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Updated on - October 10th 2019 by Piyush Bhartiya

 About Canada

Today, Canada has become an ideal place for higher education studies sought by many prospective international students. The country has a rich history, from its Indigenous people to European colonization, and not to forget immigrant integration. Which has shaped a culture of diversity and inclusion that makes this planet's second-largest country a welcoming home not only for its citizens but also for the many people coming from all sides of the world.

Many of the Canadian universities are present in reputed international rankings, and a new strategy set by the Ministry of Education of Canada focuses on increasing the number of international students in the country. It is also regarded as one of the safest countries in the world, with a low crime rate. According to Global News, in terms of social progress and development, Canada was ranked the second country in the world with the highest quality of life.

The detailed educational plan provided by Canadian universities encourages international students to pursue part-time jobs during their Bachelor's or Master's studies and to remain in the country for work opportunities after graduation. Toronto, Vancouver, Ottawa, Montreal, and Quebec cover for the largest international student population and the regions provide a vibrant and lively atmosphere. In the said country, students can surely combine an enriching academic life with diverse and entertaining leisure activities.

Top Universities in Canada

The university or college that one chooses to go to can have a significant impact on the rest of one's life. That's why it is better to have some research about the universities and their rankings. 

Canadian universities have a long history and reputation in terms of academic performance, research, and high graduate employability rate. Many of the Canadian higher education institutions compete with leading and famous universities of the world (For instance, top-ranked universities from the United States and the United Kingdom).

According to the QS World University Rankings 2019, following are the top 15 universities in Canada:

  1. University of Toronto
  2. McGill University
  3. University of British Columbia
  4. Alberta University
  5. McMaster University
  6. Université de Montréal
  7. University of Waterloo
  8. Western University
  9. University of Calgary
  10. Queen's University
  11. Simon Fraser University
  12. Dalhousie University
  13. University of Ottawa
  14. University of Victoria
  15. Laval University

Popular Courses in Canada

Canada offers quality education and globally recognized degrees. Most study programs delivered by the Canadian universities focus a lot on research and technology and provides a chance to students to engage in intriguing experiments and projects, meant to provide them a complete study experience, based on innovation, re-creation and forward-thinking. Some of the most popular courses in Canada are as follows:

  • Business Administration (primarily Master of Business Administration)
  • Computer Science and Information Technology
  • Business and Finance
  • Core Engineering and Engineering Management
  • Physical and Earth Sciences, and Renewable Energy
  • Agricultural Science and Forestry
  • Biosciences, Medicine, and Healthcare
  • Media and Journalism
  • Psychology and Human Resources

Living Expenses and Part-Time Jobs

Canada has very affordable education fees in comparison to other developed countries which becomes a prime reason for students opting for this country for their higher education. The country is renowned for its exceptional quality of life and the opportunities available to those who live there, but there are many essential things one needs to know about before making a move

Though, living costs in Canada vary a lot because of the vast territory the country covers but estimated living expenses vary between $20,000 and $30,000, in Canadian dollars, per annum. It includes accommodation costs, travel, food, textbooks, weather-appropriate clothing, and entertainment expenses as well. Generally, living in urban areas (in or near a big city) is more expensive than living in smaller towns or suburban areas. The most expensive cities to live in Canada are Toronto in Ontario, Vancouver in British Columbia, Victoria in British Columbia, Hamilton-Burlington in Ontario, Calgary in Alberta, etc. Whereas the least expensive cities are Abbotsford in British Columbia, St. Catherine's in Ontario, Moncton in New Brunswick, the province of Quebec, and more. Students should be able to meet the costs mentioned above while they are studying in Canada. Prices may increase by about 5% to 7% per year due to inflation and other external factors.

The job prospects after studying in Canada are lovely. The Canadian universities are the proud owner of having more than 5000 global tie-ups. The course curriculum in Canada is very industry-oriented. Hence, more than 90% of the graduates get employed in less than six months after graduating from their respective courses in Canada.

