Canada is one of the top countries for study of MS and diploma courses in various fields. The graduate students can also work in Canada temporarily to earn their living and pay for their fees. The question arises many times for those who wish to pursue masters abroad, which country they should put on their priority list, US or Canada? Students analyse their answers on the criteria like job opportunities, fees of the universities, location, immigration but they should also keep the factors like reputation of the university, quality of education, relevance to the course, current work scenario in mind before choosing the country. If we see the probability, getting into a US university is much easier even if you have above average scores whereas in Canada there are 15 – 20 good universities which offer good courses and quality education. U.S. and Canada’s universities equally offer research-based and non – research-based courses to the students. If we see the job prospects, U.S. has greater job opportunities than in Canada as there are many big companies occupying the state, but it also brings a drawback of very low job security and high competition.
There are many other factors to compare the two countries like Tax, fees to decide upon. Coming back to the prospects of work after your graduation, there are two kinds of temporary work permits Post Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) – there are a list of do’s and don’ts, who can apply for this permit. The official website has a list of designation learning institutions and students from those institutions can apply for the work permit. Other type of work permit – the other type is further differentiated into open work permits, employer-specific permits. The details are mentioned on their website. The population of international students studying in Canada has grown over the years, from 25,000 in 1995 to 100,000 in 2011. Currently, the number has increased to 190,000. It is also the second most popular destination for Indian students wishing to pursue foreign education.
Another question would come to your mind, Why Canada?
The universities in Canada are known for their high-quality teaching and rigorous quality controls.
The post graduation programs are research-based and the curriculum focuses more on the practical projects.
If you’re not looking for thesis-based courses and research work then Canada might not be the destination you wish to pursue abroad education from, there are non – research-based universities too but they’re hard to get in.
Along with the course, the universities also offer the students industry-based projects and internships to give them an experience of on-field work.
As we all know the cost of studying in Canada is lower than other countries like US, UK, Australia and there are a few scholarships available for international students as well.
The student – visa, post-study work permit, and immigration rules and regulations are very simple and straightforward.
The UN has constantly ranked Canada as one of the best places to live in the world. The nation has a very high standard of living and it is a safe country with a stable economy.
Over the years Canada has become a multicultural country with people residing from so many different countries, states and cultures. The people there are friendly and interested to learn new languages and cultures. It is very easy to find your own country ethnic foods as this country has accepted a diverse number of people. The languages spoken officially are English and French.
Cost of studying in Canada
The fees of studying in Canada are reasonable as compared to other countries. The range is from CAD $16,250 (8.5 lacs) to CAD $28,650 (15 lacs) annually. The master’s degree in Canada is usually one to two years long. A few subject areas like biotechnology engineering can take up to 3 years as well. Subject Fields Average Annual Tuition Fees in Canadian
Average Annual Tuition Fees in Indian Rupees (INR) Engineering 17,213 895,076 IT & Computer Science 15,015 780,780 Physical & Life Sciences
Agricultural Sciences 13,428 698,256 Architecture 23,130 1,202,760 Pharmacy 11,891 618,332 Visual & Performing Arts
Humanities 14,147 735,644 Law 16,695 868,140 Business Studies 22,154 1,152,008 Regular MBA 36,623 1,904,396 Executive MBA 61,190 3,181,880 Social Sciences 14,283 742,716 Education 15,262 793,624
Dentistry 21,894 1,138,488 Veterinary Medicine 8,777 456,404
Living Expenses in Canada
The living expenses in Canada ranges around CAD $10,000 (5 – 6 lacs) per year to cover the living expenses in Canada. It also depends upon the kind of lifestyle one pursues. If you choose to live in Toronto, Vancouver then the living expenses will be high. Part-Time jobs in Canada As mentioned above, there are two kinds of work permits available after the graduation or post graduation, the students can do part-time jobs to pay their college fees and living expenses in Canada. As a full – time international student, they’re allowed to work for 20 hours per week off – campus during the semesters and in the summer or winter breaks students can work full time without a work permit. Health Insurance Facilities for International Students It is important for international students in Canada to have health insurance. Provinces like British Columbia, Alberta, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Labrador and Saskatchewan have international students under their provincial health care plans, but the validity plans usually depend upon the duration of the stay. In contrast, international students studying in Ontario, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island or Quebec need to arrange for private health insurance.
Top Colleges in Canada for MS Let us see the top colleges in Canada for MS courses
- University of Toronto – this university is home to vast, exceptional, innovative and top – class students and faculty researchers. It has been ranked 21 worldwide in the Times Higher Education 2019 and 28 in the QS world rankings. The college offers a variety of courses in research and gives students exposure to practical work. It is one of the oldest universities in town.
- University of British Columbia – It is ranked amongst the 40 best universities in the world. It is also a global research and training centre. The research funding is around $500 million every year; it is counted in the top 20 public universities in the world. The university also gives a good amount of internships and placements. It is ranked 37 in the World University Rankings 2019, 47 in the QS world ranking 2019.
- McGill University – it is the oldest university residing in Montreal. It can be called as the topper’s institute as highest grade students pass out from this university. To get into this university is also hard as the students have the highest average entering grades in Canada. It is ranked 33 in the QS World Ranking 2019 and 44 in the World University Ranking 2019.
- McMaster University – it offers a variety of courses in the field of social sciences, engineering, humanities, business, science etc. The institution accepts applications from candidates consisting of persons with disabilities, women, Metis and Inuit persons, members of racialized communities, LGBTQ-identified persons. It is ranked 77 in the World University Ranking 2019 and 146 in the QS World Ranking 2019.
- The University of Montreal – it is the largest university in Quebec and second largest in Canada. It is considered as a major North American research university. The university offers a variety of undergraduate, graduate and certificate courses, the undergraduate courses are given in French. It is ranked 90 in the World University Rankings and 149 in the QS World Rankings.
Eligibility Criteria to study in Canada
To apply for an MS course in Canada the minimum requirement is the candidate must have 16 years of education including 4-year bachelor’s degree.
The minimum GPA required is 3 on a scale of 4. In the Indian scale, it is calculated as 7.0 – 7.5 CGPA. The top universities accept higher percentages like 75% to 78% and a lot of emphases is given to the last 2 years of the bachelor’s degree.
Certain universities also ask for GRE/GMAT scores and it is enlisted on their official websites. In case a candidate wants to do MS in a business field, they need to have 1 to 3 years of work experience. The IELTS minimum scores required for Canada is 6.5 to 7.0 or TOEFL is 90+.
Most of the degrees obtained in India are 3-year bachelor’s degree; very few colleges in Canada accept that kind of applicants. They might accept 3-years Bachelor’s degrees from countries like the UK or Australia. Carleton University and the University of Manitoba accept 3-year Bachelor degrees for their Master’s Programs.
Job Prospects after studying in Canada
After your completion of the Master’s degree from Canada, you are allowed to work as long as the length of the degree. To work beyond it one needs to apply for the PGWPP – Post Graduation Work Permit Programme within 90 days after you officially complete your course. There have been a lot of jobs in Canada recently; hence the international students shouldn’t find it hard to find a job in Canada.
The average salary for the entry-level jobs in Canada is about CAD $50,000 to CAD $60,000 annually. However, in fields like IT & Computer Science, Scientific Research, Petroleum & Oil and Renewable Energy, Big Data can have higher salaries than mentioned.