Profit and Loss Formula – Best Way to Calculate Profit & Loss

Profit and Loss formula is utilized in science to decide the cost of an item in the market and see how productive a business is. Each item has a cost and selling cost. In view of the estimations of these costs, we can ascertain the profit picked up or the loss of cash for a specific item.

The significant terms taken care of here are expense cost and fixed, variable and semi-variable cost, selling cost, marked cost, list value, margin and so forth. Additionally, we will become familiar with the benefit and misfortune rate recipe here. 

Profit and Loss Formula

For instance, for a retailer, if the value of selling cost is more than the cost of an item, at that point it’s a benefit and if the cost is more than the selling value, it turns into a loss. Here, right now, will talk about benefit as well as loss ideas alongside tricks/shortcuts to tackle issues dependent on it.

  • Profit –  The amount earned after selling a product more than its cost price
  • Loss – The amount earned is less than its cost price, then it is a loss.
  • Fixed cost: It is a cost that is fixed under all situations and does not vary.
  • Variable cost: Variable cost is a cost that fluctuates according to the number of units.
  • Semi-variable cost: These costs are fixed in part and vary in others.
  • Selling Price: The cost at which an item is sold is called the selling price.
  • Marked Price: Do retailers set up costs on the mark that they wish to sell on or they set up an inflated cost? On the off chance that you think intently, the majority share the retailer’s mark-up with their items, fully expecting the limits they would bring to the table. Increase the cost ahead of time, offer a rebate and cause the client to feel cheerful, and afterward sell the item.
  • List Price: List cost or the label cost is the value that is imprinted on the tag of the article. For every single pragmatic reason, we accept it to be the same as the checked cost. 
  • Margin: The benefit rate on selling cost is known as MARGIN.

Model 1: Pranav sells an article at a markdown of 80% and gets a benefit of 60% on that article to ascertain the increase over the cost? 


Let us put the above definitions being used. 
Let us expect that Cost Price = Rs 100. 
In this way, Selling Price = Rs 160. 
Presently, subsequent to giving a rebate of 80% over MP, Rs 160 is the SP. 
Allow the Marked To value: MP 
SP = 20% of MP 
160 = 20% of MP 
MP = 800 
% Mark Up = (700/100) × 100 = 700 %.

Profit And Loss Formulas And Tricks

As you have learned as of recently how to compute profit just as loss and furthermore the level of them. Presently let us become familiar with certain tricks or equations to tackle math issues dependent on increase and loss, beginning from the general formulas. 

  • Profit, P = SP – CP; SP>CP 
  • Loss, L = CP – SP; CP>SP 
  • P% = (P/CP) x 100 
  • L% = (L/CP) x 100 
  • SP = {(100 + P)/100} x CP 
  • SP = {(100 – L)/100} x CP 
  • CP = {100/(100 + P)} x SP 
  • CP = {100/(100 – L)} x SP 
  • Rebate = MP – SP 
  • SP = MP – Discount 
  • For wrong weight, benefit rate will be P% = (True weight – wrong weight/wrong weight) x 100. 
  • When there are two effective benefits state m% and n%, at that point the net rate benefit equivalents to (m+n+mn)/100 
  • At the point when the benefit is m% and deficit is n%, at that point the net % benefit or shortfall will be: (m-n-mn)/100.

1: A thing is bought for Rs. 1200 and is sold for Rs. 1400. What amount of benefit is made on the same? 

Sol: As given CP = 1200, SP = 1400. Benefit = SP – CP ⇒ 1400 – 1200 = Rs. 200. 

2: A seat is bought for Rs. 6500 and is sold for Rs. 7500. What amount of benefit is made on the equivalent? 

Sol: As given CP = 6500, SP = 7500. Benefit = SP – CP ⇒ 7500 – 6500 = Rs. 1000. 

3: A jug is bought for Rs. 80 and is sold for Rs. 65. What is his benefit or misfortune in Rs? 

Sol: As given CP = 80, SP = 65. Benefit = SP – CP ⇒ 65 – 80 = Rs. – 15.

Profit And Loss Percentage formula

  • Profit rate formula: The profit percent can be determined as: 
  • Profit % = 100 × Profit/Cost Price. 
  • Percentage Loss: The loss percent can be determined as; 
    • Loss % = 100 × Loss/Cost Price.

1. A pen is bought for Rs. 20 and is sold for Rs. 26. What is the rate benefit earned? 

Sol: Here CP = 20, SP = 26. Benefit = SP – CP ⇒ 26 – 20 = Rs. 6. 
Benefit % = 100 × Profit/Cost Price ⇒ 100 × 6/20 = 30%. 

