Canada is the second most popular destination in terms of studying abroad in the whole
world. The number of students pursuing their masters from Canada is increasing every
Canada provides world-class education along with good living standards and easy work visa
which gives it its high rank in the study abroad destination list. The courses also are
internationally recognized and research-based.
Why Canada for PhD?
Canada is the most educated country in the world and more than half of its citizens have
university degrees. The University of Toronto and McGill University are famous all over the
world for giving an extreme start to experts in the fields of Journalism, Politics, Medicine,
and Technology. Canada also offers a large collection of subjects for you to choose from.
You can find a number of Canadian universities in the world’s top 100 college’s list depicting
the quality of education in Canada. Some of the best universities in Canada are as follows-
■ Royal Roads University;
■ University of Winnipeg;
■ Bishop’s University;
■ Wilfrid Laurier University;
■ Thompson Rivers University;
■ University of Regina;
■ Brock University.
The curriculum in Canadian universities is not the one that is purely theoretical.
Their way of teaching is based on research and practical work. Also, they make you
think critically. So if you are one of this type then, Canada is the destination for you
to take your career and learning experience to another level.
The Canadian universities keep in touch with the industries and regularly update
their industry definitions so as to make their students acquainted with the latest
industry trends and help them grab the best placement opportunities.
Canada is a country that is rich in cultural heritage and living there would give you a
lifetime experience which is unmatchable. You can meet people from different
countries and cultures in such a place.
Education System In Canada-
In Canada, the education system is quite similar to that in the USA and a little
inspired from that in Britain. Mostly, there are three types of institutions in Canada.
- Public Universities- These are run by the government may it be provincial,
territorial or federal. They also collect the tution fee from the students.
- Private Universities- They are mostly run at the cost of donations and
research grants. They receive no funding from the government.
- Liberal Arts College- These colleges are either public or private and have a
primary emphasis on courses in liberal arts.
Choice of the Institute-
Before selecting a college in Canada, one must keep the following points in mind.
The points are as follows-
- Facilities in the research field
- Availability of internships and thesis work
- Industry Associations
- Location of college
- Course structure
- Fee structure
Earn while you learn :-
There are good number of scholarships available while you will be pursuing your doctorate
in canada and these will be helpful in supporting you with a descent lifestyle while you live
there. Some of them are as under :-
Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship
University of Waterloo International Master’s and Doctoral Awards Scholarship
Ontario Graduate Scholarship
Ontario Trillium Scholarship
University of Manitoba Graduate fellowships
University of Calgary Graduate Awards.
For each of these type of scholarships , you are required to maintain an outstanding
academic record and also keep a check on their online application portals on which
which the information regarding the scholarships are notified periodically.
Top Universities in Canada-
University Canada Ranking World Ranking
University of Toronto 1 28
McGill University 2 33
University of British Columbia 3 47
University of Alberta 4 109
McMaster University 5 146
Universite de Montreal 6 149
University of Waterloo 7 163
The University of Western Ontario 8 214
University of Calgary 9 229
Queen’s University at Kingston 10 239
Eligibility criteria –
The admission criteria for admission to different universities in canada for doctorate
programme may vary from university to university. Few points regarding the doctorate
admissions are listed as under :-
- Education- Most of the universities in Canada require you to have a master’s
degree in the related field of your doctorate , with strong grades and proven
research ability and potential.
- Proof of language ability is also required which depends upon your choice of modes
of instruction , there are different tests designed which you need to clear for
admission depending upon the language you choose as the mode of instruction.i
- In some cases you are also eligible to pursue PhD under the “accelerated
admission”. That is , without a master’s degree. This requires outstanding grades in
last two years of your bachelor’s programme and proof of high academic potential
such as research papers etc.
- Academic Requirements- A bachelor’s degree with one year of study in a
master’s program while fulfilling 9 credits at the 500-level or above and of first class
standing. While entering the doctoral program after partial completion of the master’s
degree the students must , during the first two years of study at the graduate level,
complete 12 credits in total with a first-class average of which at least 9 credits must
be at the 500-level or above and at least 9 credits must be of first-class standing to
maintain registration as a doctoral student.
- English Language Test- You also need to provide proof of English language
proficiency in terms of score in IELTS or TOEFL examinations. One must have at
least 6.5 or 7 in IELTS and 90+ score in TOEFL.
- GRE/GMAT- Some of the universities also ask for GRE/GMAT score to provide you
admission. You can check the exact eligibility on the universities’ website.
- There may be some courses that are taught in French. If you plan to take up such
courses, you must first provide proof of your English language proficiency in the
form of scorecard of Test d’évaluation de français (TEF) or Diplôme d’études en
- They may also require you to apply for a student VISA based on your selection at
- For study permit VISA, the duration of your course must be greater than 6 months.
If it is less than that you only require a tourist VISA.
- GMAT- Most of the business schools in Canada will demand you for a good GMAT
score in order to take admission in their school. Usually, GMAT score is required for
admission in courses like Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of
Accountancy and Master of Finance programs. The GMAT score is valid for a
duration of 5 years.
- GRE- GRE score is accepted be both type of schools, ie, business schools and other
schools providing a master’s degree. GRE judges a candidate on the basis of
Quantitative reasoning, Analytical writing and Verbal Reasoning.
- IELTS- It is a major English language proficiency test that is accepted at almost all
schools in Canada. They require a minimum of about 6.5 -7 score in the IELTS exam.
- TOEFL- It is also an English language proficiency test that is valid all across Canada.
It is held for more than 50 times per year at thousands of test centres in India. You
may require to have about 90+ score in TOEFL exam for your admission in top
Point to make sure you qualify for a good Canadian university
There are some preparation courses which enable degree seeking students to get an
extra educational boost just before they start their post-graduate or doctoral
programmes. These type of preparation courses act as a booster to make us ready for
further programmes of doctorate , be it in any stream.
English language is also needed to be improved because while being in the PhD
programme , this is quite a fair chance that the medium of instruction will be in English.
Also the mode of communication is also English in most of the places abroad so it is
always better to have an extra edge on the verbal communication power.
So take care of these points and start preparing a way before the admission process starts.