Today, Canada has become an ideal place for higher education studies sought by many prospective international students. The country has a rich history, from its Indigenous people to European colonization, and not to forget immigrant integration. Which has shaped a culture of diversity and inclusion that makes this planet's second-largest country a welcoming home not only for its citizens but also for the many people coming from all sides of the world.
Many of the Canadian universities are present in reputed international rankings, and a new strategy set by the Ministry of Education of Canada focuses on increasing the number of international students in the country. It is also regarded as one of the safest countries in the world, with a low crime rate. According to Global News, in terms of social progress and development, Canada was ranked the second country in the world with the highest quality of life.
The detailed educational plan provided by Canadian universities encourages international students to pursue part-time jobs during their Bachelor's or Master's studies and to remain in the country for work opportunities after graduation. Toronto, Vancouver, Ottawa, Montreal, and Quebec cover for the largest international student population and the regions provide a vibrant and lively atmosphere. In the said country, students can surely combine an enriching academic life with diverse and entertaining leisure activities.
The university or college that one chooses to go to can have a significant impact on the rest of one's life. That's why it is better to have some research about the universities and their rankings.
Canadian universities have a long history and reputation in terms of academic performance, research, and high graduate employability rate. Many of the Canadian higher education institutions compete with leading and famous universities of the world (For instance, top-ranked universities from the United States and the United Kingdom).
According to the QS World University Rankings 2019, following are the top 15 universities in Canada:
Canada offers quality education and globally recognized degrees. Most study programs delivered by the Canadian universities focus a lot on research and technology and provides a chance to students to engage in intriguing experiments and projects, meant to provide them a complete study experience, based on innovation, re-creation and forward-thinking. Some of the most popular courses in Canada are as follows:
Canada has very affordable education fees in comparison to other developed countries which becomes a prime reason for students opting for this country for their higher education. The country is renowned for its exceptional quality of life and the opportunities available to those who live there, but there are many essential things one needs to know about before making a move
Though, living costs in Canada vary a lot because of the vast territory the country covers but estimated living expenses vary between $20,000 and $30,000, in Canadian dollars, per annum. It includes accommodation costs, travel, food, textbooks, weather-appropriate clothing, and entertainment expenses as well. Generally, living in urban areas (in or near a big city) is more expensive than living in smaller towns or suburban areas. The most expensive cities to live in Canada are Toronto in Ontario, Vancouver in British Columbia, Victoria in British Columbia, Hamilton-Burlington in Ontario, Calgary in Alberta, etc. Whereas the least expensive cities are Abbotsford in British Columbia, St. Catherine's in Ontario, Moncton in New Brunswick, the province of Quebec, and more. Students should be able to meet the costs mentioned above while they are studying in Canada. Prices may increase by about 5% to 7% per year due to inflation and other external factors.
The job prospects after studying in Canada are lovely. The Canadian universities are the proud owner of having more than 5000 global tie-ups. The course curriculum in Canada is very industry-oriented. Hence, more than 90% of the graduates get employed in less than six months after graduating from their respective courses in Canada.
In Canada, Customized jobs are available in such a manner that they adhere to all the visa guidelines. Jobs are regarded as a path to earn some extra cash and interact with students from all over the world. In a sense, part-time jobs give students a complete experience of the student culture and life prevalent in the country. Following are the most popular on-campus jobs that a student can take up at Canadian universities:
All intelligent mammals are common by a couple of characteristics: family bonding, a sense of direction and an earnest desire to make thing convenient for their species. Humans are no different. Since the advent of time, from the Neanderthals to our generation, human beings have invented, discovered and developed tools and techniques in order to bring about convenience and comfort for us. The pulley, the lever, the wheel – all these creations are a testament to mankind’s tendency for ease. And that is how the area of engineering comes about.
