Today, Canada has become an ideal place for higher education studies sought by many prospective international students. The country has a rich history, from its Indigenous people to European colonization, and not to forget immigrant integration. Which has shaped a culture of diversity and inclusion that makes this planet's second-largest country a welcoming home not only for its citizens but also for the many people coming from all sides of the world.
Many of the Canadian universities are present in reputed international rankings, and a new strategy set by the Ministry of Education of Canada focuses on increasing the number of international students in the country. It is also regarded as one of the safest countries in the world, with a low crime rate. According to Global News, in terms of social progress and development, Canada was ranked the second country in the world with the highest quality of life.
The detailed educational plan provided by Canadian universities encourages international students to pursue part-time jobs during their Bachelor's or Master's studies and to remain in the country for work opportunities after graduation. Toronto, Vancouver, Ottawa, Montreal, and Quebec cover for the largest international student population and the regions provide a vibrant and lively atmosphere. In the said country, students can surely combine an enriching academic life with diverse and entertaining leisure activities.
The university or college that one chooses to go to can have a significant impact on the rest of one's life. That's why it is better to have some research about the universities and their rankings.
Canadian universities have a long history and reputation in terms of academic performance, research, and high graduate employability rate. Many of the Canadian higher education institutions compete with leading and famous universities of the world (For instance, top-ranked universities from the United States and the United Kingdom).
According to the QS World University Rankings 2019, following are the top 15 universities in Canada:
Canada offers quality education and globally recognized degrees. Most study programs delivered by the Canadian universities focus a lot on research and technology and provides a chance to students to engage in intriguing experiments and projects, meant to provide them a complete study experience, based on innovation, re-creation and forward-thinking. Some of the most popular courses in Canada are as follows:
Canada has very affordable education fees in comparison to other developed countries which becomes a prime reason for students opting for this country for their higher education. The country is renowned for its exceptional quality of life and the opportunities available to those who live there, but there are many essential things one needs to know about before making a move
Though, living costs in Canada vary a lot because of the vast territory the country covers but estimated living expenses vary between $20,000 and $30,000, in Canadian dollars, per annum. It includes accommodation costs, travel, food, textbooks, weather-appropriate clothing, and entertainment expenses as well. Generally, living in urban areas (in or near a big city) is more expensive than living in smaller towns or suburban areas. The most expensive cities to live in Canada are Toronto in Ontario, Vancouver in British Columbia, Victoria in British Columbia, Hamilton-Burlington in Ontario, Calgary in Alberta, etc. Whereas the least expensive cities are Abbotsford in British Columbia, St. Catherine's in Ontario, Moncton in New Brunswick, the province of Quebec, and more. Students should be able to meet the costs mentioned above while they are studying in Canada. Prices may increase by about 5% to 7% per year due to inflation and other external factors.
The job prospects after studying in Canada are lovely. The Canadian universities are the proud owner of having more than 5000 global tie-ups. The course curriculum in Canada is very industry-oriented. Hence, more than 90% of the graduates get employed in less than six months after graduating from their respective courses in Canada.
In Canada, Customized jobs are available in such a manner that they adhere to all the visa guidelines. Jobs are regarded as a path to earn some extra cash and interact with students from all over the world. In a sense, part-time jobs give students a complete experience of the student culture and life prevalent in the country. Following are the most popular on-campus jobs that a student can take up at Canadian universities:
Sociology is the study of the human society in broad perspective. It includes the study of the interpretation of cultural attitudes and development of institutions. French academic Emmanuel Joseph Steynes in 1780 defined the term ‘sociology’ as the study of society and is stemmed from the Latin word “socius”, which means ‘companion’! The subject deals with the structure of our societies, their origin, characteristics, interaction, etc. This gives an idea that it would best suit people who are interested in reading and knowing about the various factors in societies such as the race, caste, gender, family structures, the state, etc. Recognizing the importance and role of sociology in life, the subject finds its scope not only as an academic discipline but also in conjunction with other domains such as Law, Literature, Management, History, and Philosophy.
Studying Sociology helps the students develop their critical thinking as well as research skills and understand important questions such as how and why the society behaves the way it does, and how it impacts the individuals on the whole. The students gain knowledge on the interaction between the forces in society and personal experiences. Also, sociology- students learn how to source information, extract what is important from it and fashion it into an argument. Focusing on collaborating with others, teamwork exercises, and working without close supervision are some key ingredients of the course learning.
Scope of the subject – Why Sociology?
In the modern world where creativity, critical thinking, analytical thinking, emotional intelligence, communication, innovation, collaboration and so on are the vital necessities in any field, learning sociology has a wide role to play. The subject can be learnt in various depth levels with numerous theories and studies still in use. As mentioned earlier, academia is one popular career domain where degrees, from graduate to research levels find great opportunities. Other occupations such as writer, researcher, lecturer, etc. require the knowledge of sociology. Authors, columnists, critics, journalists, need a base of sociology to mark their role in the world. Apart from these, key professions in Management of businesses now find the knowledge of human society evolution and behaviour as necessities. Moreover, the students who plan to take up careers in handling people such as public administrators, counsellors find great advantages in studying sociology.
This is an important question to be addressed for the benefit of a huge student population, especially in India, when there are a plethora of sociology courses offered by multiple universities. Of course, when it comes to the key matter of study, it is the same anywhere in the world. But, what makes the difference would be the exposure and various perspective that the student would gain by doing the course abroad. Even the remuneration, value and respect that the person having a global degree from a university abroad is worth considering. The chance of landing on a job and settling in your dream country having studied sociology is highly possible too. Thus the students get to the point where they are able to ask the right questions and understand how people work together in a society.
Some of the important types or fields under sociology can be described as follows:
The study programs offered by various universities worldwide are huge in number. The programs are structured based on the level of the degree the student is planning to take. For those already having a degree in sociology (Bachelor’s), the next level to choose upon would be Post-graduate level course such as MA-Sociology. The entry requirements depend upon the previous educational background of the student. The under-graduate courses will require a minimum 3-A levels, or equivalent degree in subjects related to humanities, while the post-graduate courses require a minimum 3 years graduation in the related degree. Apart from these, criteria such as scores for the test of English language, etc. are important.
Learning the subject involves specialization into a particular field under sociology. The higher the level of degree education, the more narrow and specific the subject goes, just like many other areas of study.
Basically the Sociology courses are split up for specialization as courses in Social Studies (sociology), Criminology, Family Studies, Youth studies, etc.
Top Destinations for Sociology
The below is a list of country destinations ranked by order of popularity and preference.
Top ranked universities offering courses in Sociology
Some of the top universities globally are the Cambridge University, Durham University and Bath University in the UK. It is important to consider the reputation of the university, especially when pursuing such non-vocational qualifications. The student must consider the fees, cost of living, requirement of financial support, etc.
The following is the list of world-wide universities, ranked by the QS World-Universities ranking.
Popular study programs offered:
By Oxford University –
By University of Cambridge –
By Stanford University –
By Harvard University –
Future Opportunities and Career Prospects
One of the most popular and sought after careers by students taking up sociology courses is the field of academics. The position of social researcher, gathering, analysing and producing information concerned with communities, covering various aspects of vulnerable sections of the society are some vital job roles for those with sociology graduation. Having said this, it does not mean that a sociologist’s roles are confined only these areas. The modern world is in search of potential students who have great ability in people-skills. This means that interaction with the society and public at large is vital for fields like business, science and technology, law, journalism, etc., and thus Sociology finds its necessity in multiple areas.