In Canada, Customized jobs are available in such a manner that they adhere to all the visa guidelines. Jobs are regarded as a path to earn some extra cash and interact with students from all over the world. In a sense, part-time jobs give students a complete experience of the student culture and life prevalent in the country. Following are the most popular on-campus jobs that a student can take up at Canadian universities:

  • Translator
  • Content Editor
  • Night Auditor
  • Tutor
  • Fitness Instructor
  • Social Media Assistant
  • Online Researcher
  • Cafeteria Worker
  • Circulation Clerk
  • Grant Analyst
  • Web designer


Co-Founder @ AdmitKard

Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing vertical for top MNCs and Indian business houses.
Updated on - October 14th 2019 by Piyush Bhartiya

About Australia

Today, Australia is the third most popular international student destination in the world. The country attracts around 300,000 international students every year, and the number has taken a sharp jump in 2018 and 2019. Further, universities and colleges in Australia are very diverse and well-equipped with world-class facilities and quality education which have benefitted not just the country, but the world. Australia is home to 43 universities which comprises 40 Australian universities, two international universities, and one private specialty university. 

The country has, somewhat, a special allure and has always been drawing talented students like a magnet. Studying in an Australian environment allows for invaluable academic, professional, and personal growth, and opens up an infinite number of career opportunities after graduation. Australian Universities also provide innumerable opportunities in many areas of technology and research, also benefitting from generous funding and offering support to international Ph.D. students. Even undergraduates and postgraduates have the opportunity to attend a Bachelor's and Master's program that involves research.

Apart from studies, University campuses in Australia have a life of their own, and they are like small student towns and encouraging students to socialize, interact, and make friends. Australia also has a multicultural environment, and Australian universities support cultural diversity and in this respect, organize various social and cultural activities.

Top Universities in Australia

The university or college that one chooses to go to can have a significant impact on the rest of one's life that's why it is better to have some research about the universities and their rankings. 

Fortunately, 37 of the world's best universities in the 2019 edition of the QS World University Rankings are in Australia, including 15 in the global top 250. The institutions at the very top of the ranking are well known for their higher education opportunities. According to the QS World University Rankings 2019, following are the top 15 universities in Australia:

  1. Australian National University
  2. University of Melbourne
  3. University of Sydney
  4. University of New South Wales
  5. University of Queensland
  6. Monash University
  7. University of Western Australia
  8. University of Adelaide 
  9. University of Technology, Sydney
  10. University of Newcastle
  11. University of Wollongong
  12. Queensland University of Technology
  13. Curtin University
  14. Macquarie University
  15. RMIT University

Popular Courses in Australia

Universities located in Australia have a strong reputation worldwide. The Australian education system is known to be a strong proponent of internationalization and provides diverse programs which become a prime reason for its popularity among international students. The most popular majors in Australia are as follows:

  • Business and Management
  • Medicine
  • Dentistry
  • Finance and Accounting
  • Law 
  • Education
  • Creative Arts and Design
  • Engineering
  • Computer Science and Information Technology
  • Environmental Science
  • Psychology

Living Expenses and Part-time Jobs

The prime reason for Australia being popular among Indian (International) students is due to the exceptional quality of education and also because of stay-back and immigration features. It offers some of the best undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the world, but also potentially high living costs one needs to be aware of. 

The Australian Government specifies AU$20,290 as the minimum amount required to cover living costs for one year. This figure excludes tuition fees or the cost of travel to and from the country. The average tuition fee for international undergraduate students is AU$30,840 per annum, whereas, for international postgraduate students, the average tuition fee is AU$31,596.

Generally, the cheaper the cost the further away from the city you will be, the more people you'll be living with, or the more rundown the accommodation will be. Expenses also vary depending on the city in which one chooses to study, with Sydney being more expensive, while Adelaide and Canberra are generally less costly.

