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Canada vs India : Education System, Cost of living, Life (2022)

Written by  Vishesh Chogtu

Published on Tue, May 31, 2022 7:57 AM   Updated on Tue, April 11, 2023 8:57 AM   9 mins read

Canada vs. India argument will require extensive research and in-depth analysis. After all, there are a variety of reasons why Canada is superior to India and vice versa. By providing high placements and quality education, Indian institutes have grown in value year after year. While the majority of Indian students choose to continue their education in their home country, individuals who wish to study abroad might consider Canada. With approximately 1.8 million people of Indian ancestry living in Canada, it has quickly become one of the most popular places for Indians looking to study or settle down. So, let’s see which country wins in this extensive comparison of India vs. Canada.

Education System in Canada vs India

When comparing the educational systems of the two countries, numerous remarkable aspects emerge. In India, public education is free for children aged 6 to 14. In Canada, compulsory education is free up to the 12th grade (16-18 years of age, depending on the province). Private schools exist in both nations, but just 5% of pupils in Canada attend them. In Canadian public schools, education is of the highest level. Leading private schools could charge anywhere from CAD 6,000 to 12,000 each year (approx. INR 3.55-7.10 lakhs).

Cost of higher education in Canada varies per institution and ranges from CAD 2,500 to 8,000. (INR 1.47-4.71 lakhs). It is less expensive than education in the United States. At the same time, among the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries, Canada has the greatest proportion of post-secondary graduates. Primary (K-5th Grade), secondary (6th-10th Grade), and upper secondary (11th and 12th Grades) levels of education exist in India. Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctorate degrees are all part of the higher education structure. Primary education lasts eight years, followed by two years of secondary and senior secondary education.

In most situations, undergraduate degrees take three to four years to complete, while postgraduate studies take two to three years to complete. According to reports, engineering, medicine, IT, law, architecture, and MBA programmes are the most popular among Indian students. Humanities and pure scientific courses are also gaining popularity.

The Ontario Senior Secondary Diploma (OSSD), often known as the Canadian High School Diploma, can be acquired anywhere if you have 30 high school course credits. Students must pass the OSSLT (Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test) and complete 40 hours of community service. It is required between Grades 9 and 12, and 18 of the 30 credits are required. The remaining 12 credits are up to the students. Science, Mathematics, English, Canadian Geography, Canadian History, French, Arts, Career Studies, Health and Physical Education, and Civics are all required subjects.

Additional credits or third languages, as well as humanities, social sciences, and Canadian and World Studies, can be incorporated. Business Studies, Arts, Physical Education, and Cooperative Education are also options. They can simply transfer previous academic experience into credit.

The OSSD emphasises active community participation and volunteering. The standardised examination for Grade 10 assesses students’ writing, reading, and comprehension skills. If students fail to pass the OSSLT after two attempts, they may take an additional course to gain credits in Grades 11 and 12. Students who complete the OSSD and obtain international exposure receive diplomas on par with on-campus Canadian students. The OSSD is widely accepted in the United States, the United Kingdom, Europe, and Singapore.

In a variety of subjects, Canada’s higher education system is among the greatest in the world. This country has some of the best institutions and colleges in the world, that is amongst one of the main reasons why Indian students opt to study here. Pharmacology, finance, management, business administration, software engineering, chemical or petroleum engineering, geosciences, and other subjects are also popular.

Study in Canada vs India

With current reforms, education in India is taking a new direction. Learning resources were scarcer after independence than they are now. Indian students are disciplined, multi-taskers, knowledgeable, and able to handle pressure thanks to a stringent, theoretical, and thorough education system.

Check out the top universities in Canada Vs India:

India Canada
University of DelhiUniversity of Toronto
Indian Institute of Technology, BombayMcGill University 
Indian Institute of Technology, KanpurUniversity of British Columbia 
Indian Institute of Technology, MadrasUniversity of Montreal  
Indian Institute of Technology, DelhiUniversity of Alberta 
Indian Institute of Technology, KharagpurMcMaster University 
Indian Institute of ScienceUniversity of Waterloo 
Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityWestern University
Vellore Institute of TechnologyUniversity of Calgary
Savitribai Phule University Queen’s University

Cost of Living in Canada vs India

With regards to cost of living, you might wonder which country is better between India and Canada. When it comes to the expense of living, you could have a mixed feeling at first. However, it is worth repeating that the average wage in Canada is significantly greater and more customised to meet living expenses than in India.

Average earnings in India are nowhere near as proportional to growing inflation and living expenditures as average earnings in Canada.

