What is IELTS essay? Vocabulary, Sample question

Vishesh Chogtu
Modified on 2022-02-21 
Read time: 5 mins

Task 1 and Task 2 are the two tasks in the IELTS Writing section. Candidates for the latter must prepare an essay in response to a specified statement. Candidates must complete IELTS essay writing assignment 2 in 40 minutes and produce an essay of at least 250 words. Writing less than the required word count, on the other hand, will lower one’s band score.

The examiner also assesses the essay on a number of factors, including coherence and cohesiveness, lexical resource, grammatical variety and accuracy, and task achievement. Academic and General Training assessment requirements are nearly identical.

Writing Task 2 in IELTS essay

Many candidates find writing task 2 to be the most difficult, owing to the time constraints and the manner in which this assignment is approached. 

It’s always preferable to split the essay down into four steps:

Examine the situation.

  • Students must first analyse the question to see if it falls into one of the following categories:
    • Advantages and Disadvantages 
    • Double Question 
    • Discussion
    • Opinion- Agree or Disagree 
    • Problem Solution 

Choose a position

Candidates must choose the point of view they will offer in the essay. Students must state whether they agree or disagree with the assertion in an opinion essay.


During the essay, it is critical to brainstorm ideas. Candidates can pose questions to themselves such as:

  • What is the reason for this change?
  • What does it mean to bring cultures together?
  • What matters more in people’s lives nowadays?
  • If you can’t connect your thoughts logically and consecutively, you might lose points for coherence and cohesion.

Bringing ideas together

After the above-mentioned steps have been completed, students should further develop their ideas. They can do so by describing and expanding on each of their views, as well as providing instances to back them up.

Vocabulary for Writing Task 2 in the IELTS essay

Candidates are marked on their lexical resource, ie, their ability to manage and use different vocabulary depending on the topic of the IELTS essay.


  • It is universally accepted 
  • The essay will show that 
  • The essay will argue 
  • It appears that 
  • There is ample evidence 
  • Numerous studies have consistently found that 
  • Many people claim that 
  • It is often said 


  • Firstly, this essay will explain
  • Second of all 
  • For instance 
  • Secondly, this essay will describe 
  • First of all 

Consequently, As a result 

  • However 
  • The reason why
  • Example 
  • Consequently
  • As an effect 
  • As a result 

For example 

  • The best example is 
  • A perfect example
  • To illustrate 
  • For instance 
  • To paraphrase 


  • Finally 
  • To summarise 
  • In the end 
  • To sum up  
  • Collocations

Sample Question with Answers for IELTS essay

Essay on studying abroad is one of the most prevalent topics in the exam is IELTS. However, students frequently lose points on this issue because they believe it is simple and obvious, and hence do not feel the need to prepare for it. Pupils’ overall band score suffers as a result of this strategy.

Question: Many students now have the option of studying in a different country. While studying abroad may have some advantages for some students, it also has a substantial number of drawbacks. Discuss both sides of the debate and express your own viewpoint. (250 words)

Answer: Globalisation has had a significant impact on education in the modern era. Learners today have the option of studying in a different nation, and while there are certain disadvantages to studying abroad for some students, there are also many benefits. In the following paragraphs, I will explain why the benefits of studying abroad outweigh the disadvantages.

One of the benefits of studying abroad is the chance to meet individuals from various cultures and learn about their customs, cuisine, and language. For example, when a student goes abroad to study, he will be exposed to the people’s traditions and holidays, as well as a complete immersion in their language, which can be extremely beneficial.

Furthermore, it is undeniably true that industrialised countries have better academic staff and resources, allowing for higher-quality education. If the student chooses to return to his native country after completing his studies, the vast information and experience he has gained will significantly contribute to the country’s growth and development.

Task 2 Writing Tips for IELTS essay

Writing Task 2 can be completed successfully if the right strategies are used. As a result, candidates must adhere to the guidelines listed below in order to improve their IELTS results.

Answer all of the task’s questions.

To earn a high task achievement score, the candidate must react to all components of the work. To be able to achieve this, however, one must first practise.

It’s all about practise, practise, and more practise.

Before the exam, it is always a good idea to rehearse common essay subjects. The candidate will then know how to approach them, even if the same themes do not appear.

An essay should not be memorised.

Candidates must avoid memorising essays at any costs. If the same issue does not present, for example, the candidate will be unable to write about it. Unfortunately, this might also lead to a loss of marks.

Make extensive use of terminology.

In the IELTS essay on studying abroad, candidates should strive to employ transition phrases. They can use the words listed above to convey their thoughts.

Stick to the word count that has been set.

Writing Task 2 is 250 words long, as previously stated. Candidates should not write anything less than this. They must not, however, be more than 270 words in length.

To do well in Writing Task 2, candidates must use the correct language, strategies, and sample questions and responses.


✅ Can I take the IELTS Writing test again?

Ans. Individual IELTS parts cannot be retaken. If you are unhappy with your score, you can repeat the test or request that it be rechecked.

✅ How is the second writing task graded?

Ans. The following four criteria are used to grade Writing Task 2:
Accuracy and Grammatical Range
Task achievement
Coherence and cohesion of lexical resources

About the Author

Vishesh Chogtu

Comments (0)