Letter of Recommendation - LOR - Complete Overview | AdmitKard
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Letter of Recommendation - LOR - Complete Overview

RARachit Agrawal
Updated OnDec 1, 2021
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Letter of Recommendation

A Letter of Recommendation is an official document that is asked when a person is applying for Job, College, Internship, or any leadership position or when a person is volunteering. The purpose of a Letter of Recommendation is to know the talents and habits of the applicant and what they learned in their last working place. A letter of Recommendation states what the applicant achieved and how did he perform.

An Honest Letter of Recommendation helps to know how the applicant performs in the work environment.

What is LOR?

We can also call a letter of Recommendation as a letter of reference, reference letter, or only reference. The Letter of Recommendation is a document that consists of details of an individual. Details in the document mainly signify an individual's qualities, characteristics, and capabilities.

Letter of Recommendation is mainly used in the field of employment and education. Letter of Recommendation can also be used by companies with the motive of winning contracts.

The topics that are covered in the Letter of Recommendation are as follows:

  • It gives knowledge about the tasks and responsibilities for the employees 
  • It also tells about the duration of tasks or employments
  • It covers topics like abilities, knowledge, creativity, and knowledge of the individual
  • It also tells us about employees qualification and special skills
  • It also covers topics like social attitude and the power of rapport of an employee.

Who needs a Letter of Recommendation?

Any student who is pursuing higher studies in a foreign country can add more weight to his/her candidature in the university/college if he/she has a letter of recommendation, preferably from the Head of Department from his previous institution. A candidate who wishes to fulfill his/her dream of being able to gain access to a renowned research facility and work with the best in the research field can always wear a formal letter of recommendation down his/her collar to be able
to gain some confidence in the new scholar under which he/she will be working.

Also Read: Letter of Recommendation: Updated LOR Sample for All courses in 2020

Why LOR?

It validates your resume, be it academics or professional experience. It helps give a third person, who is a potential recruiter, an impression of your candidature. It, in a way, adds more insights into the different qualities you vouch upon, like leadership skills and the ability to work in a team. The most important aspect of the Letter of Recommendation is that it also helps the new recruiters know about your weaknesses if any.

Types of LOR

A letter of recommendation is a written testimony that offers valid information about your characters and skills. It generally includes the details ranging from the candidate’s personality, work ethic and academic achievements. There are different types of letters of recommendation depending on different occasions such as Academic Recommendation Letters, Character References and Employment Recommendations.

How to Write a LOR

In case you have been asked to be a reference for someone seeking a letter of recommendation, you can write it by following a specific format. In the introduction paragraph, you should include our name, the name of the person you are recommending and your relationship with him/her. The main body includes the different hard and soft skills that the
candidate possesses, and you admire the most. You can conclude by stating why a person is recommended by you.

Letter Of Recommendation Format

A letter of Recommendation is an official and an important document is shown at the time of employment at an institution. The Letter of Recommendation should be in a proper format when written so the person who is reading it can understand properly. The LOR has a Specific Format which needs to be Follow properly.

The format for Letter of Recommendation is:

The Letter of Recommendation is divided into 5 parts i.e 5 paragraphs, The 5 Parts the LOR is divided into are:

  1. A brief introduction: The Introduction should include an introduction of the person writing the LOR and the relationship between the people.
  2. An Overview: The overview includes the applicant's strength and the skills they have that you may have noticed
  3. A personal Story: A personal story about the applicant always helps, something which tells something good about the applicant
  4. A closing statement: The complete summary would be a good way to close your statement
  5. Signature: Your name and contact details

Sample: LOR Samples

Letter Of Recommendation For MS

MS students are required to write about their need to choose MS as their graduation choice than the course according to it. As it is a pivotal factor in students’ application it should have required information about students and their performance in the course.

There are samples provided by the teachers in which information regarding the student’s performance is mentioned and it should be in a particular format. The letter is divided into small parts where the students is required to put up their personality in the best manner, with an impactful ending paragraph.


