From of the advent of our planet’s existence as a heated bundle of elements and gases to its current position as possibly the only planet in the galaxy with life, the species that have traversed its vast plane of existence have one factor in common – imparting knowledge onto to younglings so as to ensure further survival of their respective species. Whether it’s the mother elephant teaching her daughter direction, or lions teaching their cubs to hunt, species for long have been known for their tendencies to teach the younger generation, not just to maintain a base of knowledge but also to bring about additions to the knowledge through the younger generation’s own experiences and insights. This primal instinct is what contributed to the idea of education as we know it.
What is Education
Education is defined as the process of facilitating learning and fostering the acquisition of skills, beliefs, knowledge, and values. It has transformed greatly from what was a base, primal survival instinct to an absolutely essential, and prized, characteristic. A learned person is often referred to, in layman’s terms, a person with an education. In current times, an education is mostly considered the absolute minimum any adult must possess before trying to earn a livelihood. Historically, education has perpetually been known as the weapon of the masses, with Plato founding the Academy in Athens, the first institute of higher education in Europe. Confucius, of China, spread his teachings, philosophies, principles, beliefs and perspectives throughout the country, with the reverence the public held him with taking the knowledge across borders. Even now, countries like China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam follow his principles in their governance. Most countries’ constitutions preach a Right To education, an act that makes a certain level of schooling compulsory for all children of the country, effectively deeming it the government’s responsibility to avail education to those who cannot afford it for themselves.
Types of Education
Education is a wide-ranged activity. It is divided into various types depending upon a number of criteria:
It is important to note that an individual, throughout the course of his or her life, may undergo more than one type of education. In addition to this, it is also of paramount importance to note that education is not meant to be meted out to just children. Education is an asset that could be put into use at all stages of life, the reason why so many countries across the world are home to adult education centers. The different types of education are listed:
Curriculum and Degrees in Education
Education is an extremely popular choice for students all around the world owing to the nobility of the area. Education as a subject is taught in major universities across the world:
Developed countries hold the advantage of access to better technology over developing countries which explains their popularity among students all over the world. Although the subject matter differs on the basis of university, region and such factors, all education programs hold common topics such as child psychology, teaching techniques and such. Education in the field of education is meted out at all levels – bachelors’, masters’ and doctorates. The degree a student receives at the bachelors’ level is a Bachelors’ of Education (B. Ed). Multiple countries also require a certificate from a training institute.
There are various careers that one could pursue in the field of education:
The branch of education is dynamic and constantly growing as the field has to consistently take into stride world developments and infuse their effects into the knowledge that is being meted out. Thus, it is of little doubt that its value as a field of study and a job prospect is perpetually on the rise.
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