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GMAT Syllabus

PBPiyush Bhartiya
Updated OnDec 3, 2021

GMAT Syllabus

Graduate Management Admission Test, GMAT is a computer-adaptive test which is administered by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC). GMAT is a test that is required for the admissions in business schools for various graduate management programs, like MBA, Master of Finance, and many more. GMAT assesses the following skills: 

  • Quantitative Reasoning 
  • Verbal Ability 
  • Integrated Reasoning
  • Analytical Writing

The length of a GMAT is 3 hours, and 30 minutes test, which includes two optional breaks, and has four sections:

  • Quantitative Reasoning
  • Verbal Ability
  • Integrated Reasoning 
  • Analytical Writing Assessment 

GMAT can be taken up eight times and must be at least 16 days apart from the previous one. However, the exam can be taken not more than 5 times in a 12-month period. The score of a test remains valid for five years and is taken in 114 countries. More than 7,000 graduate business programs worldwide use these scores to select students for the respective course. 

GMAT is scored out of 800, and the average GMAT score should be 556. The cost of GMAT is $250. In addition to this score, the admissions in business schools also consider the caliber of the student’s work experience, GPA (undergraduate), letters of recommendation, interviews, and essays. 

What is the syllabus of GMAT?

GMAT comprises of four sections: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Ability, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment. The test is scored out of 800 and has to be completed in 3.5 hours including the optional breaks. The total number of questions is 80, which includes one essay type of question. 


Time Limit (minutes)

Number of Questions

Type of Questions

Score Range

Analytical Writing Assessment



Analysis of an Argument

0-6 in 0.5-point increment

Integrated Reasoning



  • Graphical Interpretation
  • Table Analysis
  • Two-part Analysis
  • Multi-Source Reasoning

1-8 in 1-point increment

Quantitative Reasoning



  • Data Sufficiency
  • Problem Solving

6-51 in 1-point increment 

Verbal Ability



  • Reading Comprehension 
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Sentence Correction

6-51 in 1-point increment

A detailed syllabus of GMAT can be looked at from the link below.

What is the syllabus for GMAT 2020?

The syllabus for GMAT 2020 is the same as the syllabus for the previous years. The GMAT exam is scored out of 800, and has 80 questions. The GMAT exam is broken down into four sections, Quantitative reasoning, Verbal reasoning, Integrated reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment. 

Quantitative Reasoning

 Quantitative Reasoning includes questions related to data sufficiency, problem-solving, and math syllabus like Geometry, and Algebra. 

Integrated Reasoning:

The section, Integrated Reasoning, assesses the candidate’s capability of integrating data to solve complex problems on the basis of two-way analysis, etc. 

Verbal Ability:

In this section, the candidate’s ability to read and understand the material, evaluate arguments, and take corrective measures to express ideas, in standard written English. 

Analytical Writing Assessment

In GMAT, Analytical Writing Assessment, a topic or a question is given to the candidates which need to be structured with a systematic and logical approach to the topic given.

GMAT Syllabus

What are the eligibility criteria for a GMAT Exam?

To give a GMAT exam, the minimum requirements are:

  • One should be 18 years of age. If he/she is 13-17 years old, consent from a legal guardian must be shown prior to scheduling the exam. 
  • The exam can be taken five times a year, but not more than 8 times in total. 
  • One must take a 16 days gap before taking another exam. 
  • If a perfect score of 800 is achieved, one must wait for five years to re-take one. 
  • All testing and registration rules must be followed. 

What is the pattern of a GMAT Exam?

Before the commencement of the exam, three options are given for the order in which it can be given, which gives the candidate flexibility to the exam as per his/her testing preferences:

  1. Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, Verbal 
  2. Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment
  3. Quantitative, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment 

The pattern (format and timing) of the GMAT Exam has been mentioned below. 




  • 31 Multiple-Choice questions 
  • 62 minutes
  • No Calculators


  • 36 Multiple-Choice questions
  • 65 minutes

integrated reasoning

  • 12 Multiple-Choice questions
  • 30 minutes
  • Calculator required

analytical writing assessment

  • 1 Essay topic 
  • 30 minutes

What should be looked upon for Analytical Writing Assessment?

The Analytical Writing Assessment is an essay-type question. It is not a test of the candidate’s vocabulary, but the way he/she uses logic, reasoning, and language to critique an argument. It is an indicator of the candidate’s verbal skills. 

What is the syllabus of the GMAT Integrated Reasoning?

GMAT Integrated Reasoning comprises of 12 questions with a time limit of 30 minutes. The score is measured on the scale of 1-8. The questions come in two formats, either mathematical and verbal reasoning separately or the combination of both. The syllabus of Integrated Reasoning has been mentioned in detail below. 

 There are four types of questions are used in this section: 

  • GMAT Multi-Source Reasoning: It includes questions related to Critical Reasoning and quant which may be presented in text or in the form of charts. 
  • GMAT Table Analysis: A table with three different questions with two answer choices for each question. Useful and non-useful data should be differentiated to answer the questions asked. 
  • GMAT Graphics Interpretation: The candidate is provided with a graph or chart to analyze information, with two questions. The graph or chart should be interpreted and statements should be completed by choosing the appropriate answer from the choices given. 
  • GMAT Two-Part Analysis: A short paragraph with information is provided, out of which multiple choice questions are presented in different columns and rows. Each column stands for a component and is a part of the solution. One answer from each column should be selected. 