International students in Australia are allowed to work up to 40 hours a fortnight during the university semester study periods and full-time during the vacation period. Following are the most popular part-time jobs that a student can take up at Australian universities:

  • Hospitality (working in cinemas, restaurants, bars, hotels, takeaway food stores, and sporting venues)
  • Tourism Management
  • Tutor
  • Agricultural Sector
  • Sales and Telemarketing
  • Administration or Clerical jobs
  • Retail


Co-Founder @ AdmitKard

Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing vertical for top MNCs and Indian business houses.
Updated on - October 6th 2019 by Piyush Bhartiya


The route empowers the understudies to be labored inside the area of regulation and lawful undertakings of the nation. This path is supposed to provide a diagram of emblems and trademark law and exercise in international locations around the globe. There will likewise be a few consideration given to exceptional global settlements, shows and understandings. The middle will range from chronicled, philosophical, lawful and even possible subject matter. LL.M. Direction is through and large of 2 years span in which every 12 months is protected  semesters with extraordinary topics depending on suggestion and research work as indicated by the academic modules of the college. There are multiple schools in u.S.A. Like the big apple college (NYU) faculty of law,The London school of Economics and Political science (LSE) which give 1 year LL.M. Program.

Exams Required

Typically, the faculties abroad, ask for English skill ability evidence (i.E. You want to attain the desired marks in the IELTS/TOEFL tests, for English talking nations) or one of these different language take a look at, depending upon where you apply. You can additionally need to write different tests, according to the requirement of the college.

Course Details

College students ought to observe some commonplace papers inside the 1st semester however from second semester there are few topics according to the specialization decided on through the scholars. As part of the path, college students also go through an internship with law firms.

The weightage of inner and external marks are, usually, 60% and 40% respectively. The coaching techniques include lectures, seminars, tutorials, and shows. The internal evaluation depends upon the performances of the students in presentations, tutorials, seminars, viva, tasks, assignments and many others. The assessments are of 100 marks every.

The foundation publications are obligatory for every student to have a look at in 1st semester. The other non-obligatory courses are preference subjects that are selected by means of college students in step with their interest.

There are many fields available where LLM students can do their specializations. Some of them are-

  • Constitutional Law
  • Family Law
  • Taxation Law
  • Corporate law and governance
  • Criminal Law
  • Environmental Law


Top Universities

  • University of Oxford
  • Yale University
  • University of Cambridge
  • Duke University


LLM Course Details 




2 years




Must have graduated from any recognized college, in a stream relevant to the course

Admission Process

Decide which University/College you want to apply in.

Download the application form, and fill it carefully. You may have to fill in more than one form, depending upon which university you are applying in.

You may also have to give an entrance exam, conducted by the university in which you apply. Take the various tests required for applying abroad, for e.g., the IELTS test.

Prepare all the required documents and recommendation letters and send it to the desired University, along with the application form.

Course Fee

The average fee is 30000 USD to 70000 USD per annum

Average Salary

The median starting salary in all firms in the private sector for a new lawyer is $135,000. 

Top Recruiters 

Quislex Legal Services,Pramata Knowledge Solutions Pvt.Ltd.,Pangea3 Global Services,CPA Global Service.

Positions Offered

Advocate,Magistrate/Judge,Oath Commissioner,Legal Document Reviewer,Legal Consultant/Associate


Top Universities

If you want to study LLM abroad, you should search properly about the college and check whether the college is ideal for you. You must look up the faculty of the university so as to get a clear view about it.  At present the top colleges opted for studying M.P.Ed are:-




FEE (tuition Fees only)

University of Oxford

Oxford OX1 2JD, UK

26,421 USD/year

Yale University

New Haven, CT 06520, USA

$51,400  USD /year

University of Cambridge

 184 Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 8PQ, UK.

29,196 USD /year

Duke University

Durham, NC 27708, USA

$54,712 USD /year


 Requirements & Eligibility 

To pursue in a top university, the student needs to fulfill some criteria. They should meet all the requirements so as to get education from their desired college. The table shows some of the important criteria.

Academic Requirements        

The candidate must have graduated from a recognized college, in a stream relevant to the course.


Must score the required marks in IELTS or TOEFL or any other such language test as specified by the university.

