SSC JE Syllabus 2020 For Paper I & II, Exam Scheme

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What is SSC JE?

SSC JE is a recruitment exam for the post of Junior Engineers (JEs) for various branches of Engineering (Civil, Mechanical and Electrical, etc.). The exam is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) throughout the country every once in a year.

Posts Group

The SSC JE exam is conducted for the post of Junior Engineers, and it comes under Group B (non-gazetted) posts.

Salary & Pay

The posts are considered in Level 6 of Pay matrix with Pay Band between Rs 35,400-1,12,400, according to the 7th Central Pay Commission (CPC).

SSC JE Posts and Organisations

Following are the  posts that are filled up through this examination:

PostsOrganisation
Junior Engineer (Civil)-Central Water Commission
-Central Public Works Department (CPWD)
-Farakka Barrage Project
-Border Road Organization (BRO)
-Military Engineer Services (MES)
-Central Water and Power Research Station
Junior Engineer (Mechanical)-Central Water Commission
-Farakka Barrage Project
Junior Engineer (Electrical)-Central Water and Power Research Station
-Farakka Barrage Project
-Central Public Works Department (CPWD)
Junior Engineer (Electrical & Mechanical)-Military Engineer Services (MES)
-Border Road Organization (BRO)

SSC JE Exam Scheme

SSC JE exam is conducted in two papers (Paper I and Paper II). Paper-I is a computer-based MCQ test and Paper-II is Descriptive/Written Test. The duration of each paper is 120 minutes.

Given below are the details of these Papers 

PapersTypeSubjectsMarksDuration
IObjective (Computer based test)(i) GeneralIntelligence and Reasoning (ii) General Awareness (iii) Part-A General Engineering (Civil & Structural) or Part-B General Engineering (Electrical) or Part-C General Engineering (Mechanical)200 = (50+50+100) {1 mark each question}120 minutes
IIDescriptive(Written test)Part-A General Engineering (Civil & Structural) or Part- B General Engineering (Electrical) or Part-C General Engineering (Mechanical)300120 minutes

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SSC JE Syllabus 2020

The SSC JE 2020 will be conducted in two papers i.e., Paper-I and Paper-II. The SSC JE Paper-I comprises Objective-type questions, and SSC JE Paper-II is of descriptive type. All the questions will be set in SI units. 

Paper I

The syllabus for Paper I of SSC JE 2020 has three different sections. Topics covered in each section is explained below:

General Intelligence & Reasoning

The Syllabus for General Intelligence and reasoning includes questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. The questions designed in this section are to test the candidate’s abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical computations, and other analytical functions.

Questions can be based on concepts like relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning, problem-solving, space visualization, visual memory, analysis and judgment, Analogies, decision making, discrimination, verbal and figures classification, Number series, etc.

General Awareness

The motive of the questions asked in this section is to test the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around and its application to society. Questions asked in this test covers the knowledge of current events and matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific aspect that is expected of any educated person.

However, the questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline. The test includes questions relating to topics like Current affairs, India and its neighboring countries, History, Culture, Economic Scene, General Polity, and Scientific Research, etc.

General Engineering: 

This section includes specific topics about Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. The standard of the questions in Engineering subjects will be approximate of the level of Diploma in Engineering from a recognized Institute, Board or University.


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Paper-II

The paper II is descriptive and consists of three parts divided into core subjects which is applicable as per the subject in which candidate has completed the graduation in engineering:

Part-A (Civil & Structural Engineering):

It includes topics like Building Materials, Surveying, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Concrete Technology, Irrigation Engineering, RCC Design, Hydraulics, etc.

Part-B (Electrical Engineering):

It includes topics like Circuit law, AC Fundamentals, Electrical Machines, Measurement and measuring instruments, Synchronous Machines, etc.

Part-C (Mechanical Engineering):

It includes topics like Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Thermal Engineering, Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Fluid Mechanics & Machinery, etc.


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SSC JE syllabus Paper 1

The syllabus for Paper I of SSC JE 2020 has basically three different sections. Topics covered in each section is explained below:

General Intelligence & Reasoning

The Syllabus for General Intelligence and reasoning includes questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. The questions designed in this section are to test the candidate’s abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical computations, and other analytical functions. Questions can be based on concepts of:

  1. Analogies
  2. Similarities 
  3. Differences
  4. Space visualization
  5. Problem-solving
  6. Analysis 
  7. Judgment
  8. Decision making
  9. Visual memory 
  10. Discrimination 
  11. Observation 
  12. Relationship concepts
  13. Arithmetical reasoning
  14. Verbal and Figure classification
  15. Arithmetical number series etc. 

General Awareness

The questions are to test the general awareness and knowledge of the current affairs and environment around and factors that affect the society. Questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline.

