingdom
- Glasgow Caledonian
- Nottingham Trent
- United States of America
- University of Mississippi
- Boston University
- Michigan University
- California State University, Los Angeles
- Youngstown State University
- Texas A&M University
- The University of Illinois at Chicago
- University of Central Florida
Note: The list is in no particular order.
What are the degrees offered in Forensic Science?
Forensic science associate degrees
Forensic science Bachelor’s Degrees
Forensic science Master’s Degrees
Career and job opportunities in Forensic Science
Forensic Science is a broad discipline and there are many fields in which Forensic Science students can specialize. For example, one may choose a career in Forensic Psychiatry, where they will learn more about human behavior in context with crimes. Criminalists are the specialists who work at crime scenes sorting and collecting evidence.