Electrical Engineering

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Rachit Agrawal
Modified on 2020-02-13 
Read time: 7 mins

Electrical engineering is a discipline which is concerned with the designing, research, and further applications of the devices, systems, and equipment utilized in electronics, electromagnetism, and electricity. In the latter half of the 19th century, it was well-established as a known occupation. Commercialization of telephone, electric telegraph, and the most important, electrical power generation helped electrical engineering in being a known job. 

What is Electrical Engineering as a Subject?

One of the core courses in engineering in Electrical Engineering. Electrical Engineering deals with the study of the development, design, maintenance of the various electrical types of equipment and components. The electrical equipment is used in building and construction activities, as well as distribution and production of power. Aspirants of Electrical Engineering have to study about microprocessors and semiconductors. After completion of an undergraduate course in Electrical Engineering, the students are awarded a B.Tech or a B.E degree. After completion of B.Tech Electrical Engineering, the students can take up higher students like M.Tech in Electrical Engineering. 

Eligibility Criteria

Students have the option of opting for both Bachelors and Masters in Electrical Engineering. 

  • UG – In order to take up B.Tech or B.E in Electrical Engineering after Class 12th, an applicant needs to have over 60 per cent in Class 12th boards. However, many private universities in the country allow students at an aggregate of 55 per cent in 12th standard too.
  • PG – In order to do an M.Tech in Electrical Engineering, a student needs to have completed his/her B.Tech in Electrical Engineering. A minimum score of 60 per cent in UG is required in order to secure admissions in top technical institutions.

Various Entrance Exams for UG

  1. JEE Main
  2. JEE Advanced
  3. BITSAT
  4. UPSEE
  5. COMEDK
  6. WBJEE
  7. OJEE
  8. SRMJEEE

Various Entrance Exams for PG

  1. GATE
  2. IELTS/TOEFL
  3. GRE
  4. PTE

Electrical Engineering – Courses

Electrical Engineering as an option to study for graduation, post-graduation, and doctorate is quite famous in India and around the world. People from around the world look for the best educational institutions in order to take up the course and study the various subjects. The various courses in Electrical Engineering are as follows –

  • BE/BTech
  • ME/MTech
  • BSc
  • MSc
  • PhD

Core subjects in Electrical Engineering

Core subjects form the most important part of the curriculum in Engineering. For example, in Mechanical Engineering, the various core subjects include Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, Machine Design, Theory of Machines, and Physics. In a similar way, there are various core subjects which students have to study when they take up a course in Electrical Engineering. 

The various core subjects in Electrical Engineering

  1. Chemistry
  2. Physics
  3. Calculus
  4. Art of Programming
  5. Mathematics
  6. Elements of Electrical Engineering
  7. ICT Tools and Security
  8. Circuits in Digital Electronics
  9. Rotating AC Machine
  10. Control System Engineering
  11. Analog Electronic Circuits
  12. Microprocessor and Microcontroller
  13. Projects – Mini and Final Year

The various elective subjects in Electrical Engineering

  1. Renewable Energy Sources
  2. Electronic System Design
  3. Advanced Microprocessors
  4. Advanced Microcontrollers
  5. Computer Skills in Power System
  6. Signals and Systems
  7. Advanced Electrical Systems
  8. Reluctance Motors and Permanent Magnet Brushless
  9. Electromagnetic Compatibility
  10. High Voltage Transmission

What is the scope of Electrical Engineering?

Electrical engineering as a subject has a wide range of core areas where its proper functioning is important. It deals with areas like mobile technologies, wired, as well as wireless communications. It also considers various cross-functioning areas which include Electronics, Nanotechnology, and Biomedical Engineering. With the focus shifting to a more sustainable lively hood and usage of alternate technologies for electricity like the solar, wind and hydel power, the various MNCs are looking for professionals in power generation and hence Electrical Engineering graduates become relevant in the current changing dynamics. 

Universities to choose Electrical Engineering with Course fees

There are various renowned universities around the world were Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering. Generally, students opt for higher education like Masters in various engineering courses, including a Masters of Science in Electrical Engineering. Post the completion of course in Electrical Engineering, the graduates and post-graduates get an option to be recruited by various multinational companies, about which we would be talking in the coming parts of the article. 

