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Bachelor of Science (BSc) – Top Colleges, Eligibility, Career, Salary Offered

Written by  Piyush Bhartiya, MBA

Published on Thu, February 20, 2020 10:06 AM   Updated on Thu, July 22, 2021 7:52 AM   15 mins read
Source: Infinity Lectures

A BSc degree is, literally, a Bachelor of Science is not a technical or vocational degree but rather one that is based upon subjects in the sciences. This includes physical sciences (chemistry, physics, biology) and social sciences where the “scientific method” is used to subjectively measure, analyze and evaluate the world. 

This degree is for science disciplines such as Health Science, Engineering and Computer Science, etc., though streams such as business, nursing, law, architecture and similar courses are also offered as Bachelor of Science programs these days. It offers a practical approach with extensive lab work, projects and exercises. BSc programs have a duration of 3 years; some can take as long as 4-5 years to complete depending on the stream/institution/country.

The B.Sc. degree course is classified into two categories, as mentioned below:

  1. Simple B.Sc. Course: -Simple B.Sc. includes courses like B.Sc. in PCM, Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Zoology Statistics, Botany, and Home Science.
  2. Professional B.Sc. Courses: – These B.Sc. courses cover job-oriented courses like Agriculture, Aviation, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Computer Science, Information Technology, and Interior Design. 

Check Out: Short Term Courses after MBBS

What is the Bachelor of Science?

The Bachelor of Science certificate is essentially unique with a Bachelor of Arts degree. The motivation to seek after or the other degree should be founded on the particular qualities and interests of the understudy. Numerous individuals incline to one degree over the other. 

The Bachelor of Science certificate is intended to concentrate the study zone on courses that are firmly identified with the understudy’s major. 

Understudies with enthusiasm for innovation might be increasingly disposed to seek after a Bachelor of Science qualification. The industrialist financial framework gives motivating forces and prizes to understudies who center their investigations on innovation and science. This is the course of study frequently chose by understudies who have a solid enthusiasm for their picked employment and wish to give however much time as could be expected to refine their abilities.

Bachelor of Science Degree

BSc degree is a foundation course, giving hypothetical and practical information normal BSc subjects incorporate Mathematics, Physics, Zoology, Chemistry, Botany, and so forth. Major BSc Specializations incorporate Computer Science, IT, Nursing, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Nautical Science, Physics, Chemistry, and so on. 

A few focuses referencing about the Bachelor of Science degree are: 

  1. The BSc course is a famous alternative for science understudies after Class XII. 
  2. It gives a profound subject and pragmatic information in different fields like physical science, applied science, science, arithmetic, financial matters, science, farming, cultivation, liveliness, etc. 
  3. The two kinds of BSc degrees are BSc Honors and BSc General. Both are of three years with similar capabilities. 
  4. Understudies procure essential abilities and information to work in a powerful domain as a specialist, instructor, teacher, expert, advisor, etc. Because of these significant changes, numerous understudies incline toward this degree. 
  5. Different grant openings are additionally accessible like INSPIRE Scholarships, HDFC Educational Crisis Scholarship Support (ECSS), Promotion of Science Education (POSE) Scholarship, Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY), and so on. 
  6. After BSc, understudies can go for higher investigations and do a Master of Science (MSc) or Master of Business Administration (MBA).

BSc Specializations

BSc offers specialization in core subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Botany, Zoology, Statistics, PCM, Home Science, etc. Students also have an option of choosing between a wide variety of applied science subjects.

Who Should Pursue BSc?

Pursuing a BSc course is most suitable for students who have a strong background and good command over Science and Mathematics. The course is also beneficial for students who wish to pursue science careers which offer integration of two or more disciplines in future.

Check Out: Diploma Courses after Graduation

BSc Honours vs BSc General

There are typically two types of BSc degrees awarded to students – BSc Honours and BSc General (commonly known as BSc Pass). Both are academic degrees awarded to students at an undergraduate level, however, there are some basic differences that lie between the two.

The difference lies in that you can specialize in a certain subject in BSc Honours while as BSc General course gives you an overview of all those subjects taught in honor’s course. BSc Honours will offer you major in just one subject.