The questions test candidate’s knowledge of current events relating to India and its neighboring countries, especially about History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity, and Scientific Research, etc.

General Engineering

This section includes specific topics about Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. The standard of the questions in Engineering subjects will be approximate of the level of Diploma in Engineering from a recognized Institute, Board or University.

  1. Part-A: Civil Engineering: Building Materials, Surveying, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Concrete Technology, Irrigation Engineering, Hydraulics, etc.
  2. Part-B: Electrical Engineering: Basic concepts, Circuit law, Circuit law, AC Fundamentals, Electrical Machines, Measurement and measuring instruments, Synchronous Machines, etc.
  3. Part-C: Mechanical Engineering: Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Thermal Engineering, Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Fluid Mechanics & Machinery, etc.

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SSC JE Syllabus for Civil

The detailed syllabus with the topics for Civil and Structural engineering for SSC JE exam is explained below:

Civil Engineering

Building Materials: 

Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g., building stones, silicate-based materials, cement (Portland), asbestos products, timber, and wood-based products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes. 

Estimating, Costing, and Valuation: 

Estimate, a glossary of technical terms, analysis of rates, methods, and unit of measurement, Items of work – earthwork, Brick work (Modular & Traditional bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering. Boundary wall, Brick building, Water Tank, Septic tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line method, Mid-section formula, Trapezoidal formula, Simpson’s rule. Cost estimate of Septic tank, flexible pavements, Tube well, isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles, and pile-caps. Valuation – Value and cost, scrap value, salvage value, assessed value, sinking fund, depreciation and obsolescence, methods of valuation.

Surveying: 

Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain surveying, working of the prismatic compass, compass traversing, bearings, local attraction, plane table surveying, theodolite traversing, adjustment of theodolite, Levelling, Definition of terms used in leveling, contouring, curvature and refraction corrections, temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy level, methods of contouring, use of contour map, tachometric survey, curve setting, earthwork calculation, advanced surveying equipment.

Soil Mechanics: 

Origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, the specific gravity of soil grains, unit weights, density index, and interrelationship of different parameters, Grain size distribution curves and their uses. Index properties of soils, Atterberg’s limits, ISI soil classification, and plasticity chart. Permeability of soil, coefficient of permeability, determination of coefficient of permeability, Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, quicksand, consolidation of soils, Principles of consolidation, degree of consolidation, pre-consolidation pressure, normally consolidated soil, e-log p curve, computation of ultimate settlement.

Shear strength of soils, direct shear test, Vane shear test, Triaxial test. Soil compaction, Laboratory compaction test, Maximum dry density and optimum moisture content, earth pressure theories, active and passive earth pressures, Bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard penetration test.

Hydraulics: 

Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli’s theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps, and turbines.

Irrigation Engineering: 

Definition, necessity, benefits, 2II effects of irrigation, types, and methods of irrigation, Hydrology – Measurement of rainfall, runoff coefficient, rain gauge, losses from precipitation – evaporation, infiltration, etc. Water requirement of crops, duty, delta and base period, Kharif and Rabi Crops, Command area, Time factor, Crop ratio, Overlap allowance, Irrigation efficiencies. Different types of canals, types of canal irrigation, loss of water in canals. Canal lining – types and advantages.

Shallow and deep to wells, the yield from a well. Weir and barrage, Failure of weirs and permeable foundation, Slit, and Scour, Kennedy’s theory of critical velocity. Lacey’s theory of uniform flow. Definition of flood, causes, and effects, methods of flood control, water logging, preventive measure. Land reclamation, Characteristics of affecting fertility of soils, purposes, methods, description of the land, and reclamation processes. Major irrigation projects in India.

Transportation Engineering: 

Highway Engineering – cross-sectional elements, geometric Design, types of pavements, pavement materials – aggregates and bitumen, different tests, DesignDesign of flexible and rigid pavements – Water Bound Macadam (WBM) and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, Bituminous construction, Rigid pavement joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, Railway Engineering- Components of the permanent way – sleepers, ballast, fixtures, and fastening, track geometry, points and crossings, track junction, stations and yards.

Traffic Engineering – Different traffic survey, speed-flow-density, and their interrelationships, intersections, and interchanges, traffic signals, traffic operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety.

Environmental Engineering: 

Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewer, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, sewage treatments. Surface water drainage. Solid waste management – types, effects, engineered management system. Air pollution – pollutants, causes, effects, control. Noise pollution – cause, health effects, control.

Structural Engineering

Theory of structures: 

Elasticity constants, types of beams – determinate and indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever and overhanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for rectangular & circular sections, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, Torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology: 

Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, the importance of water quality, water-cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structures.