  • Utility costs in Canada are CAD143.37 or INR 8,452 (about), while in India they are INR 2,386 (roughly). It covers the costs of water, garbage disposal, heating, and electricity for an 85-square-meter apartment.
  • In India, movie tickets cost roughly INR 175 (approx. ), while in Canada, they cost around CAD 10.79 (INR 636).
  • In Canada, clothing and footwear costs around CAD 91.29 (INR 5,399), while in India, they cost around CAD 50.18. (INR 2,957).
  • In India and Canada, internet costs are CAD18.58 (INR 1,095) and $43.30 (INR 2,552), respectively.
  • Canadians, on the other hand, have 69 percent more purchasing power than Indians.
  • Average rents in Canada are five times higher than in India, with a three-bedroom apartment in the City Centre costing $1,592.39 (INR 93,903) in Canada. For the same type of apartment in India, it costs CAD 388.60 or INR 28,890.
  • Transportation costs are also 71% greater in the United States than in India. In Canada, a new car (VW Golf in Canada, comparable model in India) will cost approximately CAD 20,043.14 or INR 11.81 lakhs. In India, it will cost roughly CAD 11,748.63, or INR 6.92 lakhs.
  • Canada has a higher cost of living than the United States. However, because of the significantly higher salaries and spending power, living standards are also higher here.

Top Courses in Canada vs India

Top courses in Canada vs India have been a popular search amongst students. Students are given the chance to bring their families along and finance their studies through scholarships and work-study programmes, in addition to receiving a high-quality education. Finally, once you’ve completed your studies, you can apply for Canadian citizenship by becoming a Canadian Permanent Resident.

Here are Top courses in Canada vs India. Check out the list below to find out best options.

Business Administration Business and Finance
Education  Media
Computer ApplicationActuarial Science 
EngineeringData Analytics 
 Agricultural Studies
 Mass Communication or Journalism

Eligibility Criteria in Canada vs India

To make the merit list, you’ll need an excellent foundation education and good marks. An entrance exam followed by an interview is also feasible at some private universities. Because the eligibility conditions are reduced, the application process becomes more easier.

Eligibility for Bachelor’s degree in IndiaEligibility for Master’s Degree in India
Completion of class 12th from a recognised institution with at least 50%A bachelor’s degree from a recognised university 
Passing the minimum cutoff for the entrance exam (depending on the university)Entrance exams like CAT,AMUEE, JNUEE etc
Personal Interview or Group Discussions (depending upon university)

Benefits of studying in Canada

Living in Canada has various advantages, including housing benefits and pensions, employment insurance, benefits for persons with disabilities, training, education, and families. Children of permanent residents in Canada are entitled to free education up to the 12th grade. The education system is divided into three levels: primary, secondary, and higher education. Permanent residents also pay significantly lower tuition rates at the university level.

It is not only citizens who benefit from social security benefits in Canada; immigrants who earn 40 credit points or labour for ten years also benefit (40 quarters). Residents can expect great career possibilities and tax refunds in the country, allowing them to live a better life. Survivor benefits for workers who have died are among the social benefits available.

Immigrants are guaranteed permanent residency under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. It’s one of the main reasons why overseas students work after graduation and apply for permanent residency in Canada.

The government and health agencies in Canada also provide Universal Healthcare. All permanent resident visa holders are entitled to free medical care, which includes coverage for prescription medications.

Life in Canada vs India

Canada is the world’s second-largest country. Over 80% of Canadians reside in cities, and more than two-thirds live within 100 kilometres of the southern border. Canadians enjoy one of the greatest living standards in the world and are among the top ten happiest countries in the planet.

Salary in Canada vs India

According to statistics, the average monthly wage in Canada after deductions is CAD 2,773.50, which is six times greater than the average monthly salary in India. In India, it costs only CAD 452.11. INR 1.63 lakhs (about) and INR 26,627, respectively, are the values.


✅ Is Canada better than India?

Ans: According to reports, despite being a more expensive country than India, Canada has a higher standard of living for its citizens. Canada provides its residents with superior healthcare and educational institutions, in addition to a higher standard of life.

✅ Is Canada for good Indians?

Ans: For many international students, Canada has become a hub for a significant variety of study abroad opportunities (Canadian Universities & Colleges). Because of the high quality of healthcare, the stable political system, and low crime and unemployment rates, it has become a popular destination for immigrants.

✅ How different is Canada from India?

Ans: India and Canada are both enormous countries. Canada’s population is small in comparison to India’s, about the equal of just one of India’s 29 or so states. There are about 200 languages spoken in India, with dozens of official languages. Only English and French are spoken in Canada.

✅ Where Canada is located?

Ans: Canada is situated in the upper part of North America, with three oceans separating it: the Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic. In reality, we have the world’s longest coastline. We have a nearly 9,000-kilometer land border with the United States to our south

About the Author & Expert


Vishesh Chogtu

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