Course Finder


Written by  Piyush Bhartiya, MBA

Published on Tue, February 25, 2020 4:43 PM   Updated on Fri, July 23, 2021 7:54 AM   4 mins read

What is Sociology and why should one study it? Sociology if defined in a few words is the study of human behavior. Sociology covers the change in human behavior due to social norms or because of the environment around them. Much research is done in the field of sociology. This discipline provides many job opportunities for the career of the youth.


Areas of Sociology

To understand the subject of Sociology, the course is divided into 7 areas of the subjects. The subjects are categorized into the area for a better understand and a deeper insight into the subject of Sociology.

Below are the 7 areas of sociology each explained with detailing. Sociologists learn different categories and choose their favorite areas of study.

Also Read: Soft Skills

1. Social Organization

The patterns relationship which is formed between different groups of people or person is termed as a social organization. According to sociologists, a group is defined as two or more people interacting with each other. These people should know and identify themselves and share goals that those outside that specific group don’t.

2. Sociological Social Psychology

The second category of the area of sociology stressed the relation shared between people and the society’s structure. This revolves around the core of the subject. This area of the subjects adds up factors like health, race, gender, socialization, deviance, and group dynamics.

3. Social Change

Social change is the change in an organized society. Alteration in the behavior and its causes and effects. The social change depends on factors like the physical environment, population change, isolation and communication, and the use of technology.

4. Human Ecology

Study of the nature and human interaction with it is the fourth category of the area of sociology. This area informs how the society and its people act themselves with the resources available and their response to the environment. Various negative social acts come under this phenomenon.

Also Read: Social Science

5. Population and Demographics

The fifth category informs about the statistics of numbers concerning the population, composition, and effects of the population of the economy, politics, and society’s systems. The area also takes in the study of the mortality and fertility rates and also the effect of migratory scale.

6. Applied Sociology

This area revolves around solving the problems the society faces on a daily scale. The sociologists provide a solution on how to solve the problem of a particular location and its implementation.

7. Sociological Methods and Research

The last area of sociology is regarding the principles of deeper study of the environment people live in. It stresses on the factor of development.

Also Read: Metallurgy

What after graduation?

Unlike medicine and engineering, no specific subjects are needed for studying Sociology in college for graduation. But what after graduation? There is a wide range of career opportunities after students complete their graduation in Sociology. Students mostly enter the social sector or the sector which researches behavioral science. 

Teaching, marketing, and HR are some of the career opportunities students mostly opt after their graduation


✅ What does it mean to study sociology?

Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people interact within these contexts

✅ What do you learn in sociology?

Sociology is the study of the collective behavior, development, structure, and functioning of social institutions and organized groups. Courses in this discipline offer useful skills in topics such as group behavior, cross-cultural relations, and ethical issues

✅ Is sociology a science?

Sociology is a science because it adopts and applies the scientific method. Sociology does make use of scientific methods in the study of its subject matter. Hence Sociology is a science

About the Author & Expert


Piyush Bhartiya

Author • MBA • 20 Years

Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing verticals for top MNCs and Indian business houses.

Related Posts

Comments (0)