Engineering is defined as the creative and innovative application of the principles, methods, and techniques of science and mathematics to bring about design, manufacturing, operating, maintenance and development of apparatus, machinery, structures, and organizations. It has perpetually been one of the most primary and prominent fields of work and study. It is a dynamic and continuous area of education. It adapts and upgrades with any change in the political, social and technological perspective in the world. In addition to this, engineers are constantly at work to ensure that the operation of an apparatus is being executed in a way that ensures safety and complete efficiency. The historical standing of engineering is apparent in the existence of various monuments and structures, from the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt and the Great Wall of China to the Eiffel Tower in Paris and the Statue of Liberty in the United States of America. Even in current times, engineering strives to design, produce and develop technological solutions to problems that hinder the progress of the species.
Engineering is a broad discipline and is suitably divided into a number of sub-disciplines to facilitate easy understanding and better education. The disciplines are defined according to certain criteria:
The work a certain discipline carries out, i.e., the field of life where education in a discipline can be applied
The materials or elements a certain discipline works with
Numerous engineering students study only one discipline so as to ensure specialization in the field. However, a few students may choose to study multiple fields in order to build up their skill-set. Some of the branches of engineering are listed below:
Chemical Engineering: It involves the application of the principles of chemistry, biology, and physics in order to execute and implement chemical processes on a commercial scale. It consists of activities such as the manufacture of specialty chemicals, petroleum refining, fermentation, etc.
Civil Engineering: This branch is centered around the design and construction of public and private structures such as buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels, and facilities such as airports, water supply, etc.
Electrical Engineering: This discipline is the study, design, and production of electronic systems and devices. It centers around electrical circuits, instrumentation, telecommunications, optical fibers, and electromagnetic elements.
Mechanical Engineering: This branch is focused on the design and production of physical and mechanical systems such as transportation, engines, compression technology, weaponry, vibration isolation systems and such.
Petroleum Engineering: Petroleum engineering is the branch of engineering that is concerned with the activities involved in the production and handling of crude oil and natural gas. The branch combines science with geophysical elements.
Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineering, further divided into aeronautical and astronautical engineering, is the branch of engineering that centers around the design, invention, upgrading, development, and maintenance of aircraft and spacecraft.
Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineering is the branch of engineering which combines the principles and concepts of engineering to medicinal and biological sciences. It seeks to integrate the problem-solving and designing tendencies of the former to the requirements and functioning of the latter.
Other than the aforementioned branches, there exist a myriad more of branches that cover a wide range of topics:
With the passage of time, certain branches of engineering have come to assume greater importance than they did in the past. For instance, with the technology boom, human life has grown dependent on machines and devices to a far greater extent, thus contributing to the growth of computer engineering and information technology. With mankind’s efforts to discover our earthly atmosphere and our galaxy, aerospace engineering has risen astronomically over the past few years.
Universities across the world offer educational degrees in the subject of engineering at all levels. Students of the subject possess degrees such as:
Bachelors of Technology (B. Tech)
Bachelors of Science (B. Sc)
Masters of Technology (M. Tech)
Masters of Science (M. Sc)
Some universities also offer doctorates in various subjects. Engineering is taught across the world by some of the best universities in the world such as Harvard University, Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, University of California – Berkeley, etc. The United States of America is favored by students from all over the world owing to its educational and technological prowess. The courses taught at a multitude of institutes teach subjects like crystallization, compensation, measurement, risk analysis, engineering economics, traction, yield and a multitude of other related topics.
The profession of engineering is one of the most high-paying, consistent and secure jobs in the employment market. Since the area strives on development and progress, engineers are always highly in demand from a variety of sectors. As mentioned before, engineering is a continually growing profession, taking into consideration the constant changes in the world. For instance, the rising issue of environmentalism has dictated that engineers take the rising levels of pollution and the rise in temperatures into account while designing, creating and developing any machinery, equipment or technique. Engineers find employment in the following sectors or capacities:
Engineering Group Manager
Research and Development
Department incorporates outlets such as production, mechanical, electrical, etc.
Hence, what started out as a survival instinct for mankind has today transformed into a profound area of study and profession. Considering its wide subject range and its high employability, it is of little surprise that millions of students all around the world choose to pursue engineering.