Check Out: B.SC. Forensic Science Colleges

BSc Eligibility

A student is eligible to pursue a Bachelor of Science degree (BSc) after Class 12. Usually, a student who secures 50% or more in the HSC examinations is eligible to apply for the BSc degree. However, this percentage may vary from college to college. The students need to follow the prescribed admission criteria to get into any affiliated university. Entrance exams may also be conducted in some institutes.

Check Out: BSc IT Syllabus- Full Form, Subjects, Course Details

BSc Career

After completion of the BSc degree course, a candidate may either pursue a master’s degree or directly apply for a job. There are abundant job opportunities for a BSc graduate, not only in the scientific fields but other areas like engineering, management, law, etc.

The following sectors are quite remunerative for BSc graduates:

  1. Aviation
  2. Pharmaceuticals
  3. Health Care Providers
  4. Hospitals 
  5. Forest Conservation and Protection
  6. Food Institutes 
  7. Testing and Industrial Laboratories
  8. Chemical Industries
  9. Space Research 

Candidates may also apply for jobs in other sectors depending on their interests and specialization.

Check Out: BSc Chemistry

How Is BSc Beneficial?

  1. A BSc graduate has complete liberty to explore fields other than Science.
  2. It offers a promising and rewarding career. 
  3. It is a blend of innovation, imagination and invention.
  4. It helps individuals to enhance their scientific thinking and develop a progressive and broad-minded attitude.
  5. The demand for BSc graduates is increasing tremendously with the expansion of the research and development sector. The government is also keen on expanding its horizons in the R&D sector.

Check Out: BSc Nursing

Top 10 BSC Colleges in India

Aspiring candidates should always look for colleges that provide quality in academics and infrastructure. Here is a list of top 10 BSc colleges in India:

  1. Miranda House – Miranda House is a women’s college that was established in the year 1948. It is located in New Delhi and has confederated under the University of Delhi. 
  2. Hindu College– Hindu College was established in the year 1899. Located in New Delhi, it is a North Campus college affiliated to the University of Delhi.
  3. St. Stephen’s College – St. Stephen’s College is one of the top colleges in India, which was established in the year 1881. It is located in New Delhi, and it has confederated under the University of Delhi
  4. Madras Christian College – Being established in the year 1865, it is one of the oldest colleges in South India. With its location in Chennai, it is a highly revered university. It has confederated under the University of Madras
  5. Loyola College– Loyola College started its operations in the year 1925 and is located in Chennai. It is also affiliated to the University of Madras.
  6. Kirori Mal College – Kirori Mal College was the establishment in the year 1954. The college has produced many notable alumni and is a highly revered institute in New Delhi, and it has confederated under the University of Delhi 
  7. Hansraj College– Being established in the year 1948, it is located in Delhi and has confederated under the University of Delhi.
  8. Department of Science, Christ University – Christ University has several departments of studies. It was established in the year 1969 and is located in Bengaluru. It is affiliated to Christ University.
  9. Stella Maris College – This college was established in the year 1947, and it is located in Chennai and has confederated under the University of Madras.
  10. Sri Venkateshwara College– This college was established in the year 1961 and is located in New Delhi.

Check Out: BSc in Biotechnology

BSc Entrance Exams in India

Some BSc colleges in India conduct entrance exams, and some universities use a merit-based system to grant admissions according to Class 12th marks.

Most popular B.Sc. Entrance exams in India include:

  1. All India Entrance Exam for Admission (AIEEA) is conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
  2. BHU UET is an entrance test conducted by Banaras Hindu University.
  3. Delhi University conducts DUET or Delhi University Entrance Test.

Salary Offered After BSc

The salary of any graduate in the field of science depends upon the field of work. Professional courses like B.Sc. in IT and CSE are better sought, and deserving students are paid a good salary ranging from Rs. 50,000 to 70, 000 per month depending upon the experience and expertise of an individual student.

Check Out: B.Sc in Agriculture

BSc Fee

The average fees for any B.Sc. program range between INR 10,000 to 1,00,000 per annum. This fee is determined by whether the college is government or private. It also includes the facilities a respective institute provides a student with, so select a college that suits the eligibility and interest of any aspirant. 