You may also have to write an entrance exam, depending upon which University you apply.

Work Experience

Every LLM program in the US has its own approach to admissions and prior work experience.There are some programs for which one or two years of work experience is a prerequisite for admission. However, there are many programs that, while they will consider work experience as a part of the full record, will happily admit a student who has just completed their first professional degree abroad


  • Letter of recommendation 
  • CV
  •  Statement of Purpose
  • Student Visa

Admission Procedure 

If you want to take admission in a Top University, it is advised take help from an advisor. Be prompt and submit the necessary documents before the deadline, as missing these dates, may result in the cancellation of your admission. The university site will also guide you.

Entrance Exam

You have to apply for IELTS or TOEFL test or any other language test as required.

The university may ask you to appear for an entrance exam.

How to apply

  • Make up your mind on which university you want to do your course.
  • Download the application form, or request the same from the university, if it is not available in their site.
  • Take the required tests
  • You may have to apply for a student visa, which, in certain cases, you can, only after the university selects you.
  • Prepare all the required documents and recommendation letters and send it to the desired University, along with the application form.


The deadlines for submission of the application forms and other documents will be given in your chosen university site. Normally there are three entries for a particular degree in a college or university i.e. spring entry, winter entry and summer entry. If you have an advisor then he shall also help you.

Course & Syllabus Details 

LLM is a two year course. The course is taught following the semester pattern, with two semesters covering one year. The table below gives a summary of the LLM syllabus.


Topics Covered 

Why it is covered

Law and social transformation in India

Law and social change, Religion, community and the law, Women and the law, Children and the law

The subject is designed to create recognition of Indian tactics and economic issues in the context of law as a means of social manage and alternate amongst humans.


Federalism as an aspect of constitutionalism, New challenges to constitutionalism,

The goal is 4

to have a look at how far does the constitutionalism of India is being performed in Indian criminal gadget

Legal research and methodology

Precepts, speculation and research paintings, techniques and technique, behavior of studies

This course introduces diverse methodologies of studies inside the legal field..

Judicial process

Nature of judicial process, unique dimensions, Judicial procedure in India, Constitutional amendments 

This direction objectives to look at the nature of the judicial procedure and roles of judges as policy makers..

Group -1: Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Human Rights and Humanitarian law Human rights and jurisprudence, global human rights law, safety and enforcement of human rights 

Human rights education this is a specialization path and deals with factors of Human rights and numerous legal guidelines framed to make sure basic human rights to each citizen.

Group -2:Alternative Dispute Resolution

Dispute decision Evolution and concept of ADR, Arbitration law in India, international industrial arbitration, Mediation, Conciliation and negotiation,

Trainings in ADR this is an optionally available which focuses on dispute resolution without an ordeal.


Fees, Average Fees, etc

The Average fee may range between 500 USD to 30000 USD per annum. There are many additional expenses, like cost of textbooks, insurance, etc. which add up to the total fees for the student. You can also get a scholarship so as to reduce the burden on you. Some of the fees for Universities in abroad are:- 


Tuition and Fees

Other Expenses

University of Oxford

26,421 USD/year

      770-1180 USD/month

Yale University

$51,400  USD /year

900-1400 USD/month

University of Cambridge

29,196 USD /year

999-1510 USD/month

Duke University

$54,712 USD /year

840-1233 USD/month


Career Prospects

This course is a very vital, as it’s a basic requirement of all human beings. People are obviously realizing its value and the course is slowly expanding. There are various schools which have started hiring teachers who help the students to keep themselves fit. And this is just one example. They people with LLM  certificate definitely have a wide career scope.In contemporary international, law has end up an vital thing required to keep order in a network. From merchandise we purchase at supermarkets to journeying abroad, everything involves some kind of prison settlement among two parties. Regulation has seeped in each issue of our lives, accordingly making it one of the extra in-call for career alternatives.