To whom it may concern:

I am writing this reference letter in support of ABC who is applying to the Master in Science program at your esteemed University. I have known ABC in my capacity as his Professor for over three years now during which, I taught him the courses Thermodynamics, Heat & Mass Transfer, Renewable Sources of Energy in the first, fourth, fifth and sixth semesters respectively. Through my observation, I would like to say that he is attentive and studious and always possesses a positive attitude towards academics.

Throughout his course of study, ABC has shown great interest in practical aided learning techniques. Besides the academics, ABC’s participation in MIRAGE’14, state-level project competition for Mechanical Engineering students held in our college, clearly displays his interest in the manufacturing and creative sector. As a person who has a lot of dedication to everything.

I have the deepest personal and professional respect for him, and sincerely believe ABC will bring his unique energy, optimism, passion, and tireless creativity to your class and University as a whole. So, he has my highest wishes for admission into his desired course at the University. If you have any questions about this recommendation, please do not hesitate to contact me for I will gladly try to help [email protected]



Senior professor


The following Sample is taken from Coursehero

Also Read: 10 Best Universities for MS in MIS

Letter Of Recommendation For MS In Computer Science

As the students submit their documents like GPA, work experience, research paper, LOR fills in the gap by presenting your personality in a better way. Recommendation puts forth the best personality of a student or an employee which the authorities would trust.

To have an LOR is to have benefits as it displays one’s quality of understanding and how to sorting and searching are important in programming. Solving codes and, creating one’s program shows the ability to understand the concept.

Letter Of Recommendation For Masters Program In Engineering

Engineering is a vast course where teachers and students must stay connected, the profile of the applicant must include the skills and classroom performance if any, experience matters a lot which should be included.

Samples are provided to the students from their respective institutes for their under graduation, post-graduation or Ph.D., a good recommendation letter lets the students know how to write it without any error and with perfection. The format of the letter is the most important as it impacts the student’s personality, generally.

Letter Of Recommendation For Student

A LOR must have student’s qualifications and rewards received, it might help in processing the application further with the help of a teacher. There should be skills, experiences, performances added in the body paragraph which emphasizes the student’s ability to show punctuality and leadership quality as well. Students must try their best to gain certificates and attain positions in high-level competitions.


To whom it may concern:

I am so happy to write a letter of recommendation for ABC, an honors undergraduate student in our program. I’ve known ABC for about two years. This summer, I hired her to work on an NSF-sponsored research project on Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change.

She has a good reputation among her colleagues. Her performance has increased rapidly during the years of her internship. She always came to class prepared and was far above her peers in understanding and appreciating the course material. She’s a dedicated student and a competent professional. I very highly recommend her and without reservation.


Janet Teacher

Janet Teacher Professor of Geography

The following Sample is taken from education.psu.edu

Letter Of Recommendation For Work Experience

Work experience includes the years worked at a particular company, and the position with remarks and profile of the applicant with good responses and behavior matters a lot when it comes to working experience recommendations. The position and punctuality of the employer should be written and the work assigned was satisfying if any other merits are seen through the employer should also be mentioned.

To Whom it May Concern:

I recommend Jane as a candidate for employment as she is competent in many ways. Jane was employed by Acme Retail as an Administrative Assistant from 20xx to 20xx. Jane was responsible for office support, including word processing, scheduling appointments and creating a brochure, newsletters, and other office literature Jane has excellent communication skills. ln addition, she is extremely organized, reliable and computer literate. Jane can work independently and can follow through to ensure that the job gets done. She has a will to work on any project that is assigned to her. Jane has a quick volunteering idea as soon as she gets to know about the areas of company operations, etc. Jane would be a tremendous asset to your company and has my highest recommendation. if you have any further questions concerning her background or qualifications, please do not hesitate to call me.


John Lee Manager

Letter of Recommendation for MBA

MBA students have fields where they can work and get experienced certificates easily, management, manager, etc. Which will help MBA graduate students to develop their letter and with the best skills?