2. A cup is bought for Rs. 160 and is sold for Rs. 128. What is the benefit or misfortune rate? 

Sol: Here CP = 160, SP = 128. Benefit = SP – CP ⇒ 128 – 160 = – 32. Again a negative benefit of 32 methods it is a misfortune. 
Benefit % = 100 × Profit/Cost Price ⇒ 100 × (- 32)/160 ⇒ = – 20%.

Profit And Loss Formula In Accounting

The profit and loss (P&L) statement is a budget summary that condenses the incomes, expenses, and costs caused during a predetermined period, typically a financial quarter or year. The P&L explanation is synonymous with the income statement.

These records give data about an organization’s capacity or failure to create benefit by expanding income, diminishing expenses, or both. Some allude to the P&L explanation as a statement of benefit and misfortune, income statement, proclamation of tasks, explanation of money related outcomes or pay, profit proclamation or cost articulation.

  • The P&L statement is a financial statement that outlines the incomes, expenses, and costs brought about during a predetermined period. 
  • The P&L statement is one of three budget summaries each open organization gives quarterly and yearly, alongside the asset report and the income statement. 
  • It is essential to analyze P&L explanations from various bookkeeping periods, as the adjustments in incomes, working expenses, R&D spending, and net profit after some time are more significant than the numbers themselves. 
  • Together with the asset report and income explanation, the P&L statements give a top to bottom glance at an organization’s money related execution.
  • The P&L explanation is a fiscal report that condenses the incomes, expenses, and costs brought about during a predefined period. 
  • The P&L articulation is one of three fiscal summaries each open organization gives quarterly and every year, alongside the monetary record and the income statement. 
  • It is essential to look at P&L statements from various bookkeeping periods, as the adjustments in incomes, working expenses, R&D spending, and net profit after some time are more significant than the numbers themselves. 
  • Together with the asset report and income articulation, the P&L statement gives an inside and out gander at an organization’s budgetary presentation.

To compute net benefit, follow this way: 

  • Deduct limits and allowances from your gross salary (barring VAT) to get your overall gain. 
  • Deduct the expense of deals from your total compensations to locate your gross benefit. 
  • Deduct overheads from your gross benefit to get your working benefit. 
  • Deduct some other costs from your operating benefit (in addition to some other pay) to discover your benefit before the charge.
  • Deduct tax to arrive at your net benefit or overall deficit.

Profit And Loss Formula In Excel

As a large portion of you know, Microsoft Excel can be an exceptionally amazing accounting instrument for anybody maintaining their very own private venture. It empowers clients to effectively and successfully monitor cash coming in and leaving the organization with simple-to-follow spreadsheets and equations that are easy to utilize when computing benefits and costs. Here is a speedy guide on the best way to ascertain benefits by assembling a spreadsheet in Excel. This guide can work in all renditions of MS Excel.

Start the Excel program and select four segments and two or three lines, with the correct snap of the mouse. The following stage is to tap on the Insert tab and afterward on Table. Compose the accompanying qualities in the segments: Income, Expenses, Profit, and Percentage. Fill in the Income and Expenses sections. 

When you have done that, you can choose the cash you are working with on the strip. You can discover the cash settings when you click on the Home tab. The dollar sign is in the Number area.

At the point when you click on it, you will see the drop-down menu.

  • To get your profit percentage, enter the percentage formula for Excel “=a2-b2” into the c2 Profit cell. 
  • When you have determined the benefit sum, drag the side of the cell to incorporate the remainder of your table. 
  • So as to ascertain your profit percentage, enter the accompanying recipe into the clear cell under Percentage: = c2/a2. 
  • When you have gotten your profit percentage, drag the side of the cell to incorporate the remainder of your table. 
  • You’ll see that you don’t have a benefit rate recorded at present, yet head over to the General tab up top and select Percentage. 
  • The profit percentage will be obviously introduced for every cell.
  • You can utilize the =SUM work as the complete benefit equation to figure the aggregate sum of cash you have earned. So right now, we would need to drag segment ‘C’: till the last info and at the cell after the last information include = SUM work.

Profit And Loss Formula With Example

Question 1: An article is bought for Rs. 450 and sold for Rs. 500. Discover the increase percent. 


  • Addition = SP – CP = 500 – 450 = 50. 
  • Gain% = (50/450)*100 = 100/9 % 

Question 2: A woman sold a fan for Rs. 465. Find the cost that he brought about lost 7%. 