Future Ahead

In the aggressive global that we live in, it is required to have a specialized degree in regulation to land a number of the top-notch and money making jobs. For this reason an LL.M. Degree is a have to have for a promising profession in criminal services.

After final touch of LL.M. Some apparent profession options are in the felony area. They are able to paintings in both Public and private sectors. Certain fields which employ LL.M. Graduates are:

  • law firms
  • Consultancies
  • Finance
  • company
  • Media and Publishing houses

Job and Salary


Average salary(in $)(per annum)



Legal Consultant/Associate


Legal Document Reviewer


Oath Commissioner





Co-Founder @ AdmitKard

Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing vertical for top MNCs and Indian business houses.
Updated on - October 13th 2019 by Piyush Bhartiya


Ph.D. or DPhil is the postgraduate doctorate in any subject which is provided after the submission of an original thesis generally on a new area in the respective subject or contributing significantly to your desired subject. It is usually the highest form of degree or education in a particular field and is therefore also referred as a terminal degree. Earlier a masters degree was said to be the highest level of education that one can attain in a subject but as the emphasis changed to new ideas and knowledge Ph.D was introduced to encourage those interested in research.

Types of PhD degrees

Traditionally,  one earned a title of “Doctor” after attaining it. However, today it depends on the type of degree and the subject area of the person. Different types of doctoral degrees are-

Professional Doctoral Degree: Usually provided in USA and Canada in which study supports a specific profession, such as psychology, medicine, engineering, education, or law etc. It focuses on applied research and courses like MD, Ed.D., JD are also known as the first professional degrees.

Research Doctoral Degree: It is awarded to candidates who have conducted research publishable enough to be published in a peer-reviewed academic journal. The most common research doctoral degree is the Doctor of Philosophy, or PhD.

Honorary Doctoral Degree: It is more advanced and professional than a common Ph.D as it is  based on a candidate’s achievements and contribution to a particular field or cause. The college or university usually waives all the formalities. Even though being common, most of the renowned universities deny to provide it.

Terminal Academic Research Degrees No higher degree than this that can be awarded such as PhD in USA. But sometimes even though being a terminal degree in a profession, it may only amount to prerequisites to research degrees in the same subject area.

Some of the institutions provides different types of Ph.D. programmes as well, some of them are-
The integrated PhD programme (based on a Bachelor’s degree): One can begin a PhD study while studying Master’s degree. Bachelor’s degree must be completed and must be selected for a Master’s degree or must have begun it. An integrated PhD will consist of two parts; one part is completed when Master’s degree is obtained and another part begins immediately thereafter. It is two years of full time PhD study.

The business-oriented industrial PhD programme: It is a 3 year research project focused on industry and is carried out in collaboration between a company, the candidate and the university.

PhD double/joint degree: A joint PhD includes a collaboration between two or more universities and a joint or a double PhD degree is awarded.  In double PhD degree the student receives two diplomas,  one from each university.
In Joint PhD degree the student receives one joint PhD diploma, signed by both universities.

Executive doctoral programs: It mostly includes business and management, business leadership, theology, counseling and professional studies, public health, education management etc. It helps working professionals to enter into the academia. Classes are often offered during evenings/ weekends, as well as online, thus providing flexibility and usually ending with a dissertation.

Duration of a PhD degree

Usually a person’s Ph.D. continues from 2-10 years on average. However the timing of completion is dependent on various other factors like one’s experience, institution offering it and the subject you are studying but nearly all programs set out time limitations of how long an individual has to complete. A typical PhD normally involves literature review; original research and collecting data; thesis presenting one’s observations; submitting a dissertation; presenting research reports and projects to be reviewed by a committee and a viva exam where one is supposed to present and answer questions on the thesis. One needs to defend the PhD thesis to an international scientific jury. Mostly the first year includes foundational classes in research work, while the second and third year focuses on specific courses. In most part of the time one does a literature study and collect data or samples and make analyses. One also learns the methodologies to analyse and interpret results. In Executive Doctoral Program, some variations are generally included such as research methodology seminar; global marketing strategy; dissertation seminar; Data analysis; Research design or Advanced business theory etc.