RCC Design: 

RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, DesignDesign of singly reinforced and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams. T-beams, lintels. One way and two-way slabs, isolated footings. Reinforced brick works, columns, staircases, retaining wall, water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State and Working Stress methods).

Steel Design: 

Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams roof trusses plate girders.


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SSC JE Syllabus for Mechanical

Theory of Machines and Machine Design

Concept of a simple machine, Four bar linkage and link motion, Flywheels and fluctuation of energy, Power transmission by belts – V-belts and Flat belts, Clutches – Plate and Conical clutch, Gears – Type of gears, gear profile and gear ratio calculation, Governors – Principles and classification, Riveted joint, Cams, Bearings, Friction in collars and pivots.

Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials

Equilibrium of Forces, Law of motion, Friction, Concepts of stress and strain, Elastic limit and elastic constants, Bending moments and shear force diagram, Stress in composite bars, Torsion of circular shafts, Bucking of columns – Euler’s and Rankin’s theories, Thin-walled pressure vessels.

Thermal Engineering

Properties of Pure Substances: p-v & P-T diagrams of pure substance like H2O, Introduction of steam table concerning steam generation process; definition of saturation, wet & superheated status. Definition of dryness fraction of steam, degree of superheat of steam. H-s chart of steam (Mollier’s Chart).

1st Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of stored energy & internal energy, 1st Law of thermodynamics of cyclic process, Non-Flow Energy Equation, Flow Energy & Definition of Enthalpy, Conditions for Steady State Steady Flow; Steady State Steady Flow Energy Equation.

2nd Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat, Heat Engine, Heat Pump & Refrigerator; Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines & co-efficient of performance of Refrigerators, Kelvin – Planck & Clausius Statements of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Absolute or Thermodynamic Scale of temperature, Clausius Integral, Entropy, Entropy change calculation of ideal gas processes. Carnot Cycle & Carnot Efficiency, PMM-2; definition & its impossibility.

Air Standard Cycles For IC Engines

  1. Otto cycle; plot on P-V, T-S Planes; Thermal Efficiency, Diesel Cycle; Plot on P-V, T-S planes; Thermal efficiency.
  2. IC Engine Performance, IC Engine Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication.

Rankine Cycle Of Steam

  1. Simple Rankine cycle plot on P-V, T-S, h-s planes, Rankine cycle efficiency with & without pump work.
  2. Boilers; Classification; Specification; Fittings & Accessories: Fire Tube & Water Tube Boilers.
  3. Air Compressors & their cycles; Refrigeration cycles; Principle of a Refrigeration Plant; Nozzles & Steam Turbines

Fluid Mechanics & Machinery

  1. Properties & Classification of Fluid: ideal & real fluids, Newton’s law of viscosity, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids, compressible, and incompressible fluids.
  2. Fluid Statics: Pressure at a point.
  3. Measurement of Fluid Pressure: Manometers, U-tube, Inclined tube.
  4. Fluid Kinematics: Streamline, laminar & turbulent flow, external & internal flow, continuity equation.
  5. Dynamics of ideal fluids: Bernoulli’s equation, Total head; Velocity head; Pressure head; Application of Bernoulli’s equitation.
  6. Measurement of Flow rate Basic Principles: Venturimeter, Pilot tube, Orifice meter.
  7. Hydraulic Turbines: Classifications, Principles.
  8. Centrifugal Pumps: Classifications, Principles, Performance.

Production Engineering

Classification of Steels: mild steel & alloy steel, Heat treatment of steel, Welding – Arc Welding, Gas Welding, Resistance Welding, Special Welding Techniques i.e., TIG, MIG, etc. (Brazing & Soldering), Welding Defects & Testing; NDT, Foundry & Casting – methods, defects, different casting processes, Forging, Extrusion, etc. Metal cutting principles, cutting tools, Basic Principles of machining with (i) Lathe (ii) Milling (iii) Drilling (iv) Shaping (v) Grinding, Machines, tools & manufacturing processes.


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SSC JE Syllabus Electrical

Basic concepts

Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and various factors are affecting them. Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy, and their units.

Circuit law

Kirchhoff’s law, Simple Circuit solution using network theorems.

Magnetic Circuit

Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of magnetic materials, Magnetic calculations for conductors of different configuration e.g., straight, circular, solenoidal, etc. Electromagnetic induction, self, and mutual induction.

AC Fundamentals

Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating waves, Representation of sinusoidal waveform, simple series and parallel AC Circuits consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance, Tank Circuit. Poly Phase system – star and delta connection, 3 phase power, DC and sinusoidal response of R-Land R-C circuit.