  • CP = [100/(100 – Loss %)] * SP 
  • Subsequently, the cost of the fan = (100/93)*465 = Rs. 500

Question 3: In an exchange, the profit percentage is 80% of the expense. In the event that the cost further increments by 20% yet the selling value continues as before, what amount is the decline in benefit rate? 


  • Let us expect CP = Rs. 100. 
  • At that point Profit = Rs. 80 and selling cost = Rs. 180. 
  • The cost increments by 20% → New CP = Rs. 120, SP = Rs. 180. 
  • Benefit % = 60/120 * 100 = half. 
  • Along these lines, Profit diminishes by 30%.

Question 4: A man got some toys at the rate of 10 for Rs. 40 and sell them at 8 for Rs. 35. Discover his benefit or loss percent. 


  • Cost of 10 toys = Rs. 40  CP of 1 toy = Rs. 4. 
  • Selling cost of 8 toys = Rs. 35   SP of 1 toy = Rs. 35/8 
  • In this way, Gain = 35/8 – 4 = 3/8. 
  • Addition percent = (3/8)/4 * 100 = 9.375%

Question 5: The cost of 10 pens is equivalent to the selling cost of n pens. On the off chance that there is lost 40%, around what is the estimation of n? 


  • Leave the cost of each pen alone Re. 1. 
  • At that point the cost of n pens is Rs. n and 
  • The selling cost of n pens is Rs. 10. 
  • Misfortune = n-10. 
  • Loss of 40% → (loss/CP)*100 = 40 
  • In this way, [(n-10)/n]*100 = 40 → n = 17 (approx)

Question 6: An untrustworthy vendor sells his basic food item utilizing loads 15% less than the genuine loads and makes a benefit of 20%. Locate his complete gain percentage. 


  • Let us consider 1 kg of basic food item packs. Its real weight is 85% of 1000 gm = 850 gm. 
  • Leave the cost of every gram alone Re. 1. At that point the CP of each sack = Rs. 850. 
  • SP of 1 kg of pack = 120% of the genuine CP 
  • In this manner, SP = 120/100 * 1000 = Rs. 1200 
  • Addition = 1200 – 850 = 350 
  • Consequently Gain % = 350/850 * 100 = 41.17%

Profit And Loss Ratio Calculations 

A benefit/loss proportion is a proportion of the capacity of a specific exchanging framework to produce benefit rather than loss. 

A framework’s benefit/loss proportion is determined by taking the normal benefit from every single winning exchange partitioned by the normal misfortunes on all losing exchanges over a self-assertive timeframe. 

The benefit/loss proportion quantifies how an exchanging procedure or framework is performing. Clearly, the higher the proportion the better. Many exchanging books call for in any event a 2:1 proportion. For instance, if a framework had a triumphant normal of $750 per exchange and a normal misfortune over a similar time of $250 per exchange, at that point the benefit/misfortune proportion would be 3:1.

A reliably strong benefit/misfortune proportion can urge a dealer to use wagers on a similar technique trying to create more prominent total benefits. On the other hand, an unsuitable benefit/misfortune proportion would prompt an assessment of the methodology or framework utilized to discover feeble connections. Maybe the broker will choose to forsake a methodology or framework out and out if the proportion can’t adequate gains or in any event, causing capital misfortunes.


What is profit and loss formula?

Ans. Formula: Loss = Cost value (C.P.) – Selling Price (S.P.) Profit or Loss is constantly determined on the cost. Marked Price: This is the cost set apart as the selling cost on an article, otherwise called the Listed cost

What is Profit formula?

Ans. The profit formula is expressed as a rate, where all costs are first subtracted from sales, and the outcome is isolated by sales. The formula is: (Sales – Expenses) ÷ Sales.  

What is the profit percentage formula?

Ans. Profit percentage formula: The benefit percent can be determined as: Profit % = 100 × Profit/Cost Price. Percentage Loss: The loss percent can be determined as; Loss % = 100 × Loss/Cost Price.

What is the formula for selling price?

Ans. Selling cost is the aggregate sum of cash that will be gotten so this needs to speak to 100% with the end goal of this figuring. In essential terms, nourishment costs + gross profit = selling cost.

What is a good profit margin?

Ans. A 10% net revenue is viewed as normal, a 20% edge is viewed as high (or “great”), and a 5% edge is low.

/ Exam, General

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Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world’s # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing verticals for top MNCs and Indian business houses.

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