Thanks to globalization, the world is at your fingertips, in a literal sense. Globalization has also impacted the education system. There are a plethora of good colleges and courses they offer which you can pursue.
In today’s scenario, just getting a degree isn’t just good enough. The question these days is; what is the addition that you can do to the degree? Addition in terms of; some work experience, learning some skills, or a degree from a reputed college. People now have become more strategic and more focus on the approach to their career in terms of education. They want to get the best and so many students prefer to get their graduation or post graduation from an overseas university which will give them the required boost in their career.
But getting an education at an overseas university or college is not a piece of cake. There are challenges that come with it. Challenges like a financial burden, proper course and university selection, complex admission process, the thought of staying away from home, visa process and language barrier and preparation exams.
With more and more students pursuing education from overseas, the admission process is challenging too. There are exams which need to be undertaken and the results form a base for the admission process. There are two types of exams.
- Language exams
- Standardized exams.
Language exams are one of the most important exams which test your proficiency in the required language. Unlike the standardized exams which are aimed at a particular course or branch of study, the language exams are a must for all the colleges and universities. Universities have a cutoff score for the accepted language exams.
What are the types of Language Exams?
There are various types of language exams and for various languages but the most common and widely accepted are the English Proficiency Tests. There are various exams which test your proficiency in the English language. Most common are, TOEFL, IELTS and PTE. Different countries prefer different exams. TOEFL score is accepted by the universities in the US and Canada, while it is not accepted at many colleges in the UK. On the other hand, IELTS score is accepted preferred by the universities at UK, Australia and New Zealand. PTE is accepted at few colleges in the US whereas most colleges in the UK, New Zealand and Australia
International English Language Testing System commonly known as IELTS is basically an assessment of proficiency over the English language which is accepted is most of the countries. These exams are required to be undertaken by aspirants who wish to migrate overseas for work. These tests are conducted by British Council almost every week. One must register for a test date of choice. The last date of registration is 2 weeks before the test date. Mostly the tests are carried out on Thursdays or Saturdays but may vary depending upon the local centers. There around 1200 test centers in 140 countries across the world. India has 78 test centers located in 50 major cities. The exam tests your English skills in 4 sections; Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing.
TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. It is the assessment of proficiency of a non-native English speaker which is required by most of the colleges and universities abroad. More than seven thousand colleges and universities have set a standard TOEFL score as a prerequisite for admissions. The test can be taken by any one of the three mediums; Paper-based (PBT), Computer-based (CBT) and Internet Based (iBT). Irrespective of the medium, the TOEFL test Pattern remains the same; Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing.
Pearson Test of English or PTE is considered to be different from the former exams. PTE exams, just like other tests are aimed to measure your proficiency over English communication. It consists of 3 sections listening, reading, and speaking and writing which combined make for a 3-hour computerized exam. Though scoring is easier unlike other exams, they still require command over English which can be done by practice and preparation.
The standardized exam tests your skills other than language which are required for a particular course. Unlike the language exams, they are not compulsory for all the courses but only for which the required skill set is necessary. They are the academic criteria exams which are set by the university mostly.
What are the types of Standardized Exams?
The Graduate Management Aptitude Test (GMAT) is a computer adaptive test (CAT) that are used by business schools for admission to their MBA/ management programs. Therefore, GMAT questions are designed to determine if the test taker will be able to pursue a management degree successfully by measuring a student’s logical and critical thinking ability, along with mathematical skills.
The GMAT test is divided into 4 sections
· Analytical Writing Assessment
· Integrated Reasoning Section
· Quantitative Section
· Verbal Section
The test is offered at 39 test centers across 34 Indian cities. It’s offered on demand, throughout the year.
Graduate Record Examination or GRE is one of the most widely undertaken exams by students who want to study graduate or business programs in countries like the USA and Canada. GRE is a measure of a student’s analytical writing skills, quantitative ability, and verbal reasoning skills. The test is offered at over in 160 countries at over 1000 test centers.
Scholastic Assessment Test or SAT is mostly taken up by students planning to pursue undergraduate courses. It is most popular in countries like the USA and Canada and is also accepted in many universities and colleges in the UK and Australia. SAT scores mainly assess a student’s written, verbal and analytical skills.
The American College Testing or ACT is undertaken by students looking for admission in undergraduate schools based in the US and Canada. The test evaluates the written, mathematical, verbal and scientific skills of the students. It is a computer-based exam and the scoring is on the scale of 1-36 points.
The Medical College Admission Test commonly known as MCAT is a standardized exam that is required for admission to med schools in the United States and Canada. It is a computer-based exam to test your aptitude in the medical field. It tests your academic knowledge along with critical analysis and reasoning skills.
The Law School Admission Council conducts the Law School Admission Test commonly known as LSAT. It is the aptitude test undertaken by students willing to pursue a career in law. LSAT is aimed to test your critical reading, logical reasoning and analytical thinking skills, which are considered important for success in a law school.
Q: What are exams to given to study abroad after 12th?
A: There are two types of exams to be given after 12th; Language exams and Standardized exams. Language exams such as TOEFL, IELTS and PTE are most common and widely accepted worldwide. Standardized exams such as GRE, GMAT, SAT, ACT, MCAT and LSAT are entrance exams for a particular course.
Q: What are the types of language exams?
A: The most commonly accepted score for Language Proficiency are the TOEFL, IELTS and PTE. Other exams such as CAE and CPE are only accepted in the UK.
Q: What are the types of standardized exams?
A: Standardized exams such as GRE, GMAT, SAT, ACT, MCAT and LSAT are entrance exams for a particular course. They test your aptitude for the particular course. The test score is widely accepted in all the colleges and universities across the USA and Canada and some colleges in the UK and Australia.
Q: Are all there any other language exams?
A: Apart from English proficiency test, there are other language exams too. Germany has many courses which are taught in the German language and for some of the English taught courses are there is a prerequisite for German Proficiency. Similarly, French Proficiency is required for some of the colleges in France.
Q: Are these exams accepted in all the universities?
A: No. Different countries prefer different exams. TOEFL score is accepted by the universities at US and Canada, while it is not accepted at many colleges in the UK. On the other hand, IELTS score is accepted preferred by the universities at UK, Australia and New Zealand. PTE is accepted at a few colleges in the US whereas most colleges in the UK.