While doing the Ph.D. course apart from research students also need to take care of the following-

  1. One must be active in the scientific forum of their research field. One must present at congresses and workshops to learn and network, to present “work in progress”, to get feedback and to build a network of contacts.
  2. Scientific publications are a must. The results must be published through papers in scientific journals. A minimum number of good publications is required to defend PhD.
  3. Good Supervisor is very important for a person’s thesis as he/ she is an active researcher in the research topic of the candidate who warrants the quality of the PhD candidate’s research plans. They help the PhD candidate with the process and follow-up while jointly being responsible for the project ; must challenges the PhD candidate to think critically while seeing that research integrity and honest scientific conduct is maintained and provide corrective actions when necessary.

Cost of a PhD degree

The cost of a doctorate degree depends on the type of degree that is being pursued and may require a significant investment. The U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)  2011-2012 cost information specific to doctoral degree programs is $36,600. Universities also provide for funding packages for a certain time period. These packages usually includes- Academic tuitions, Insurance, Study materials, Living and Travel stipend etc. as deemed fit.  However, to keep getting such benefits the students are required to maintain a minimum GPA or teach students of undergraduates or masters programme as an assistant ( usually get six years (in contrary to four years for a PhD) during which time is divided between the preparation of PhD and rendering of services towards the faculty, usually consisting of teaching). Many companies, NGOs, employers, Fellowships, grants, scholarships, annual stipends, on-campus teaching jobs, Student loans etc. offer further financial aid to the students.

Admission requirements

Admission to these programmes is not easy and requirements do vary from institution to institution but most require submission of transcripts from their bachelor's and master's degree programs usually from the same subject; minimum GPA standards, reference letters from professors and seniors and  passing a standardized test for admission which usually consist of GRE (Graduate Records Examinations) or GMAT(Graduate Management Admission Test). Most Universities do ask for a statement of purpose which must convey why an individual wish to pursue doctorate; how they have prepared themselves for this level of research; mentions their academic and future career goals; why they are a suitable candidate and how this doctorate helps in enhancing their life goals.

  • Kaplan University
  • Regent University
  • Capella University
  • City University of Seattle
  • Abilene Christian University
  • University of Fairfax
  • Harvard University
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Stanford University
  • Duke University; main campus of Ohio State University
  • University of California-Berkeley
  • University of Illinois
  • University of Minnesota
  • University of Wisconsin
  • University of Virginia

These are some of the universities famous for their doctoral programmes in the USA. Some of the universities that also provide Ph.D. without an GRE are Purdue University- PhD in Chemistry; Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine- PhD in Clinical Psychology; MIT- PhD in Media Arts and Science; Oregon State University- PhD in Physics; University of Wisconsin- PhD in Philosophy; University of Idaho- PhD in Civil Engineering etc.

Anesthesiologists; Audiologists; Computer and information research scientists; Family and general practitioners; Obstetricians and gynecologists; Optometrists; Orthodontists; Pediatricians; Physical therapists; Architectural conservationist, curatorial consultant, artist representative; Curatorial and historical studies; Podiatrists; Psychiatrists; Surgeons; Chiropractors; Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists; teachers(postsecondary) are some of the jobs with growth rate of median 10-20% and an average salary of $75,000/- that requires Ph.D. as an specific eligibility criteria. In an executive doctoral program which is to advance a candidate  professionally, the career positions are: Chief financial officer; Chief operating officer; Vice president of finance; Vice president of marketing; Academic professor; Professional consultant; Financial analyst etc. University professors often earn additional income by publishing their research, speaking at conferences, consulting with companies and teaching at area schools etc. Those with a management doctoral degree can expect a median salary of over $70,000 in the United States.

Therefore, Ph.D. is a great course for people with an inclination towards research and development of new ideas and knowledge and the career aspects, less cost and personal growth makes it a must consideration.

Co-Founder @ AdmitKard

Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing vertical for top MNCs and Indian business houses.
Required Exams