What is medicine?
Medicine is referred to the science or practice of identification/diagnosis and treatment of diseases. A wide variety of medical practices are included under the umbrella of medicine. Medicine encompasses numerous healthcare practices in order to treat and further eliminate maladies related to the living beings. It is a vocational profession that equips one with the theoretical and practical aspects of clinical responsibilities involved in health care. It involves a practical study of medicine concerning biology and anatomy. Medicine as a profession is a very wide spectrum that encompasses a number of courses and medical practices. It enables one to study the foundations of medicinal science. Apart from this, one is exposed to the latest medicinal developments in medicine. Pursuing a course in the medical field can make a person consider the ethical values in the healthcare industry today. They understand the significance of the value of human life which inspires to pursue with the required diligence.
Branches of Medicine
There is a comprehensive list when it comes to the branches of medicine. The basic sciences that are involved in the medicinal parlance are mentioned below:
• Biomechanics ( Studying the structure and function of biological systems by way of mechanics )
• Biostatistics ( This field involves the application of Statistics into the broader biological fields of study and practice )
• Biophysics ( This field involves the study of biological systems with the help of physics and physical chemistry )
• Genetic Science
• Medical Physics
• Molecular Biology
• Nutritional Science
• ENT ( The study of medicine concerning Ear, Nose, and Throat )
The above-mentioned list enlists the branches of alternative medicine. Alternative medicine involves the scientific form of study of medicine. Whereas, the non-scientific form of study of medicine is commonly known as traditional medicine or folk medicine.
The above-mentioned branches are the basic sciences involved in medicine. They are segmented to suit the individual interests of the person wanting to pursue medicine. Medicine is a very wide spectrum and hence, it is important that we segment the same into different branches in order to make it seem organized and less complex to those who are oblivious to the field of medicine.
Broadly speaking, medicine is deemed to have two specialties apart from the basic sciences. These can be segmented into medicine and surgery. The term Medicine is associated with the non-operative aspect of medicine that involves the theoretical training. Whereas, the term Surgery is associated with the operative aspect of medicine. However, the non-operative specialty of medicine also requires a special preliminary training in order to be qualified to pursue the relevant field of work. Surgery basically provides the manual of operation and the usage of instrumental techniques on a patient in order to deal with a specific malady or illness.
There are different surgical disciplines that one can consider specializing in:
• General Surgery
• Ophthalmic Surgery
• Cardiovascular Surgery
• Colorectal Surgery
• Neuro Surgery
• Oral Surgery
• Oncologic Surgery
• Orthopedic Surgery
• Plastic Surgery
• Podiatric Surgery
• Transplant Surgery
• Trauma Surgery
• Vascular Surgery
• Pediatric Surgery
Degrees in Medicine
The medical field is considered one of the respected professions across the world. But when we think of medicine, generally an image of MBBS rises in our head. Medicine is beyond MBBS. Hence, it becomes important to do away with the common misconception of the restriction of the study of medicine by presenting the list of popular medical courses below:
• Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ( Commonly known as MBBS )
• Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( B.D.S )
• Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (B.H.M.S)
• Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S)
• Doctorate of Medicine ( M. D. )
• Master of Surgery ( M. S. )
• Doctorate of Medicine ( D. M. )
• Bachelor of Pharmacy ( B. Pharm )
• BSc in Nursing
• B.P.T in Physiotherapy
• B.O.T in Occupational Therapy
• B.U.M.S in Unani Medicine
• Medical Diploma in Ayurvedic and Siddha Medicine
• Bachelor of Medical Lab Technician
• Doctorate of Medicine in Microbiology
• Doctorate of Medicine in Physiology
• Doctorate of Medicine in Pathology
As mentioned in the list, the courses offered in medicine are varied and customized in nature. A student enrolled into a medical field can opt for specialization in a distinct subject or even a sub-subject. Hence, the medical field is highly segmented in that way. Applying for these courses to an efficient college or an institution can really make a difference. A good institution can mirror the teaching and research methods in an exceptional way. This can help students to have more clarity regarding the subject that they want to specialize in. Some renowned educational institutions conduct entrance exams in order to be qualified to obtain an admission into the same. In India, NEET is an entrance exam which is conducted every year across the country. Students intending to pursue such programs are required to appear for the entrance exam.
There are a plethora of career opportunities in the field of medicine. Medical entities and other such organizations are always looking for people with notable medical and clinical expertise in a particular subject. They want to hire research scholars. The idea is to improvise the functioning of the medical and healthcare world. Some of the jobs that are directly related to medicine are mentioned below:
• Clinical Radiologist
• General Practice Doctor
• Hospital Doctor
• Physician associate
• Adult Nurse
• Children’s nurse
• Healthcare scientist, in genomics
• Higher education lecturer
• International aid
• Development worker
• Medicinal chemist
• Mental health nurse
• Science writer
• Research scientist
Hence, a medical degree would be useful in all the above-mentioned professions. Medicine itself is a very noble profession. Hence, working in an aid agency or a hospital is always looked up to by people and organizations. Before applying for any of the mentioned jobs, training of a specific duration is required in order to equip the candidate with the necessary skill set which to perform their duties further efficiently and with precision.
Canada, ranked amongst the top 10 countries of the world by United Nations, is known for its eminent education, excellent institutions and quality of life. It has the top institutions and universities which provide excellent education to students from all over the world, thereby becoming one of the top choices for studying abroad.
A number of Canadian Institutes provide exchange programs for its students, all over the globe, which gives them the right exposure and a great experience to learn and develop as an individual. Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta and Quebec are the top hubs for education in Canada where a number of international students prefer.
The country spends a lot on providing the best education to its students. Various undergraduate degrees, postgraduate courses, diploma, advanced diploma, etc. are being provided in most of the Canadian Universities.University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, University of Alberta, University of Waterloo and York University are counted among the best universities in Canada.
Canada can be a great choice for students planning to pursue higher degrees of education because of the high standards and lower cost of living. The universities provide excellent infrastructure and facilities, which makes it a highly favored study abroad destination.
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