What is the syllabus for GMAT Quantitative Reasoning?

The Quantitative Section of GMAT is a 75 minutes section with 37 questions. The section follows a certain algorithm, which is why with every right answer, the difficulty of the question increases. There are two subsections of GMAT Quant, Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving and the questions revolve around arithmetic, algebra, and geometry. The concepts that are included in GMAT can be seen from the following link:

What should be prepared for the Verbal Section of GMAT?

 The Verbal Section of GMAT consists of 41 questions which need to be solved in a span of 75 minutes. The section comprises of three sections: 

  1. Reading Comprehension 
  2. Sentence Correction 
  3. Critical Reasoning 

Reading Comprehension (RC): The Reading Comprehension assesses the candidate’s ability to read and understand written material. The passages given are usually of 350 words. Questions revolving around the passage are given and the correct answer should be selected from the given options. The types of questions vary from basic data gathering to inferring from the information given in the passage. 

Sentence Correction (SC): This subsection checks the candidate’s ability to evaluate and correct sentences to conform to standard English Language. The questions are usually long sentences with a portion underlined. The underlined portions has five alternatives to it, and the candidate should select the correct one in order to gain points. 

Critical Reasoning (CR): The section Critical Reasoning measures the candidate’s ability to evaluate arguments. An argument, followed by a conclusion, which is then followed by a question stem. The conclusion, sometimes, is left to be inferred. Correct answers for the questions need to be chosen. 

What is the Math Syllabus for GMAT?

The Math Section of GMAT covers the following Math topics: 

  • Angles
  • Average
  • Circles 
  • Convex Polygons 
  • Coordinate Geometry 
  • Cylinders
  • Decimals
  • Discrete Probability 
  • Fractions
  • Functions
  • Integers
  • Linear Equations 
  • Lines 
  • Numbers
  • Percentage 
  • Permutation and Combination 
  • Polygons
  • Proportion 
  • Quadratic Equations 
  • Ratio 
  • Rectangular Solids 
  • Roots and Squares
  • Sets
  • Statistics
  • Triangles

What is the English Syllabus for GMAT?

  The Verbal Section of the GMAT exam includes the following: 

  • Parts of Speech – Verbs, Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Prepositions
  • Idioms
  • Idiomatic Expressions
  • The Sentence- Clause and Phrase
  • Subject-Verb Agreement 
  • Pronouns Agreement 
  • Modifiers
  • Parallelism 
  • Verb Tense
  • Reading Passages 
  • Antonyms and Synonyms

What is the GMAT Syllabus for MBA?

The GMAT syllabus for MBA can be looked upon through this link:


GMAT, Graduate Management Admission Test, and CAT, Common Admission Test are very similar in their approach, purpose, and sections. However, the differences between them are listed below. 

Point of distinction




3 hours, 7 minutes (excluding break)

3 hours





  • Analytical Writing- One Question 
  • Integrated Reasoning-12 Questions
  • Quantitative- 31 questions
  • Verbal- 36 questions
  • Verbal- 35 questions 
  • Data Interpretation and logical Reasoning- 32 questions
  • Quantitative- 34 questions


5 years

1 year

number of attempts

5 in a year

Once a year

writing assessment

A writing assessment exists

No writing assessment is taken 

registration fee


Rs. 2000

number of breaks

Two optional breaks are allowed

No breaks allowed

number of questions



age limit

13 years or older (If the candidate is 13-17 years old, he must get consent from the local guardian)

No age limit, however, a bachelor’s degree is required. 

Also Read: A Guide to GMAT Pattern and Syllabus (Updated 2020)


1. What is the GMAT syllabus?

Answer: The GMAT Syllabus comprises four sections to be attempted – Analytical Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, and Quantitative Reasoning.

2. Can I skip any GMAT section?

Answer: You cannot skip any of the sections.

3. Do I get a break between the sections?

Answer: You can take an 8 – minutes break scheduled according to the order of your sections. If not, you can skip and move on to the next section.

4. What skills does the Quantitative section analyze?

Answer: The Quantitative section measures your reasoning and evaluation abilities.

5. Does the verbal section only analyze my grammatical skills?

Answer: The Verbal test measures your comprehensive and understanding skills of the language.

6. Are all GMAT questions scored?

Answer: Not all, but around 25% of the questions are experimental in the Quantitative and verbal section.

7. Can I cancel my GMAT score?

Answer: Yes, you can cancel your GMAT score that will require a charge of $10.

8. Who can access my scores?

Answer: Only the registered candidate can have access to their GMAT scores.

9. Which section can I  request for a re-score?

Answer: The Analytical Writing Assessment can be re-scored with the request.

10. How much does the GMAT test cost?

Answer: GMAT costs $250 for a test.

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About the Author
Piyush Bhartiya
Study Abroad Expert & Co-Founder @ AdmitKard
Piyush values education and has studied from the top institutes of IIT Roorkee, IIM Bangalore, KTH Sweden and Tsinghua University in China. Post completing his MBA, he has worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group and focused on building sales and marketing vertical for top MNCs and Indian business houses.