Bachelor of Science Veterinary

The Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc or BVSC; Latin Baccalaureus Veterinarian Scientiae), “Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine” (BVetMed), or “Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery” (“BVM&S” or “BVMS”) is a certificate for concentrates in veterinary medicine in the United Kingdom, Australia, and a few different nations outside the United States and Canada. 

A few focuses featured under the Bachelor of Science veterinary course are: 

  1. Veterinary science manages the wellbeing and prosperity of creatures. Like clinical degrees, this incorporates everything from protection care to mental investigation and complex surgeries. 
  2. Course modules may include anatomy, animal behavior, animal husbandry, cell biology, nutrition, physiology, genetics, epidemiology, pharmacology, infectious diseases, pathology, parasitology, and public health.
  3. To contemplate veterinary science, you will be relied upon to exhibit a solid scholarly record in science subjects, particularly science and science. 
  4. In this course of study, understudies get hands-on involvement with expansion to their normal book-focused and address-based classes. 
  5. Numerous projects require clinical experience and offer apprenticeship-style temporary jobs with experts in the field. 
  6. Bachelor of Veterinary Science programs help those keen on turning out to be veterinary partners or professionals figure out how to offer help in rewarding sicknesses and considering weak creatures in various settings.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

When you pick a nursing profession, you are conceding to assume a basic job in the clinical framework. Contingent on where and how you decide to rehearse, your duties can run from hands-on care to investigate, to making open medicinal services strategy. Your vocation way starts with the sort of degree that you seek after. A BSN, or Bachelor of Science in Nursing, is the degree that offers you the most stretched out scope of potential outcomes. Attendants who have earned their BSN degree will get themselves qualified to go after a lot more jobs and acquiring a lot higher remuneration. 

Some significant focuses recorded under the Bachelor of Science in nursing are:

  1. A BSN, Bachelor of Science in Nursing, is a four-year degree in nursing that is one of two degrees accessible to medical caretakers. In contrast to the ADN, the BSN degree gives two years of essential courses and general instruction courses followed by an additional two years of nursing classes and clinical pivots. 
  2. Turning into enlisted nurture with a BSN degree guarantees higher pay and opens a lot more entryways. Numerous medicinal services offices have started to necessitate that their RNs have a BSN degree, in any event, for passage level nursing positions. 
  3. Even though the most limited course to turning into a Registered Nurse is to seek after the base prerequisite — a two-year Associates Degree in Nursing (ADN) which gives simply enough instruction and clinical preparing for graduates to sit for the necessary tests and get their permit — the individuals who need to become RNs are unequivocally urged to seek after a BSN. 
  4. Having a BSN gives you more chances to rehearse in strength regions and puts you on a vocation way that can prompt administrative and the executive’s positions. This is because those positions require a more inside and out-degree of information and basic reasoning aptitudes that the four-year degree gives. 
  5. Having a BSN is likewise a necessary advance for seeking after a propelled nursing degree, for example, an MSN (Master of Science in Nursing), a DNP (Doctor of Nursing Practice), NP (Nurse Practitioners), or CNS (Clinical Nurse Specialist).

Bachelor of Science [B.Sc.] Agriculture

Bachelor of Science [B.Sc.] Agriculture is a college class that centers predominantly on farming science. The course term of B.Sc. Agriculture is for four years. This degree manages disciplines like-Agricultural Microbiology, Soil Science, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Plant Pathology, Food Microbiology, and so forth.

The qualification models for the B.Sc. Agriculture course is 10+2 from a perceived board having Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Mathematics as obligatory subjects.

A few focuses featured under the Bachelor of Science Agriculture are: 

  1. Farming officials, Agriculture Research scientists, Agricultural analysts are a portion of the well-known employments one can get after consummation of the B.Sc. Agriculture course. 
  2. The course span of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc.] Agriculture is four years. It manages the whole agribusiness and contemporary specialized execution from a more extensive point of view. 
  3. The course, aside from being decently picked by a few people, is exceptionally well known and has worthwhile openings for work in nations like the USA, Ireland, and Canada. India being an agrarian nation, the work openings in the country are likewise perpetual. 
  4. The applicants need to experience certain placement tests led by the individual college as per their B.Sc. Agriculture affirmation technique. The course likewise alludes to creating products through the development of plants and growths and the raising of tamed creatures. 
  5. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture likewise remembers for ranch Rural Agriculture Work Experience [RAWE] preparing, and hands-on explores different avenues regarding the sole motivation behind creating trust in the graduating understudies of Agriculture.