Samples are provided to the students from their respective institutes for their under graduation, post-graduation or Ph.D., a good recommendation letter lets the students know how to write it without any error and with perfection. The format of the letter is the most important as it impacts the student’s personality, generally.


To Whom It May Concern:

I would like to recommend Becky James for your MBA program. Becky has worked as my assistant for the last three years. During that time, she has been moving toward her goal of enrolling in an MBA program by building her interpersonal skills, honing her leadership ability, and gaining hands-on experience in operations management.

As Becky’s direct supervisor, I have seen her demonstrate strong critical thinking skills and the leadership capabilities necessary for success in the management field. She has helped our company achieve many goals through her valuable input as well as a persistent dedication to our organizational strategy. For example, just this year Becky helped to analyze our production schedule and suggested an effective plan to manage bottlenecks in our production process. Her contributions helped us achieve our goal of minimizing scheduled and unscheduled downtime.

Becky may be my assistant, but she has risen to an unofficial leadership role. When team members in our department aren’t sure what to do in a given situation, they often turn to Becky for her thoughtful advice and support on various projects. Becky never fails to assist them. She is kind, humble, and seems very comfortable in a leadership role. Several of her fellow employees have come into my office and expressed unsolicited compliments in regards to Becky’s personality and performance.


Allen Barry, Operations Manager, Tri-State Widget Productions

Also Read: Why MBA – All your Questions Answered


1. How many letters of recommendation are required?

Answer: Three letters of recommendation are required in almost all institutions. Not more than three is necessary.

2. Who should write the letters of recommendation?

Answer: Preferably a professor who is well acquainted with your development throughout your time of study in your previous institution or your supervisor or principal can write your letter of recommendation.

3. Should all my letters of recommendation be submitted online?

Answer: Often most letters of recommendation are submitted online. However, some submission criteria vary at different institutions.

4. Will there be a problem if I submit more than three letters of recommendation?

Answer: You must submit three letters of recommendation at the highest. Not more than three will make any difference.

5. If I submit my letters of recommendation before submitting my application, will there be a problem?

Answer: No, there will not be any problem if you submitted your letter of recommendation before submitting your application. It becomes a part of your record once you have submitted it.

Prateek BiyaniUniversity Of Sydney
Prateek BiyaniUniversity Of Sydney
Prateek BiyaniUniversity Of Sydney
Varun GargUniversity College Dublin
Varun GargUniversity College Dublin
Varun GargUniversity College Dublin
TusharAston University
Gourav ChhabraRMIT university
VIVEK VEERIMonash University
Pradyut BhatnagarThe University of Hong Kong
Ishaan GoenkaThe University of Hong Kong
Shrinivas SUniversity of South Florida
Vahini GoyalSwinburne University of Technology
Swapnil ShahUniversity of Massachusetts
Abhishek JaiswalUniversity of Southern California
Saloni Goyl
Nitya SinghJames Cook University
Vishal SharmaUniversity of Mannheim
Apurva SrinivasUniversity Of Stirling
Shruti NambiarESCP Business School
Jaimish TopreHEC Montreal ( University of Montreal)
RahulUniversity Of Wisconsin Milwaukee
AbhishekKingston University
ShaikTU Braunschweig
KavyashriMonash university
PujithaUniversity Of Edinburgh
BhagyaUniversity Of Northern British Columbia
VismayDepaul University
Magesa Marwahow a can get recommendation letter and also how can be admitted to study abroad with low gpa of 2.5 at undergraduate degree
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About the Author
Rachit Agrawal
Study Abroad Expert & Co-Founder @ AdmitKard
Rachit believes in the power of education and has studied from the top institutes of IIIT Allahabad, IIM Calcutta, and Francois Rabelias in France. He has worked as Software Developer with Microsoft and Adobe. Post his MBA, he worked with the world's # 1 consulting firm, The Boston Consulting Group across multiple geographies US, South-East Asia and Europe.