 Course

 Course Fees – 1st-year total fees

Harvard University

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

 Rs. 58.9 Lakhs

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Science and Engineering

 Rs 50.3 Lakhs

Stanford University

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 56.6 Lakhs

California State University Los Angeles Campus

 BS in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 25.9 Lakhs

The University of Texas at Dallas

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 48.5 Lakhs

Northeastern University

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 48.5 Lakhs

The University of Illinois at Chicago

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 35.4 Lakhs

University at Buffalo

 BS in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 41.0 Lakhs

Georgia Institute of Technology

 Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

 Rs 36.4 Lakhs

Texas A & M University

 BEng Electrical Engineering

 Rs 42.0 Lakhs

The University of Melbourne

 Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Electrical Engineering)

 Rs 38.2 Lakhs

The University of Sydney

 Bachelor of Engineering Honours (Electrical Engineering)

 Rs 33.2 Lakhs

University of Bedfordshire

 BEng (Hons) Electrical Engineering

 Rs 15.5 Lakhs

The University of Adelaide

 Bachelor of Engineering (Honours)

 Rs 28.1 Lakhs

University of Nottingham

 BEng Electrical Engineering

 Rs 28.9 Lakhs

Job Profiles after Electrical Engineering

Many people think that Electrical Engineering is always about circuits and wires. But the fact is, it is much more than that. The Electrical Engineers are used in the power industry, construction, telecommunications, architecture, IT, Navigation, Automobile, Defence, Aerospace, etc. The electrical engineers help in maintaining and supervising power grids, as well as promoting research and development of the devices in electrical technology. 

Broadly, Electrical Engineering is required for the fields of Power and Telecommunication. 

  • Telecommunication Engineers: The engineers well-versed with telecommunication skills can work in the maintenance, as well as designing of the wired cables. They are also used for the production and maintenance of transceivers and receivers. The average salary ranges between Rs. 4 Lakhs initially, to as much as Rs. 12 Lakhs for experienced professionals. 
  • Power Engineers: These are generally involved in the transmission, or generation of electricity. Services like transmissions and the generation of electricity are sought the most in the automobile sector. This is because the manufacturing, designing, and maintenance of engines and control of power flow in them have to be taken care of by a professional. The average salary of a Power Engineer is about Rs. 4 Lakh per annum. 

Role of Electrical Engineers

There are various roles of an Electrical Engineer which includes services like Maintenance of power cables, production of electricity, and designing of various electrical equipment. Further, after completion of higher education in Electrical Engineering, a professional could also contribute to the growth of the subject itself through research. Let’s look at more details in the bullet points –

  • Operations, designing, and manufacturing of the electrical appliances in the power plants. This includes electrical motors, industrial machinery, automobile ignition systems, space-crafts, etc. 
  • Analysis of cost involved in the construction and manufacturing of the electrical equipment.
  • Research and development to improve the way electrical power is generated.
  • Studying about alternate technologies of power generation.

Jobs after Electrical Engineering

There are a number of options available for someone who has completed his/her studies in Electrical Engineering. With the rising awareness about sustainable living through alternative sources of energy, the need for electrical engineering professionals is only rising. The following is the list of various job profiles offered to Electrical Engineers –

  • Broadcast Engineer
  • Control And Instrumentation Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Electronics Engineer
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Systems Analyst
  • Consultant
  • Technical Sales

Top Companies recruiting Electrical Engineers

A lot of companies are always in search of professionals from Electrical Engineering. This is due to the fact that technology is changing, and in order to adapt to the changing requirements of the people, there have been increasing requirements for sustainable electrical equipment. As a result, apart from investing in the already available technologies, many electrical engineering professionals are being recruited to research more about advanced wireless and telecommunication technologies. The various companies recruiting Electrical Engineers are as follows –

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • Siemens
  • ABB India Limited
  • Havells India Limited
  • Adani Power Limited
  • Crompton Greaves
  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited
  • Bajaj Electricals Limited
  • Alstom India Limited
  • General Electrics
  • Larson & Turbo
  • Tata Electric Companies
  • Philips

About the Author

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Rachit AgrawalRachit believes in the power of education and has studied from the top institutes of IIIT Allahabad, IIM Calcutta, and Francois Rabelias in France. He has worked as Software Developer with Microsoft and Adobe. Post his MBA, he worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group across multiple geographies US, South-East Asia and Europe.

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