Bachelor of Science in Information Technology

BSc IT (Bachelor of Science in Information Technology) is an undergrad course in Information Technology. The all-out term is three years, and the course spreads across six semesters. The subject mostly rotates around the handling and the board of data in a precise manner. 

To be qualified for the BSc IT course, the understudies must finish his/her higher optional or 10+2 assessment from a perceived board. The confirmation is, for the most part, done based on the imprints obtained by the competitors in their 10+2 assessment.

Some points highlighted under the Bachelor of Science in information technology are: 

  1. The students, after completing their BSc IT course, may pursue an MSc in IT. They may also get jobs in various IT sectors. The nature of your job and your salary will depend on your expertise in the field. 
  2. B.Sc. IT program revolves around the field of Information Technology, which is essentially about storing, processing, securing, and managing information. Networks, software development and testing, information databases, and programming are some of the subjects of study covered in the course. 
  3. Some of the important subjects covered in the course are Web Programming, Computer Fundamentals and Emerging Technology, Computer Organization and Architecture, Networking, and Internet Environment.
  4. The students will have a deep understanding of ways of managing and securing huge amounts of data
  5. As the IT industries are growing rapidly, you need not face a lot of difficulties acquiring a well-paid job.

Jobs for a Bachelor of Science

Much the same as scholastic courses, understudies who have a B.Sc. degree likewise have astounding work openings. Employments for B.Sc. graduates are confined in the field of science as well as they can investigate different regions like administration, building, law, and so on. 

After the culmination of the B.Sc. course, understudies can work in different territories which incorporate both science and non-science fields. 

The openings for work accessible for the understudies are not just incredible as far as a compensation bundle, yet additionally fulfilling professional training. 

There are different open doors accessible for the understudies after B.Sc. the understudies can go in an examination field, in certain schools the understudies are selected legitimately by the large associations at a generally excellent compensation bundle, some expert B.Sc. courses like movement and IT open the entryway of liveliness and IT industry for the alumni, the other expert B.Sc. field additionally have immense profession openings.

List of jobs under the Bachelor of Science are:

  1. Anesthesiologist
  2. Biology Researcher.
  3. Chemist
  4. Clinical Research Specialist.
  5. Cytologist
  6. Dairy Technologist.
  7. Doctor
  8. Ecologist
  9. Geneticist
  10. Lecturer
  11. Laboratory Technician.
  12. Marine Geologists.
  13. Oceanographers.
  14. Pharmacist.
  15. Plant Biochemist.
  16. Environmental corporate consultant
  17. Wildlife biologist
  18. Marine biologist
  19. Farm manager
  20. Park ranger
  21. Forestry manager
  22. Fish and game warden
  23. Conservation agent
  24. Natural resources manager


What is the full form of BSc?

Ans. The full form of BSc is Bachelor of Science. Bachelor of Science is not a technical or vocational degree but rather one that is based upon subjects in the sciences.

What are the common BSc subjects?

Ans. The common BSc subjects are:
Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Economics, and more.

Which course is best in BSc?

Ans. The best BSc course is listed below:
1. BSc Agriculture
2. BSc Horticulture
3. BVSc (Veterinary Science)
4. BSc Forestry
5. BSc Biotechnology
6. BFSc (Fisheries Science)
7. BSc Nursing
8. BSc Nautical Science

Is BSc good after 12th?

Ans. BSc is one of the most opted course after 12th. For those who want to pursue medical courses are required to appear for NEET exam. NEET is an online entrance examination for those pursuing
postgraduate medical courses in India.

What job profile you can get after BSc?

1. Job Profiles
2. Scientific Assistant
3. Research analyst
4. Teachers
5. Technical Writer/Editor
6. Lecturers
7. Chemist
8. Enumerators

About the Author & Expert


Piyush Bhartiya

Author • MBA • 20 Years

Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing verticals for top MNCs and Indian business houses.

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