Measurement and measuring instruments

Measurement of power (1 phase and 3 phase, both active and reactive) and energy, two wattmeter method of 3 phase power measurement. Measurement of frequency and phase angle. Ammeter and voltmeter (both moving oil and moving iron type), an extension of range wattmeter, Multimeters, Megger, Energy meter AC Bridges. Use of CRO, Signal Generator, CT, PT, and their uses. Earth Fault detection.

Electrical Machines

  1. D.C. Machine – Construction, Basic Principles of D.C. motors and generators, their characteristics, speed control, and starting of D.C. Motors. Method of braking motor, Loss, and efficiency of D.C. Machines. 
  2. One phase and 3 phase transformers – Construction, Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, O.C., and S.C. Tests, Losses, and efficiency. Effect of voltage, frequency, and waveform on losses. Parallel operation of 1 phase /3 phase transformers. Autotransformers.
  3. 3 phase induction motors, rotating magnetic field, the principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3 phase induction motors. Methods of braking, the effect of voltage and frequency variation on torque speed characteristics.

Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors:

Synchronous Machines

Generation of 3-phase e.m.f. armature reaction, voltage regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, control of active, and reactive power. Starting and applications of synchronous motors.

Generation, Transmission, and Distribution

Different types of power stations, Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, cost of generation, inter-connection of power stations. Power factor improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults. Switchgears – a rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. Fuses, Protection against earth leakage / over current, etc.

Buchholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection of generators & transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, various transmission and distribution systems, comparison of conductor materials, the efficiency of a different system. Cable – Different types of cables, cable ratings, and derating factors.

Estimation and costing

Estimation of lighting scheme, electric installation of machines, and relevant rules. Earthing practices and IE Rules.

Utilization of Electrical Energy

Illumination, Electric heating, Electric welding, Electroplating, Electric drives, and motors.

Basic Electronics

Working on various electronic devices e.g., P N Junction diodes, Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT, and JFET. Simple circuits using these devices.


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SSC JE Syllabus for General Awareness

This section of the paper includes 50 MCQs of 1 mark, each totaling 50 marks. The motive of the questions asked in this section is to test the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around and its application to society.

Questions asked in this test covers the knowledge of current events and matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific aspect that is expected of any educated person. However, the questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline. The test includes questions relating to topics like:

  • Current affairs
  • India and its neighboring countries
  • History
  • Culture
  • Economic Scene
  • General Polity  
  • Scientific Research, etc. 

FAQs

What are the best books for mechanical engineering subject preparation of SSC JE Paper II?

Ans. Below is the list of some good books which are helpful in preparation for mechanical engineering subject in SSC JE:
1. SSC JE: Mechanical Engineering – Topicwise Previous Solved Paper published by Made Easy Editorial Board
2. SSC Junior Engineer Mechanical Engineering Recruitment Exam Guide published by Disha Experts
3. Mechanical Engineering (Conventional and Objective Type): Conventional and Objective Types by R.S.Khurmi

What is the SSC JE exam scheme?

Ans. SSC conducts SSC JE exam in two papers (Paper I and Paper II)
1. Each paper is of 120 minutes duration
2. Paper I is MCQ type and is of total 200 marks
3. Paper-II is of descriptive type of total of 300 marks
4. Negative Marking of 0.25 marks in Paper 1 only

What is the status of the SSC JE 2020 exam?

Ans. SSC JE Exam Postponed amidst Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak!
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) released a notification on March 19, 2020, stating that the SSC JE Examination 2019-2020 paper I scheduled to commence from March 30, 2020, is being postponed owing to the massive spread of Coronavirus (Covid-19) in India.

What are the best books for the preparation of Reasoning and General Awareness for SSC JE?

Ans. Below is the list of some good books for SSC JE reasoning and general awareness preparation:
1. Chapter-wise Solved Papers SSC Staff Selection Commission Reasoning Paperback published by Arihant.
2. SSC (CPWD/CWC/MES) General Intelligence & Reasoning General
Awareness for Junior Engineers Guide by GKP
3. General Knowledge 2020 by Manohar Pandey
4. SC General Awareness Topic-wise Latest 35 Solved Papers (2010-2020) published by Disha Publications

What is the maximum age limit for SSC JE exam?

Ans. The maximum age limit for SSC JE exam is different for different posts:
1. Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical) for Central Water Commission (CWC) and Central Public Works Department (CPWD) is 32 years
2. Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical and Mechanical) for Military Engineer Services (MES), Farakka Barrage Project, Directorate of Quality Assurance (Naval), Central Water and Power Research Station, Border Road Organization(BRO) is 30 years.

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About the Author

Rachit believes in the power of education and has studied from the top institutes of IIIT Allahabad, IIM Calcutta, and Francois Rabelias in France. He has worked as Software Developer with Microsoft and Adobe. Post his MBA, he worked with the world’s # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group across multiple geographies US, South-East Asia and Europe.

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